4125.0 - Gender Indicators, Australia, Aug 2015  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 25/08/2015   
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EARNINGS, INCOME AND ECONOMIC SITUATION

This section on Earnings, Income and Economic situation includes the Key and Related series for the following Indicators:

Earnings
Main source of income at retirement
Superannuation
Economic Resources
Financial Stress



EARNINGS


Key Series


FEMALE TO MALE RATE RATIO (a) OF NON-MANAGERIAL ADULT HOURLY ORDINARY TIME CASH EARNINGS (b)(c)(d)(e)(f)

2006
2008
2010
2012
2014

Rate ratio
Rate ratio
Rate ratio
Rate ratio
Rate ratio

Mean
0.89
0.87
0.89
0.88
0.87
Median
0.92
0.91
0.93
0.91
0.90


(a) The rate ratio is calculated by dividing female earnings for each respective year by male earnings for the same year. For more information see Glossary (Economic security).
(b) Data based on employees. For more information see Glossary (Economic security).
(c) For 2006-2012, adult employees are 21 years of age or over, or employees under 21 years old who are paid at the full adult rate for their occupation. From 2014, the definition of 'Adult rate of pay' excludes employees over 21 years of age on apprentice or trainee, and disability rates of pay.
(d) For a definition of 'Ordinary time cash earnings' see Glossary (Economic security).
(e) Caution should be exercised when comparing data between different years as EEH is not designed as a time series. See Chapter 30 of Labour Statistics: Concepts, Sources and Methods (cat. no. 6102.0.55.001) for further details on these changes.
(f) The survey refers to the last pay period ending on or before 19 May 2006, 15 August 2008, 21 May 2010, 18 May 2012 and 16 May 2014.

Source: ABS data available on request, Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours.





Related Series


FEMALE TO MALE RATE RATIO (a) OF ADULT WEEKLY TOTAL CASH EARNINGS (b)(c)(d)(e)(f)

2006
2008
2010
2012
2014

Rate ratio
Rate ratio
Rate ratio
Rate ratio
Rate ratio

Mean
0.67
0.67
0.69
0.68
0.66
Median
0.72
0.71
0.73
0.72
0.69


(a) The rate ratio is calculated by dividing female earnings for each respective year by male earnings for the same year. For more information see Glossary (Economic security).
(b) Data based on employees. For more information see Glossary (Economic security).
(c) For 2006-2012, adult employees are 21 years of age or over, or employees under 21 years old who are paid at the full adult rate for their occupation. From 2014, the definition of 'Adult rate of pay' excludes employees over 21 years of age on apprentice or trainee, and disability rates of pay.
(d) Total cash earnings of employees is equal to ordinary time earnings plus overtime earnings.
(e) Caution should be exercised when comparing data between different years as EEH is not designed as a time series. See Chapter 30 of Labour Statistics: Concepts, Sources and Methods (cat. no. 6102.0.55.001) for further details on these changes.
(f) The survey refers to the last pay period ending on or before 19 May 2006, 15 August 2008, 21 May 2010, 18 May 2012 and 16 May 2014.

Source: ABS data available on request, Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours.



MAIN SOURCE OF INCOME AT RETIREMENT


Key Series


PERSONS NOT IN LABOUR FORCE, MAIN SOURCE OF PERSONAL INCOME IS SUPERANNUATION OR ANNUITY (a), 65 years and over

2003–04
2005–06
2007–08
2009–10
2011–12

%
%
%
%
%
Males
16.7
16.9
19.3
17.4
18.8
Females
9.3
7.9
9.2
10.3
10.5


(a) Males and females aged 65 years and over and not in labour force with main source of income as superannuation or annuity as a proportion of total population aged 65 years and over and not in labour force for each sex.

Source: ABS data available on request, Survey of Income and Housing.



SUPERANNUATION


Key Series


SUPERANNUATION AT, OR APPROACHING PRESERVATION AGE (55–64 YEARS) (a)(b)(c)

2003-04
2005-06
2009-10
2011-12

Males
Females
Males
Females
Males
Females
Males
Females
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

Mean
160,196
82,675
176,927
108,130
245,743
158,211
252,536
144,461
Median
78,000
36,207
80,000
44,814
116,603
62,000
107,000
64,942


(a) Includes all superannuation accounts whether in accumulation or drawdown phase.
(b) Excludes people with a zero superannuation balance and people without a superannuation account.
(c) Preservation age is the minimum age a super fund member may be able to access their preserved benefits and depends on when they were born. Preservation ages currently range from 55 years to 60 years of age. For further information see Glossary (Economic security).

Source: ABS data available on request, Survey of Income and Housing





Related Series


SUPERANNUATION BALANCE BY AGE GROUP (YEARS) (a)(b)

2003-04
2005-06
2009-10
2011-12

Males
Females
Males
Females
Males
Females
Males
Females
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

15-24
Mean
3,436
2,984
4,218
3,615
5,726
3,873
5,838
4,589
Median
1,960
1,319
2,000
1,700
3,000
2,000
3,000
2,102
25-34
Mean
18,391
14,928
21,912
16,687
26,483
20,203
28,820
21,939
Median
12,000
8,998
15,000
11,000
18,000
13,000
19,000
15,000
35-44
Mean
46,354
23,510
53,662
32,852
63,125
43,646
67,116
49,267
Median
25,245
11,500
30,000
17,000
41,000
24,993
45,394
30,000
45-54
Mean
93,300
43,506
107,575
60,576
126,585
67,161
136,905
80,756
Median
45,000
18,000
52,000
25,000
70,000
33,000
75,000
40,000
55-64
Mean
160,196
82,675
176,927
108,130
245,743
158,211
252,536
144,461
Median
78,000
36,207
80,000
44,814
116,603
62,000
107,000
64,942
65-69
Mean
182,540
131,353
214,104
186,126
302,589
215,009
290,946
228,497
Median
103,023
91,000
121,470
100,000
118,609
149,859
139,985
129,874
70 and over
Mean
136,448
113,892
*229,001
130,698
253,260
216,919
267,198
195,326
Median
98,361
82,000
88,696
78,823
120,000
92,000
101,990
100,000
Total superannuation balance (15+)
Mean
65,587
32,739
78,444
45,508
104,659
65,817
111,749
68,494
Median
21,501
10,000
25,000
14,715
35,025
20,000
40,000
25,000


(a) Includes all superannuation accounts whether in accumulation or drawdown phase.
(b) Excludes people with a zero superannuation balance and people without a superannuation account.

Source: ABS data available on request, Survey of Income and Housing



ECONOMIC RESOURCES


Key Series


PERSONS LIVING IN LOW ECONOMIC RESOURCE (a) HOUSEHOLDS (b), 15 years and over

2003-04
2005-06
2009-10
2011-12

%
%
%
%
Males
18.4
18.4
17.9
18.6
Females
20.6
20.9
20.0
20.1

(a) Persons in the lowest two quintiles of both equivalised adjusted disposable household income (adjusted to include imputed rent) and equivalised household net worth.
(b) Income estimates from 2009-10 and 2011-12 are not directly comparable with estimates for 2003-04 and 2005-06 due to improvements made to measuring income.

Source: ABS data available on request, Survey of Income and Housing.





Related Series


PERSONS LIVING IN LOW INCOME (a) HOUSEHOLDS (b), 15 years and over

2003-04
2005-06
2009-10
2011-12

%
%
%
%
Males
17.2
17.5
17.3
17.8
Females
19.7
19.5
18.5
19.0

(a) Persons in the lowest quintile of equivalised adjusted disposable household income (adjusted to include imputed rent).
(b) Income estimates from 2009-10 and 2011-12 are not directly comparable with estimates for 2003-04 and 2005-06 due to improvements made to measuring income.

Source: ABS data available on request, Survey of Income and Housing.




PERSONS LIVING IN LOW WEALTH (a) HOUSEHOLDS, 15 years and over

2003-04
2005-06
2009-10
2011-12

%
%
%
%
Males
18.1
18.4
17.8
18.7
Females
19.1
19.0
18.6
18.8

(a) Persons in the lowest quintile of equivalised household net worth.

Source: ABS data available on request, Survey of Income and Housing.



FINANCIAL STRESS


Key Series


PERSONS, PROPORTION LIVING IN HOUSEHOLDS WITH ONE OR MORE CASH FLOW PROBLEMS (a)(b)
15 years and over

2003-04
2009-10

%
%

Males
18.5
16.2
Females
20.1
17.2

(a) For definition of 'cash flow problems' see Glossary (Economic Security).
(b) Males and females aged 15 years and over living in households with one or more cash flow problems as a proportion of total population for each sex.

Source: ABS data available on request, Household Expenditure Survey.





Related Series


PERSONS, PROPORTION LIVING IN HOUSEHOLDS UNABLE TO RAISE $2,000 FOR AN EMERGENCY (a)
15 years and over

2003-04
2009-10

%
%

Males
12.2
12.8
Females
14.0
14.4

(a) Males and females aged 15 years and over living in households unable to raise $2,000 for an emergency as a proportion of total population for each sex.

Source: ABS data available on request, Household Expenditure Survey.


Definitions of the concepts presented above can be found in the Economic Security Glossary (under the Explanatory Notes tab). More detailed information can be found in the Economic Security Data Cube (under the Downloads tab).