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1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2003  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 24/01/2003   
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Contents >> Housing >> Housing costs and income

Housing costs cover different items for different types of tenure. For owners who have no mortgage, housing costs comprise the rates paid. For owners with a mortgage, housing costs comprise the value of the mortgage payments as well as property rates. For households renting their dwelling, housing costs comprise the regular rental amounts paid to landlords.

The Survey of Income and Housing Costs 1999-2000 found that housing costs for owners with a mortgage, at an average of $210 per week, were higher than for other forms of tenure (table 8.9). Households renting from private landlords had mean weekly housing costs of $166, compared to $71 for tenants of state or territory housing authorities.


8.9 OWNER AND RENTER HOUSEHOLDS, Housing costs by household composition - 1999-2000

Couple, one family

Tenure and landlord type
Couple only
Couple with dependent children only
Couple -
other
Total couples,
one family
One parent,
one family
Lone
person
Other
Total

MEAN WEEKLY HOUSING COSTS ($)

Owner without a mortgage
20
27
25
23
22
18
33
22
Owner with a mortgage
224
219
200
217
167
178
248
210
Renter - state/territory housing authority
81
105
132
103
71
49
*76
71
Renter - private landlord
178
180
180
179
152
133
201
166
Total renters(a)
162
163
165
163
121
107
190
143
Total owner and renter households
99
166
108
128
106
79
167
117

MEAN GROSS WEEKLY INCOME ($)

Owner without a mortgage
721
1,240
1,489
1,017
792
394
1,143
841
Owner with a mortgage
1,294
1,274
1,660
1,349
825
768
1,599
1,254
Renter - state/territory housing authority
455
576
796
584
419
220
*831
398
Renter - private landlord
1,048
913
1,173
995
581
532
1,252
853
Total renters(a)
970
867
1,057
932
522
439
1,243
756
Total owner and renter households
917
1,184
1,506
1,141
663
477
1,299
953

MEAN HOUSING COSTS AS A PROPORTION OF INCOME (%)

Owner without a mortgage
3
2
2
2
3
4
3
3
Owner with a mortgage
17
17
12
16
20
23
16
17
Renter - state/territory housing authority
18
18
17
18
17
23
*9
18
Renter - private landlord
17
20
15
18
26
25
16
20
Total renters(a)
17
19
16
18
23
24
15
19
Total owner and renter households
11
14
7
11
16
17
13
12

HOUSEHOLDS (’000)

Owner without a mortgage
936.6
369.2
414.1
1,719.9
166.8
745.4
126.2
2,758.3
Owner with a mortgage
448.0
984.8
315.9
1,748.7
152.9
293.2
120.9
2,315.7
Renter - state/territory housing authority
37.5
47.4
24.5
109.5
113.9
164.0
*14.6
402.0
Renter - private landlord
236.0
272.9
57.6
566.4
199.9
413.4
266.6
1,446.4
Total renters(a)
287.5
345.9
92.1
725.5
326.6
614.8
295.8
1,962.8
Total owner and renter households
1,672.1
1,700.0
822.1
4,194.2
646.3
1,653.4
542.9
7,036.8

HOUSEHOLD AND DWELLING SIZE (no.)

Average persons in household
2.0
4.0
3.9
3.2
2.7
1.0
3.0
2.6
Average bedrooms in dwelling
3.0
3.4
3.5
3.2
3.0
2.4
2.9
3.0

(a) Includes other landlord type.

Source: ABS data available on request, Survey of Income and Housing Costs, 1999-2000.


For many households, weekly housing costs are a significant proportion of their gross weekly income. In 1999-2000, housing costs represented 17% of gross weekly income for owners with a mortgage, 18% of gross weekly income for tenants of a state or territory housing authority and 20% of gross weekly income for tenants renting from a private landlord (table 8.9). Housing costs as a proportion of income differed depending on tenure type, landlord type and household composition (graph 8.10 and table 8.11).

See also the section Housing costs - capital cities, which focuses on capital city households, drawing on results from the same survey.

Graph - 8.10 Mean housing costs as a proportion of income, By tenure and landlord type, and household composition - 1999-2000



8.11 OWNER AND RENTER HOUSEHOLDS, Housing costs as a proportion of income - 1999-2000

Renter

Housing costs as a
proportion of income
Units
Owner without a mortgage
Owner with a mortgage
State/territory housing authority
Private
landlord
Total(a)
Total

25% or less
%
97.6
71.4
82.1
57.9
64.5
79.8
26-30%
%
n.p.
9.0
12.2
9.3
9.5
5.7
31-50%
%
*0.5
13.2
*4.1
21.7
17.1
9.3
More than 50%
%
*0.7
5.6
*1.3
9.6
7.7
4.3
Total(b)
%
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
Total owner & rental households
'000
2,758.3
2,315.7
402.0
1,446.4
1,962.8
7,036.8

(a) Includes other landlord type.
(b) Includes households with nil or negative total income.

Source: ABS data available on request, Survey of Income and Housing Costs, 1999-2000.


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