4906.0 - Personal Safety, Australia, 2016  
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FEELINGS OF GENERAL SAFETY – CURRENT STATE OR TERRITORY OF USUAL RESIDENCE

The 2016 Personal Safety Survey (PSS) collected information about men’s and women’s feelings of general safety, in the 12 months prior to the survey for the following situations:
  • waiting for and using public transport alone after dark
  • walking in their local area alone after dark
  • being home alone after dark.

The 2016 Personal Safety Survey (PSS) collects information about a person’s state or territory of usual residence.

The PSS was not designed to produce data at the state and territory level for men, however, some data was able to be produced for the larger population states (New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia and Western Australia). Care should still be used when interpreting this data. Endnote 1 For more information on Sample Design refer to the Methodology page in the Personal Safety Survey, Australia: User Guide, 2016 (cat. no. 4906.0.55.003).


WAITING FOR AND USING PUBLIC TRANSPORT ALONE AFTER DARK Endnote 2

The following section relates to all persons. Refer to Table 5 (SA, WA, TAS, NT and ACT) and Table 6 (NSW, VIC and QLD) of the State and Territory Tables.

The proportion of men who waited for and used public transport alone after dark in the last 12 months increased, between 2005 and 2016, in the following states:
  • New South Wales (from 36% to 45%)
  • Victoria (from 37% to 46%)
  • South Australia (from 24% to 42%).

The proportion of women who waited for and used public transport alone after dark in the last 12 months increased, between 2005 and 2016, for the majority of states:
  • New South Wales (from 25% to 30%)
  • Victoria (from 24% to 33%)
  • South Australia (from 17% to 22%)
  • Western Australia (from 16% to 20%).


Waiting for Public Transport

The following section relates to all persons who waited for public transport alone after dark. Refer to Table 6 (SA, WA, TAS, NT and ACT) and Table 7 (NSW, VIC and QLD) of the State and Territory Tables.

The proportion of men who felt safe, waiting for public transport alone after dark in the last 12 months increased, between 2005 and 2016, in the following states:
  • New South Wales (from 79% to 88%)
  • Victoria (from 75% to 83%).

The proportion of women who felt safe waiting for public transport alone after dark increased, between 2005 and 2016, in the following states:
  • New South Wales (from 55% to 70%)
  • Victoria (from 53% to 68%)
  • Queensland (from 58% to 71%)
  • South Australia (from 49% to 59%)
  • Tasmania (from #58% to 71%).
# Proportion has a margin of error >10 percentage points, which should be considered when using this information.

Graph Image for PERSONS AGED 18 YEARS AND OVER WHO WAITED FOR TRANSPORT(a), Felt safe(b) by sex, States and territories(c), 2005 to 2016

Footnote(s): (a) Waited for public transport alone after dark in the 12 months prior to the survey. Public transport includes buses, trains, trams, taxis, and ferries. (b) Felt safe waiting for public transport alone after dark in the 12 months prior to the survey. (c) The PSS was not designed to produce prevalence data at the state and territory level for men, some data was able to be produced for the larger population states.

Source(s): Personal Safety Survey, 2016




Using Public Transport

The following section relates to all persons who used public transport alone after dark. Refer to Table 6 (SA, WA, TAS, NT and ACT) and Table 7 (NSW, VIC and QLD) of the State and Territory Tables.

In 2016, the proportion of men who felt safe using public transport alone after dark in the last 12 months across all states and territories was similar to the proportion who felt safe nationally (91%) except in Queensland which was higher (95%).

For women, the proportion who felt safe using public transport alone after dark in the last 12 months across the states and territories was similar to the proportion who felt safe nationally (77%).

Between 2005 and 2016, the proportion of men who felt safe using public transport alone after dark in the last 12 months increased in the following states:
  • New South Wales (from 83% to 91%)
  • Queensland (from 88% to 95%).

The proportion of women who felt safe using public transport alone after dark in the last 12 months, increased, between 2005 and 2016, in the following states:
  • New South Wales (from 67% to 78%)
  • Victoria (from 65% to 74%).

Graph Image for PERSONS AGED 18 YEARS AND OVER WHO USED TRANSPORT(a), Felt safe(b) by sex, States and territories(c), 2005 to 2016

Footnote(s): (a) Public transport includes buses, trains, trams, taxis, and ferries. (b) Felt safe using public transport alone after dark in the 12 months prior to the survey. (c) The PSS was not designed to produce prevalence data at the state and territory level for men, some data was able to be produced for the larger population states.

Source(s): Personal Safety Survey, 2016




Reason for not using public transport

The following section relates to all persons. Refer to Table 5 (SA, WA, TAS, NT and ACT) and Table 6 (NSW, VIC and QLD) of the State and Territory Tables.

In 2016, the proportion of men who did not use public transport alone after dark during the last 12 months due to feeling unsafe was lower in Queensland compared to the proportion who felt unsafe nationally (1.7% compared to 2.8% respectively).

In 2016, Victoria (18%) and Western Australia (19%) had a higher proportion of women who did not use public transport alone after dark in the last 12 months due to feeling unsafe, compared to the proportion who felt unsafe nationally (14%). In contrast, the proportion in Queensland (10%), the Australian Capital Territory (10%), and Tasmania (7.8%) was lower.

Between 2005 and 2016, the proportion of men who did not use public transport after dark due to feeling unsafe decreased in the following states:
  • New South Wales (from 4.5% to 2.9%)
  • Queensland (from 3.7% to 1.7%).

The proportion of women who did not use public transport after dark due to feeling unsafe decreased, between 2005 and 2016, in the following states:
  • New South Wales (from 18% to 13%)
  • Queensland (from 16% to 10%)
  • South Australia (from 21% to 13%)
  • Tasmania (from 15% to 7.8%)
  • Victoria (from 21% to 18%)
  • Western Australia (from 26% to 19%).


WALKING IN THE LOCAL AREA ALONE AFTER DARK Endnote 3

The following section relates to all persons. Refer to Table 5 (SA, WA, TAS, NT and ACT) and Table 6 (NSW, VIC and QLD) of the State and Territory Tables.


Persons who walked alone after dark and felt unsafe

Over the last decade, the proportion of men who felt unsafe when walking alone in their local area after dark in the last 12 months decreased in New South Wales (from 8.0% in 2005 to 5.0% in 2016) and Queensland (from 6.8% in 2005 to 3.3% in 2016).

Between 2005 and 2016, the proportion of women who felt unsafe when walking alone in their local area after dark in the last 12 months decreased in the following states and territories:
  • New South Wales (from 9.3% to 6.5%)
  • Western Australia (from 9.1% to 6.5%)
  • Australian Capital Territory (from 11% to 7.3%).


Persons who did not walk alone after dark because felt unsafe

The proportion of men who did not walk alone in their local area after dark in the last 12 months because they felt unsafe remained stable, between 2005 and 2016, across the majority of states.

Between 2005 and 2016, the proportion of women who did not walk alone in their local area after dark in the last 12 months because they felt unsafe has decreased in the following states and territories:
  • New South Wales (from 29% to 23%)
  • Queensland (from 32% to 26%)
  • South Australia (from 36% to 27%)
  • Western Australia (from 36% to 28%)
  • Tasmania (from 27% to 20%)
  • Australian Capital Territory (from 30% to 20%).


HOME ALONE AFTER DARK

The following section relates to all persons. Refer to Table 5 (SA, WA, TAS, NT and ACT) and Table 6 (NSW, VIC and QLD) of the State and Territory Tables.

Between 2005 and 2016, the proportion of men who felt unsafe when home alone after dark in the last 12 months only decreased in New South Wales (from 3.5% to 2.0%).

For the same period, the proportion of women who felt unsafe when home alone after dark in the last 12 months decreased in the following states and territories:
  • New South Wales (13% in 2005 to 8.7% in 2016)
  • Queensland (15% in 2005 to 10% in 2016)
  • South Australia (13% in 2005 to 9.3% in 2016)
  • Western Australia (14% in 2005 to 11% in 2016)
  • Tasmania (13% in 2005 to 8.1% in 2016)
  • Australian Capital Territory (12% in 2005 to 6.0% in 2016).


Graph Image for PERSONS AGED 18 YEARS AND OVER, Did not feel safe home alone(a) by sex, States and territories(b), 2005 to 2016

Footnote(s): (a) Did not feel safe home alone after dark in the 12 months prior to the survey. (b) The PSS was not designed to produce prevalence data at the state and territory level for men, some data was able to be produced for the larger population states.

Source(s): Personal Safety Survey, 2016





ENDNOTES

Endnote 1

While data for men has been produced for the larger population states (New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia and Western Australia), the reliability of this data may vary, and users should remain aware of RSEs and/or MoEs when interpreting this data.

Endnote 2

Public transport includes buses, trains, trams, taxis, and ferries.

Endnote 3

Local area is defined as the neighbourhood or suburb close to home.