4513.0 - Criminal Courts, Australia, 2012-13 Quality Declaration 
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 27/03/2014   
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Custody in a correctional institution

During 2012–13, the median sentence length for custody in a correctional institution was 8 months. This varied by principal proven offence:
  • acts intended to cause injury was 8 months (8,314 defendants or 26%);
  • unlawful entry with intent was 12 months (3,850 defendants or 12%);
  • theft was 4 months (3,132 defendants or 10%);
  • traffic and vehicle regulatory offences was 6 months (3,032 defendants or 9%); and
  • illicit drug offences was 18 months (2,705 defendants or 8%). (Table 53)

Between 2011–12 and 2012–13, the median sentence length for defendants given custody in a correctional institution decreased from 9 months to 8 months. Offences which contributed to this decrease were:
  • sexual assault (down from 32 to 24 months);
  • acts intended to cause injury (down from 9 to 8 months); and
  • dangerous or negligent acts endangering persons (down from 9 to 8 months).

For the same period, the median sentence length increased for two principal proven offences: homicide (from 84 to 96 months) and miscellaneous offences (from 4 to 6 months). (Table 60)

Graph Image for MEDIAN LENGTH OF CUSTODY IN A CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTION, All Courts, Selected principal proven offence

Footnote(s): (a) Data for 2010-11 and 2011-12 exclude partially suspended sentences. Caution should be used when making comparisons across years. (b) Data have been revised. See Explanatory Notes paragraphs 110-115.

Source(s): Criminal Courts, Australia