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APPENDIX: DIFFERENCES IN SCHOOLING STRUCTURES
Pre-Year 1 is known as:
Each state and territory has a preschool year (Year 1 minus 2), however these are excluded from the scope of the National Schools Statistics Collection. Data on preschool education is available annually through Preschool Education, Australia (ABS cat. no. 4240.0).
Age Structure of Primary and Secondary Schooling
The age at which children must attend school is the subject of separate legislation within each state and territory. In 2012, the age at which a child's attendance at school was compulsory under state and territory legislation, was 5 years for Tasmania and 6 years for all other states and territories.
Generally, minimum starting ages restrict enrolment to children aged between four and a half and five years at the beginning of the year looking to commence Pre-Year 1. In South Australia, most students start school at age five, and it is common for children to start school at the beginning of the school term following their fifth birthday. Students in South Australia who commenced in Term 4 in 2012 will not have been at school on the Schools Census date, and are not included in this publication.
Additionally, as of January 1, 2010, the National Youth Participation Requirement came into effect for each state and territory. The National Youth Participation Requirement includes:
For the purpose of the National Youth Participation Requirement, education or training will be considered full-time if the provider considers the course to be full-time or if it includes 25 hours per week of formal course requirements. Exemptions from the National Youth Participation Requirements will continue in line with existing state and territory practice. For further information, see:
SCHOOLING STRUCTURES ACROSS AUSTRALIA, 2012 (a)
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