4364.0.55.009 - Australian Health Survey: Nutrition - State and Territory results, 2011-12  
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South Australia - Key Facts – Food and Nutrients, 2011-12

FOODS CONSUMED

How much food was consumed in South Australia?
  • In South Australia (SA) during 2011-12, people aged two years and over consumed an estimated 3.1 kilograms of foods and beverages (including water) per day, made up of a wide variety of foods.

Foods consumed
In South Australia 6% of people aged two years and over met the recommended usual daily intake of vegetables, which is similar to the national results. However, fewer South Australians met the recommended usual daily intake of fruit when compared to all of Australia (49% compared with 52%).1

Similar proportions consumed the following foods when compared with the national results:
  • ‘Cereals and cereal products’ (89% for both groups)
  • ‘Cereal based products and dishes’ (70% compared with 72%)
  • ‘Meat, poultry and game products and dishes’ (69% for both groups)
  • ‘Milk products and dishes’ (87% compared with 85%)
  • ‘Vegetable products and dishes’ (77% compared with 75%)

South Australians were more likely than all Australians to consume:
  • Coffee (50% compared with 46%)
  • 'Fats and oils' (50% compared with 46%)
  • Dairy milk (72% compared with 68%)
  • Cheese (36% compared with 32%)
  • Potatoes (35% compared with 31%)
  • 'Confectionary' (36% compared with 31%)

South Australians were less likely than all Australians to consume:
  • ‘Fruit products and dishes’ (57% compared with 60%)
    • Apples and pears (23% compared with 26%)
    • Citrus fruit (12% compared with 15%)
  • Yoghurt (14% compared with 16%)
  • Carrot and similar root vegetables (15% compared with 18%)
For the full list of foods consumed see SA Table 3.1.

Graph Image for Persons aged 2 years and over - Proportion consuming selected food groups, South Australia and Australia, 2011-12

Footnote(s): (a) Confectionery and cereal/nut/fruit/seed bars

Source(s): National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey, 2011-12



Discretionary food
  • People in South Australia obtained around one-third (36%) of their daily energy from 'discretionary foods'. This was similar to the Australian average (35%).
  • Adults (aged 19 years and over) in SA obtained 36% of daily energy from discretionary foods. The main food groups contributing to the total energy consumed from discretionary foods were ‘cereal based products and dishes’ (8.9%), ‘alcoholic beverages’ (6.7%) and ‘non-alcoholic beverages’ (3.9%).
  • Children (aged 2-18 years) in SA obtained 39% of daily energy from discretionary foods. The main food group contributing to the total energy consumed from discretionary foods was also ‘cereal based products and dishes’ (12.1%) followed by ‘non-alcoholic beverages’ (4.8%) and ‘confectionary’ (4.5%).
For more information see SA Table 5.1.

ENERGY AND NUTRIENTS

Energy
  • The average energy intake for people aged 19 years and over from SA was similar to the national average for both males (9,578kJ compared with 9,954kJ) and females (7,372kJ compared with 7,420kJ). Total energy intake is likely to be an under-estimate due to under-reporting.
  • Carbohydrates contributed the largest proportion of total energy for South Australians (similar to all Australians), supplying 44% on average with the balance of energy coming from fat (31%), protein (18%) and dietary fibre (2%). Alcohol also provided 5% of energy intake for adults in South Australia. These are within the Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Ranges (with the exception of carbohydrates - 44% compared with 45%) and within the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) recommended alcohol intake.
For more information see SA Table 1.1 and SA Table 2.1.

Selected macro and micro nutrients
  • Almost two in five men (39%) and just over one in four women (26%) in SA consumed alcohol on the day before interview (see SA Table 3.1 for more information).
  • In 2011-12, the average daily consumption of calcium for women aged 19 years and over in South Australia was 761mg. This is below the estimated average requirement (which is 840mg for females aged 19-50 years and 1100mg for females aged 51 years and over). See SA Table 1.1 for more information.
  • Males in SA had an average intake of salt (2,662mg) that exceeded the adult upper level of intake of 2,300mg. See SA Table 1.1 for more information.
FOOD AVOIDANCE
  • In 2011-12, 19% of South Australians aged two years or over reported avoiding particular foods due to allergy or intolerance.
  • Around 5% of people in South Australia avoided particular foods for cultural, religious or ethical reasons.
See SA Table 6.1 for more information.

FOOD SECURITY

Around 3% of people were living in a household in South Australia that, in the previous 12 months, had run out of food and had not been able to afford to buy more and 1.5% went without food when they couldn’t afford to buy any more. See SA Table 7.1 for more information.

FURTHER INFORMATION

See Further information for definitions and more detailed explanations relating to this analysis.

ENDNOTE:
1. The proportion of persons meeting the recommended intakes for fruit and vegetables were sourced from the Australian Health Survey 2011-13 ( 2011-12 Core component).