4906.0 - Personal Safety, Australia, 2016  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 08/11/2017   
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MOST RECENT INCIDENT OF PHYSICAL ASSAULT BY A MALE

Details below refer to the most recent incident that occurred since the age 15 and less than 10 years prior to the survey.

RELATIONSHIP TO PERPETRATOR IN MOST RECENT INCIDENT OF PHYSICAL ASSAULT BY A MALE

For the most recent incident of physical assault by a male, men were more likely to experience physical assault by a stranger. In contrast, women were more likely to experience physical assault by a male that they knew. Refer to Tables 8 and 9.

Graph Image for PERSONS WHO EXPERIENCED PHYSICAL ASSAULT BY A MALE(a), Relationship to perpetrator(b) by sex

Footnote(s): (a) Since the age of 15. Excludes incidents that occurred 10 years ago or more. (b) In their most recent incident of physical assault by a male.

Source(s): Personal Safety Survey, 2016



Men who experienced physical assault by a male
  • Approximately two-thirds of men who experienced physical assault by a male were assaulted by a stranger in their most recent incident (66% or 873,100).

Women who experienced physical assault by a male
  • About nine out of ten women who experienced physical assault by a male were assaulted by someone that they knew in their most recent incident (92% or 977,600).
  • The most common known perpetrator type was a previous partner (41% or 437,600).


LOCATION OF MOST RECENT INCIDENT OF PHYSICAL ASSAULT BY A MALE

Men were more likely than women to have experienced physical assault by a male at a place of entertainment or recreation or at an outside location. Refer to Tables 8 and 9.
  • An estimated 28% of men, who experienced physical assault by a male, experienced their most recent incident at a place of entertainment or recreation venue (370,700) compared to 5% of females (55,800).
  • Similarly, an estimated 28% of men who experienced physical assault by a male, experienced their most recent incident at an outside location (370,500) compared with 5% of women (47,900).

Women were more likely than men to have experienced physical assault by a male in their home.
  • Approximately 65% of women, who experienced physical assault by a male (689,800), experienced their most recent incident in their home, compared with 11% of men (138,900).

Graph Image for PERSONS WHO EXPERIENCED PHYSICAL ASSAULT BY A MALE(a), Location of most recent incident(b)(c) by sex

Footnote(s): (a) Since the age of 15. Excludes incidents that occurred 10 years ago or more. (b) Location of their most recent incident of physical assault by a male. (c) Not all locations are shown. (d) Respondents were provided examples of "pub, nightclub, sporting venue, etc.”. (e) Respondents were provided examples of "street, laneway, park, carpark".

Source(s): Personal Safety Survey, 2016



PHYSICAL ASSAULT BEHAVIOURS EXPERIENCED DURING MOST RECENT INCIDENT OF PHYSICAL ASSAULT BY A MALE

Men and women, who experienced physical assault by a male, reported being pushed, grabbed or shoved as the predominant physical assault behaviour during the most recent incident. Refer to Tables 8 and 9.

Women, who experienced physical assault by a male, experienced the following assault behaviours during their most recent incident:
  • pushed, grabbed or shoved (71% or 761,000)
  • had something thrown at them (36% or 380,800)
  • kicked, bitten or hit with a fist (23% or 248,400).

Men, who experienced physical assault by a male, experienced the following assault behaviours during their most recent incident:
  • pushed, grabbed or shoved (56% or 738,100)
  • kicked, bitten or hit with a fist (43% or 572,000).

Graph Image for PERSONS WHO EXPERIENCED PHYSICAL ASSAULT BY A MALE(a), Physical assault behaviours experienced (b)(c)(d) by sex

Footnote(s): (a) Since the age of 15. Excludes incidents that occurred 10 years ago or more. (b) In their most recent incident of physical assault by a male. (c) More than one response may have been reported so proportions may sum to more than 100%. (d) Not all physical assault behaviours are shown.

Source(s): Personal Safety Survey, 2016



WHETHER PERCEIVED ALCOHOL OR OTHER SUBSTANCE CONTRIBUTED TO THE MOST RECENT INCIDENT OF PHYSICAL ASSAULT BY A MALE

Men who experienced physical assault by a male were more likely than women to perceive alcohol or another substance as a contributing factor to the most recent incident. Refer to Tables 8 and 9.

Graph Image for PERSONS WHO EXPERIENCED PHYSICAL ASSAULT BY A MALE(a), Whether alcohol or other substance contributed(b)(c) by sex

Footnote(s): (a) Since the age of 15. Excludes incidents that occurred 10 years ago or more. (b) About their most recent incident of physical assault by a male. (c) Persons who could not provide an answer to whether they thought alcohol or other substances contributed to the incident are not included in this graph. (d) Based on the respondent's perception of whether alcohol or drugs contributed.

Source(s): Personal Safety Survey, 2016



Men who experienced physical assault by a male

Just under two-thirds of men who experienced physical assault by a male perceived alcohol or another substance to be a contributing factor to the most recent incident (61% or 804,000).

Women who experienced physical assault by a male

Approximately half of all women who experienced physical assault by a male perceived alcohol or another substance to be a contributing factor to the most recent incident (49% or 519,700).


WHETHER POLICE CONTACTED ABOUT THE MOST RECENT INCIDENT OF PHYSICAL ASSAULT BY A MALE

The majority of men and women who experienced physical assault by a male did not contact the police about the most recent incident. There was no difference between men and women in the likelihood of contacting the police. Refer to Tables 10 and 11.

Graph Image for PERSONS WHO EXPERIENCED PHYSICAL ASSAULT BY A MALE(a), Whether police contacted(b) by sex

Footnote(s): (a) Since the age of 15. Excludes incidents that occurred 10 years ago or more. (b) About their most recent incident of physical assault by a male. (c) Includes where the respondent contacted the police or where someone else contacted the police. (d) Due to the effect of perturbation the sum of components may add to greater than 100%. For more details, refer to Endnote 1.

Source(s): Personal Safety Survey, 2016



Men who experienced physical assault by a male

Approximately two-thirds of men who experienced physical assault by a male did not contact the police (69% or 908,100). Common reasons for not contacting the police included not regarding the incident as a serious offence (41% or 369,600), and feeling they could deal with it themselves (39% or 353,900).

Of those that contacted the police (32% or 428,600), 31% advised that the perpetrator was charged by the police (131,500).

Police reporting changes between 2012 and 2016 - incidents in last 12 months only Endnote 2

Between 2012 and 2016, there was no significant change in men reporting the most recent incident to police, where the incident occurred in the 12 months prior to the survey. In 2012, an estimated 33% of men reported their most recent incident of physical assault by a male to police, compared to 42% in 2016. Refer to Table 12.

Women who experienced physical assault by a male

An estimated two out of three women who experienced physical assault by a male (69% or 734,500) did not contact the police. Common reasons for not contacting the police included feeling they could deal with it themselves (38% or 278,600), and did not regard the incident as a serious offence (32% or 233,200).

Of those that contacted the police (31% or 328,400), 43% advised that the perpetrator was charged by the police (140,200).

Police reporting changes between 2012 and 2016 - incidents in last 12 months only Endnote 2

Between 2012 and 2016, there was no change in women reporting the most recent incident to police, where the incident occurred in the 12 months prior to the survey. In 2012, an estimated 28% of women reported their most recent incident of physical assault by a male to police, compared to 29% in 2016. Refer to Table 12.


WHETHER PERCEIVED THE MOST RECENT INCIDENT OF PHYSICAL ASSAULT BY A MALE AS A CRIME AT THE TIME

Less than half of men and women who experienced physical assault by a male perceived the most recent incident as a crime at the time that the incident occurred. Refer to Tables 13 and 14.

Graph Image for PERSONS WHO EXPERIENCED PHYSICAL ASSAULT BY A MALE(a), Whether perceived incident as a crime(b)(c) by sex

Footnote(s): (a) Since the age of 15. Excludes incidents that occurred 10 years ago or more. (b) About their most recent incident of physical assault by a male. (c) Persons who could not provide an answer to whether they thought the incident was a crime at the time are not included in this graph.

Source(s): Personal Safety Survey, 2016



Of persons who experienced physical assault by a male, the proportion who perceived the most recent incident as a crime was similar for both men (37% or 495,700) and women (40% or 425,400). However, women were more likely than men to perceive the incident as something that was wrong but not a crime (40% or 425,000 women compared with 26% or 347,700 men) and men were more likely than women to perceive the incident as something that just happens (31% or 405,000 men compared with 13% or 133,100 women).


WHETHER SOUGHT ADVICE OR SUPPORT ABOUT THE MOST RECENT INCIDENT OF PHYSICAL ASSAULT BY A MALE

Women who experienced physical assault by a male were more likely than men to have sought advice or support about the most recent incident. Refer to Tables 15 and 16.

Graph Image for PERSONS WHO EXPERIENCED PHYSICAL ASSAULT BY A MALE(a), Whether sought advice or support(b) by sex

Footnote(s): (a) Since the age of 15. Excludes incidents that occurred 10 years ago or more. (b) About their most recent incident of physical assault by a male. (c) Includes formal and informal sources of advice or support. For further information refer to Glossary.

Source(s): Personal Safety Survey, 2016



Men who experienced physical assault by a male

The majority of men did not seek advice or support about the most recent incident.
  • Approximately two out of three men, who experienced physical assault by a male (63% or 840,100), did not seek advice.
  • Of the estimated 486,400 men who had sought advice or support, just under half sought advice or support from a friend or family member (47% or 228,800).

Women who experienced physical assault by a male

The majority of women did seek advice or support about the most recent incident.
  • An estimated 62% of women who experienced physical assault by a male had sought advice or support (659,000).
  • Of these women, approximately 63% sought advice or support from a friend or family member (417,500).


WHETHER EXPERIENCED ANXIETY OR FEAR FOR PERSONAL SAFETY IN THE 12 MONTHS AFTER THE MOST RECENT INCIDENT OF PHYSICAL ASSAULT BY A MALE

Women who experienced physical assault by a male were twice as likely as men to have experienced anxiety or fear for their personal safety in the 12 months after the most recent incident. Refer to Tables 8 and 9.

An estimated three in five women who experienced physical assault by a male (59% or 623,600) had experienced anxiety or fear in the 12 months after the most recent incident.

Approximately one in four men who experienced physical assault by a male (24% or 316,600) had experienced anxiety or fear after their most recent incident.

Graph Image for PERSONS WHO EXPERIENCED PHYSICAL ASSAULT BY A MALE(a), Whether experienced anxiety or fear(b) by sex

Footnote(s): (a) Since the age of 15. Excludes incidents that occurred 10 years ago or more. (b) In the 12 months after their most recent incident of physical assault by a male.

Source(s): Personal Safety Survey, 2016



ENDNOTES

Endnote 1

To minimise the risk of identifying individuals in aggregate statistics, perturbation has been applied. Perturbation involves a small random adjustment of the statistics and is considered the most satisfactory technique for avoiding the release of identifiable statistics while maximising the range of information that can be released. However as a result, these random adjustments of estimates may result in the sum of components not equalling the total or subtotal. For more details, refer to the Explanatory Notes of this publication.

Endnote 2

For more information on significance testing, refer to the Technical Note page of this publication.