Australian Bureau of Statistics

Rate the ABS website
ABS Home > Statistics > By Release Date
1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2006  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 20/01/2006   
   Page tools: Print Print Page RSS Feed RSS Bookmark and Share Search this Product  
Contents >> Chapter 12 - Culture and recreation >> Museums and art galleries

MUSEUMS AND ART GALLERIES

Museums (including art galleries) engage in the acquisition, collection management, conservation, interpretation, communication and exhibition of heritage objects and artefacts. Heritage objects include those that inform people about natural science, applied science, history, transport, art and other culture.

Australian Museums and Galleries On Line (AMOL) - formerly known as Australian Museums On Line - provides access to a database of information on national, state, territory, regional and local museums at <http://www.amol.org.au>. AMOL includes a searchable database of objects from collecting institutions across Australia. AMOL is being replaced by the Collections Australia Network (CAN) at <http://www.collectionsaustralia.net>. It is intended that CAN’s search capabilities and on-line resources will eclipse those of its predecessor, and that it will increase collaboration in the on-line environment between organisations spanning galleries, libraries, museums and archives.

MUSEUM ATTENDANCE

The 2002 Survey of Attendance at Selected Cultural Venues and Events showed 24.9% of the population aged 18 years and over (3.6 million people) had visited an art gallery at least once in the previous 12 months (table 12.5). This is higher than the attendance rate of 20.9% (2.9 million people) when the survey was run in 1999. The attendance rate at museums (other than art galleries) was 25.0% (3.6 million people) in 2002 compared with 19.6% (2.8 million people) in 1999. This large rise in attendance can be partly explained by the temporary closure of some large museums during the 1999 survey period.

12.5 ATTENDANCE AT MUSEUMS(a) - 2002

Attendance rate(b)

Art galleries
Museums
%
%

Males
22.0
24.6
Females
27.7
25.4
Persons
24.9
25.0
Age group (years)
18-24
23.8
22.3
25-34
23.9
27.0
35-44
25.8
29.1
45-54
27.8
25.3
55-64
28.0
25.7
65 and over
19.7
18.3
Birthplace
Australia
24.8
24.9
Main English-speaking countries
29.0
29.6
Other countries
22.6
22.6

(a) Attendance at least once in the 12 months prior to interview in 2002.
(b) The number of people who attended, expressed as a percentage of the number of people in that population group.

Source: Attendance at Selected Cultural Venues and Events, Australia, 2002 (4114.0).


MUSEUMS INDUSTRY

The ABS conducted a survey, in respect of 2003-04, of museums which were open to the general public during that period. The scope of this survey included: historic trusts and sites; historic societies with a collection; house museums; social and natural history museums; archives (excluding the national and state archives); art galleries (excluding commercial art galleries); keeping places and cultural centres; outdoor museums; science museums; maritime museums; military museums and transport museums.

At the end of June 2004 there were 1,329 museum locations operating in Australia, containing a total of 54.9 million museum objects and artworks (table 12.6). Almost half (49.1%) of these locations were operated without employees, relying on the assistance of 9,382 volunteers. Volunteers were also important to museums operating with employees. The 676 museum locations with employees, employed a total of 7,624 people and were assisted by 11,061 volunteers.

The 74 museum locations with employment of 100 or more people averaged 159,800 admissions each in 2003-04. This compares with an average of 41,300 admissions for museum locations with employment of 20-99, and 26,000 admissions for museum locations with employment of 1-19. Museum locations which were operated solely by volunteers had an average of 3,200 admissions. Of total museum admissions in 2003-04, 37.9% were to museum locations with employment of 100 or more.

Of the 54.9 million museum objects and artworks held by museums at the end of June 2004, only 9.7% were on display. The large majority (84.0%) of all museum objects and artworks were held by museums with employment of 20 or more. These museums displayed only 2.9% of their museum objects and artworks.

More information from the ABS survey of museums can be found in the Services Industries chapter.

12.6 MUSEUMS - 2003-04

Units
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

Museum/gallery locations at 30 June
no.
413
286
232
127
153
^61
35
23
1,329
Museum objects/artworks at 30 June
'000
16,680.3
20,704.0
6,808.0
4,424.4
2,832.7
1,140.5
1,272.1
1,053.7
54,915.5
Special exhibitions held
no.
^1,198
^1,028
^496
^191
^188
^142
62
100
3,405
Admissions
Paid
’000
^3,883.8
3,203.5
^972.3
446.2
875.7
*438.5
*189.7
549.9
10,559.5
Free
’000
^5,817.2
*6,588.1
1,760.6
1,575.7
1,209.7
397.6
416.2
2,865.5
^20,630.6
Total
’000
^9,701.0
*9,791.6
2,732.8
2,022.0
2,085.4
*836.1
^606.0
3,415.3
^31,190.1
Employment at 30 June
no.
2,542
2,011
816
316
627
170
^149
993
7,624
Volunteers during the month of June
no.
^7,853
^4,455
^2,793
^1,595
^1,729
^1,254
154
611
20,443
Income
$m
288.3
272.6
70.1
33.7
69.4
12.8
11.9
160.6
919.4
Expenses
$m
245.7
254.3
66.4
32.6
56.9
11.0
7.3
136.1
810.3

Source: Museums, Australia, 2003-04 (8560.0).


Previous PageNext Page


Bookmark and Share. Opens in a new window


Commonwealth of Australia 2014

Unless otherwise noted, content on this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Australia Licence together with any terms, conditions and exclusions as set out in the website Copyright notice. For permission to do anything beyond the scope of this licence and copyright terms contact us.