4906.0 - Personal Safety, Australia, 2016  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 08/11/2017   
   Page tools: Print Print Page Print all pages in this productPrint All RSS Feed RSS Bookmark and Share Search this Product


MOST RECENT INCIDENT OF SEXUAL ASSAULT BY A MALE

Details below refer to the most recent incident that occurred since the age 15 and less than 10 years prior to the survey.

Due to the relatively small numbers of men who have experienced sexual assault by a male, estimates for males experience of sexual assault are subject to very high sampling error (for further details on sampling error refer to the Technical Note page of this publication). For this reason, only information on women’s experience of sexual assault by a male are included here.


RELATIONSHIP TO PERPETRATOR IN MOST RECENT INCIDENT OF SEXUAL ASSAULT BY A MALE

The 2016 PSS found that the majority of women who experienced sexual assault by a male were sexually assaulted by a known person in the most recent incident. Refer to Table 8.

Just under nine out of ten women who experienced sexual assault by a male (87% or 553,700) were sexually assaulted by a known person in the most recent incident. The most common known perpetrator type was a previous partner (26% or 163,100) in the most recent incident of sexual assault by a male.

Graph Image for WOMEN WHO EXPERIENCED SEXUAL ASSAULT BY A MALE(a), Relationship to perpetrator(b)

Footnote(s): (a) Since the age of 15. Excludes incidents that occurred 10 years ago or more. (b) In their most recent incident of sexual assault by a male.

Source(s): Personal Safety Survey, 2016



LOCATION OF MOST RECENT INCIDENT OF SEXUAL ASSAULT BY A MALE

The majority of women who experienced sexual assault by a male were assaulted in a home (either their own or someone else’s) in the most recent incident. Refer to Table 8.

An estimated 40% of women who experienced sexual assault by a male were assaulted in their own home in the most recent incident (252,400). A further 17% were sexually assaulted in the perpetrator’s home (109,400) and a further 13% were assaulted in another person’s home (84,600).

Graph Image for WOMEN WHO EXPERIENCED SEXUAL ASSAULT BY A MALE(a), Location of most recent incident(b)(c)

Footnote(s): (a) Since the age of 15. Excludes incidents that occurred 10 years ago or more. (b) Location of their most recent incident of sexual assault by a male. (c) Not all locations are shown. (d) Respondents were provided examples of "pub, nightclub, sporting venue etc.”. (e) Respondents were provided examples of "street, laneway, park, carpark".

Source(s): Personal Safety Survey, 2016



WHETHER POLICE CONTACTED ABOUT THE MOST RECENT INCIDENT OF SEXUAL ASSAULT BY A MALE

The majority of women, who experienced sexual assault by a male, did not contact the police, about the most recent incident. Refer to Table 10.

Graph Image for WOMEN WHO EXPERIENCED SEXUAL ASSAULT BY A MALE(a), Whether police contacted(b)

Footnote(s): (a) Since the age of 15. Excludes incidents that occurred 10 years ago or more. (b) About their most recent incident of sexual assault by a male. (c) Includes where the respondent contacted the police or where someone else contacted the police.

Source(s): Personal Safety Survey, 2016



Approximately nine out of ten women who experienced sexual assault by a male (87% or 553,900) did not contact the police about the most recent incident. Reasons for not contacting the police included feeling like they could deal with it themselves (34% or 189,400) and not regarding the incident as a serious offence (34% or 187,400).

Of the 85,700 women, who did contact the police, approximately one quarter advised that the perpetrator was charged (27% or 23,500).

Police reporting changes between 2012 and 2016 – incidents in last 12 months only Endnote 1

Between 2012 and 2016, there was no significant change in women reporting the most recent incident to police, where the incident occurred in the 12 months prior to the survey. In 2012, an estimated 17% of women reported their most recent incident of sexual assault by a male to police, compared to 15% in 2016. Refer to Table 12.


WHETHER PERCEIVED THE MOST RECENT INCIDENT OF SEXUAL ASSAULT BY A MALE AS A CRIME AT THE TIME

Less than half of all women who experienced sexual assault by a male perceived the most recent incident as a crime at the time that the incident occurred. Refer to Table 13.

Women who experienced sexual assault by a male were more likely to perceive the most recent incident as wrong but not a crime (42% or 268,000), compared with something that just happens (22% or 138,900) or as a crime (26% 165,600).

Graph Image for WOMEN WHO EXPERIENCED SEXUAL ASSAULT BY A MALE(a), Whether perceived incident as a crime at the time(b)(c)

Footnote(s): (a) Since the age of 15. Excludes incidents that occurred 10 years ago or more. (b) About their most recent incident of sexual assault by a male (c) Persons who could not provide an answer to whether they thought the incident was a crime at the time are not included in this graph.

Source(s): Personal Safety Survey, 2016



WHETHER SOUGHT ADVICE OR SUPPORT ABOUT THE MOST RECENT INCIDENT OF SEXUAL ASSAULT BY A MALE

Half of all women who experienced sexual assault by a male sought advice or support about the most recent incident (50% or 316,900). Of these women, 71% sought advice or support from a friend or family member (224,500). Refer to Table 15.


WHETHER EXPERIENCED ANXIETY OR FEAR FOR PERSONAL SAFETY IN THE 12 MONTHS AFTER THE MOST RECENT INCIDENT OF SEXUAL ASSAULT BY A MALE

Over half of women who experienced sexual assault by a male felt anxiety or fear for their personal safety in the 12 months after the most recent incident (57% or 365,700). Refer to Table 8.

ENDNOTES

Endnote 1

For more information on significance testing, refer to the Technical Note page of this publication.