DEMOCRACY, GOVERNANCE AND CITIZENSHIP GLOSSARY
An index that tracks the top 200 companies listed on the Australian Stock Exchange. The top 200 companies are based on their market capitalisation i.e. the number of shares on issue multiplied by the current share price.
Participation in civil society. Civil society is 'the non-government and not-for-profit groups and organisations that have a presence in public life, expressing the interests of their members and others in society' (World Bank 2006).
The Australian Electoral Commission (AEC) maintains and updates the Commonwealth electoral roll - a list of eligible persons who are registered to vote in Australian elections. You cannot vote at an election unless your name is on the electoral roll. Australian citizens over 18 years of age (with a few exceptions) must enrol to vote.
British subjects, resident in Australia, who were on a Commonwealth electoral roll as at 25 January 1984 can also vote in Australian elections.
Federal Parliamentary election candidates
The number of people standing as candidates for election at Australian federal Parliamentary elections, including both the House of Representatives and the Senate.
Gross national income (GNI)
This measures the total domestic and foreign value added claimed by residents. GNI comprises Gross Domestic Product (GDP) plus net receipts of primary income from non-resident sources. It is the aggregate value of gross primary incomes for all institutional sectors, including net primary income receivable from non-residents. Gross National Income was formerly called gross national product (GNP). GDP is the total market value of goods and services produced in Australia within a given period after deducting the cost of goods and services used up in the process of production but before deducting allowances for the consumption of fixed capital.
IDEA framework for democracy assessment
The International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA) was founded in 1995 and is an intergovernmental organisation with 21 member states including Australia, Canada, India, Mexico, Spain and Sweden. IDEA’s role is supporting sustainable democracy in both new and long-established democracies and they have developed a framework for assessing democracy built around 14 key dimensions (IDEA 2001):
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