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1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2012  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 24/05/2012   
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Mining

PRODUCTION AND TRADE – MINERALS, OIL AND GAS

PRODUCTION OF MINERAL, OIL AND GAS COMMODITIES

Tables 18.15 and 18.16 show the quantity and value respectively of selected minerals, oil and gas produced in Australia.

In the period 2004–05 to 2008–09, the most significant increases in production were for liquefied natural gas (58%) and iron ore and concentrate (38%). Manganese ore (20%), bauxite (14%), natural gas (12%), saleable black coal (12%), condensate (11%), zinc (6%) and zircon (3%) also increased in production.

Production of diamonds, leucoxene, gold, silver, lead, ilmenite, salt, uranium, crude oil and copper decreased between 2004–05 and 2008–09, with the largest falls recorded for diamonds (34%), leucoxene (30%), gold (16%) and silver (15%).

18.15 MINERAL, OIL AND GAS PRODUCTION, Quantity

Units
2004–05
2005–06
2006–07
2007–08
2008–09
Percentage change from
2004–05 to 2008–09

METALLIC MINERALS
Bauxite
Mt
57
61
63
66
65
14.0
Copper (metal content)
'000 t
894
920
832
849
881
–1.5
Gold (metal content)
t
255
247
248
228
213
–16.5
Iron ore and concentrate
Mt
236
246
262
298
325
37.7
Lead (metal content)
'000 t
643
703
602
609
554
–13.8
Nickel (metal content)
'000 t
180
184
174
172
180
Silver (metal content)
t
2 226
2 007
1 731
2 002
1 903
–14.5
Uranium oxide
t
10 963
9 949
9 581
10 089
10 284
–6.2
Zinc (metal content)
'000 t
1 184
1 216
1 240
1 413
1 254
5.9

FUEL MINERALS
Black coal (saleable)
Mt
305
311
326
326
340
11.5
Brown coal
Mt
67
68
66
66
68
1.6
Crude oil
ML
20 864
18 772
21 229
19 903
20 014
–4.1
Condensate
ML
7 927
8 087
8 352
8 365
8 829
11.4
Natural gas
Mm3
23 847
23 838
28 310
26 556
26 669
11.8
Liquefied natural gas
'000 t
11 038
12 543
15 203
15 124
17 489
58.4
Liquefied petroleum gas
'000 t
2 588
2 781
2 756
2 543
2 630
1.6

INDUSTRIAL MINERALS
Diamonds
'000 c
22 800
29 777
24 618
16 528
15 166
–33.5
Ilmenite
'000 t
860
744
1 313
1 060
762
–11.3
Leucoxene
'000 t
71
77
61
82
50
–29.8
Manganese ore
'000 t
3 606
3 826
4 564
5 010
4 329
20.0
Phosphate rock
'000 t
1 936
2 083
2 131
2 157
1 963
1.4
Salt
'000 t
12 186
11 467
11 229
11 278
11 314
–7.2
Zircon
'000 t
471
455
433
518
484
2.7

Source: Australian Industry, 2008–09 (8155.0).


The largest increases in percentage terms in the value of minerals production in the period 2004–05 to 2008–09 were for iron ore and concentrate (311%), manganese ore (293%), saleable black coal (247%), liquefied natural gas (174%), uranium oxide (118%) and salt (86%). Decreases were recorded for the value of nickel (11%) and leucoxene (14%).

18.16 MINERAL, OIL AND GAS PRODUCTION, Value

2004–05
2005–06
2006–07
2007–08
2008–09
Percentage change from
2004–05 to 2008–09
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
%

METALLIC MINERALS
Bauxite
862
875
847
799
855
–0.8
Copper (metal content)
3 777
6 290
7 559
7 456
5 775
52.9
Gold (metal content)
4 635
5 609
6 514
6 769
8 260
78.2
Iron ore and concentrate
8 330
12 897
15 958
22 422
34 217
310.8
Lead (metal content)
830
1 015
1 301
2 000
1 112
34.0
Nickel (metal content)
3 613
3 816
8 401
5 567
3 210
–11.1
Silver (metal content)
666
801
908
1 116
1 073
61.0
Uranium oxide
463
530
664
882
1 007
117.5
Zinc (metal content)
1 852
3 484
5 846
4 180
2 377
28.3

FUEL MINERALS
Black coal (saleable)(a)
17 720
26 317
24 373
27 663
61 392
246.5
Brown coal
843
851
1 016
1 247
np
np
Condensate
3 101
4 045
4 237
5 352
4 156
34.0
Crude oil
8 471
10 080
11 193
13 506
11 971
41.3
Liquefied natural gas
3 953
4 930
5 543
6 380
10 830
174.0
Liquefied petroleum gas
1 315
2 002
1 858
2 146
2 029
54.3
Natural gas
2 445
2 547
2 954
2 854
3 646
49.1

INDUSTRIAL MINERALS
Diamonds
468
np
np
361
432
–7.7
Ilmenite
np
np
119
np
97
np
Leucoxene
22
24
22
22
19
–13.6
Manganese ore
479
478
1 135
1 310
1 880
292.5
Phosphate rock
135
94
96
97
147
8.9
Salt
222
237
242
248
412
85.6
Synthetic rutile
401
419
393
382
414
3.2

np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated
(a) Excludes production from Tasmania.
Source: Australian Industry, 2008–09 (8155.0).


As few minerals can be directly used in the form in which they are mined, most undergo processing and treatment before use.

Table 18.17 shows the production of the main manufactured products of mineral origin.

18.17 PRODUCTION OF PRINCIPAL MANUFACTURED PRODUCTS, By mineral origin

Units
2005–06
2006–07
2007–08
2008–09
2009–10

Metals
Non-ferrous
Alumina
’000 t
17 826
18 506
19 359
19 597
20 057
Refined aluminium
’000 t
1 912
1 954
1 964
1 974
1 920
Refined copper
’000 t
461
435
444
499
395
Lead bullion
’000 t
141
114
152
155
148
Refined lead
’000 t
234
191
203
213
189
Refined zinc
’000 t
446
496
507
506
515
Refined tin
t
736
321
na
na
na
Ferrous
Iron and steel
’000 t
7 886
8 010
8 151
5 568
6 886
Precious
Refined gold
t
380
360
364
386
356
Refined silver
t
655
618
605
751
701
Petroleum
Petroleum products
Diesel automotive oil
ML
10 154
11 055
12 177
12 231
11 720
Industrial and marine diesel fuel
ML
31
21
3
13
3
Fuel oil(a)
ML
1 048
942
979
872
846
Automotive gasoline
ML
16 528
17 732
17 079
17 159
16 771
Building Materials
Clay bricks (standard brick equivalent)
million
1 606
1 570
1 459
1 369
1 424
Portland cement
’000 t
8 910
9 380
9 752
9 108
8 903
Chemicals
Single superphosphate
’000 t
1 309
944
1 413
1 961
2 136

na not available
(a) Excludes refinery fuel.
Source: Production of Selected Construction Materials, June 2011 (8301.0); Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences (ABARES), Australian Mineral Statistics, March Quarter 2011.


EXPORTS OF MINERAL, OIL AND GAS COMMODITIES

Tables 18.18 and 18.19 show the quantity and value respectively of the main mineral, oil and gas commodities exported from Australia. In 2009–10, black coal (including metallurgical and thermal) was the largest export earner ($36 billion), followed by iron ore and pellets ($35b), refined gold ($13b), crude oil and other refinery feedstock ($10b), liquid natural gas (LNG) ($8b), copper ($7b), alumina ($5b) and aluminium ($4b).

18.18 EXPORTS OF MAJOR MINERALS, OIL AND GAS, Quantity

Units
2006–07
2007–08
2008–09
2009–10

Alumina
kt
15 056
15 739
16 395
16 653
Aluminium (ingot metal)
kt
1 638
1 650
1 748
1 624
Coal, black
Metallurgical
Mt
132
137
125
157
Thermal
Mt
112
115
136
135
Copper
kt
699
732
815
805
Diamonds
'000 c
24 632
16 528
16 279
10 355
Gold, refined
t
400
382
437
335
Iron and steel
Iron ore and pellets
Mt
257
294
324
390
Iron and steel
kt
2 648
2 131
1 741
1 549
Lead
kt
635
588
645
658
Manganese ore and concentrate
kt
4 667
5 105
3 226
5 648
Nickel
kt
207
212
194
221
Oil and gas
Crude oil and other refinery feedstock
ML
15 965
15 975
16 588
18 064
LNG
Mt
15
14
15
18
LPG
ML
2 824
2 589
2 500
2 776
Salt
kt
10 749
10 686
10 978
11 185
Tin
t
1 867
3 079
4 159
6 031
Titanium minerals
Ilmenite concentrate
kt
999
894
1 538
1 763
Rutile concentrate
kt
307
399
550
575
Uranium oxide
t
9 519
10 139
10 114
7 555
Zinc
kt
1 321
1 507
1 471
1 482
Zircon concentrate
kt
555
637
685
748

Source: Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences (ABARES), Australian Mineral Statistics, March Quarter 2011.

18.19 EXPORTS OF MAJOR MINERALS, OIL AND GAS, Value

Value
2006–07
2007–08
2008–09
2009–10

Alumina
$m
6 243
5 809
6 015
4 969
Aluminium (ingot metal)
$m
5 650
4 967
4 724
3 838
Coal, black
Metallurgical
$m
15 039
15 996
36 813
24 526
Thermal
$m
6 758
8 364
17 885
11 886
Copper
$m
6 526
6 728
5 863
6 506
Diamonds
$m
726
664
676
471
Gold, refined
$m
10 320
10 903
16 146
12 996
Iron and steel
Iron ore and pellets
$m
15 512
20 423
34 239
34 515
Iron and steel
$m
1 743
1 562
1 363
1 120
Lead
$m
1 579
2 050
1 637
1 833
Manganese ore and concentrate
$m
482
1 532
1 406
1 395
Nickel
$m
8 469
5 653
2 705
3 875
Oil and gas
Crude oil and other refinery feedstock
$m
8 317
10 487
8 757
9 534
LNG
$m
5 222
5 854
10 079
7 789
LPG
$m
1 038
1 182
1 044
1 105
Salt
$m
239
232
237
247
Tin
$m
25
42
70
101
Titanium minerals
Ilmenite concentrate
$m
113
104
171
197
Rutile concentrate
$m
259
277
335
382
Uranium oxide
$m
660
887
990
751
Zinc
$m
4 298
3 352
1 858
2 214
Zircon concentrate
$m
478
421
540
370

Source: Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences (ABARES), Australian Mineral Statistics, March Quarter 2011.


Graph 18.20 shows the value of Australia's four largest mineral exports during the period 2001–02 to 2009–10. The value of exports of black coal, iron ore and pellets, crude oil and other refinery feedstock and refined gold have all grown over this period, with iron ore and pellets recording the largest increase (569%), followed by black coal (173%) and refined gold (163%). Crude oil and other refinery feedstock increased 49% for the same period. The increases in the value of black coal exports in 2004–05 and 2005–06 were due to an increase in unit values of metallurgical and thermal coal.

The value of coal exports in 2008–09 was more than double that of the previous year (an increase of 124%), mainly due to higher commodity prices. However, in 2009–10, despite a 26% increase in volume of metallurgical coal exports, the value of total coal exports declined by 33%, due to lower unit values. In 2008–09, the value of iron ore exports increased 68% due to increased production and higher prices. The following year, increased volume of iron ore and pellets exported just off-set the fall in prices to see total value of exports rise marginally.

Graph 18.20 EXPORTS OF SELECTED MINERALS



The major markets for Australian mineral, oil and gas exports for the period 1994–95 to 2009–10 were China (excludes SARs and Taiwan), Japan, India and Korea, Republic of (South) (graph 18.21).

Up until 2008–09, Japan had been the main destination for Australian minerals. However, for the first time, 2009–10 saw the value of exports of minerals to China ($37.7b) exceed those to Japan ($31.2b). China is a major export destination for iron ore, zinc ores concentrates, coal and copper.

Japan continues to be a major destination for aluminium, coal and iron ore and other refinery feedstock. Korea, Republic of (South) is a major buyer of Australian iron ore, lead ores and concentrates, refined lead metal and crude oil and other refinery feedstock. India imports large quantities of Australian coal, gold bullion and copper concentrates.

18.21   EXPORTS OF MINERAL COMMODITIES, By country of destination



IMPORTS OF MINERALS, OIL AND GAS COMMODITIES

Table 18.22 provides details of the quantity and value of the major commodities imported in the period 2006–07 to 2009–10. In terms of value, the largest imports for 2009–10 were for crude oil and other refinery feedstock ($15b), followed by gold ($8b). The major sources of imports of crude oil and other refinery feedstock in 2009–10 were Malaysia, Indonesia, Vietnam and the United Arab Emirates, which collectively represented 63% of the total import quantity for this commodity.

18.22 IMPORTS OF MAJOR MINERALS, OIL AND GAS

Units
2006–07
2007–08
2008–09
2009–10

QUANTITY

Diamonds
'000 c
3 430
2 964
767
1 024
Gold
na
na
na
na
na
Iron and steel
Iron ore and pellets
kt
4 722
4 401
3 599
5 094
Iron and steel
kt
2 318
1 848
2 082
1 736
Petroleum
Crude oil and other refinery feedstock
ML
25 345
26 222
24 302
27 284
LPG
ML
748
965
1 002
1 067
Automotive gasoline
ML
2 912
3 533
4 087
3 884
Aviation turbine fuel
ML
1 045
1 846
2 026
2 168
Diesel fuel
ML
5 439
7 470
8 246
8 668
Fuel oil
ML
1 363
1 625
1 682
1 797
Lubricants
ML
365
396
369
415
Other products
ML
2 146
2 147
2 285
1 966
Phosphate rock
kt
472
707
540
85
Platinum and platinum group metals
kg
4 571
2 518
1 203
2 461

VALUE

Diamonds
$m
397
444
417
442
Gold
$m
5 309
7 311
11 250
7 739
Iron and steel
Iron ore and pellets
$m
338
311
269
259
Iron and steel
$m
2 479
2 225
3 191
1 889
Petroleum
Crude oil and other refinery feedstock
$m
13 360
17 149
14 727
15 031
LPG
$m
261
436
382
405
Automotive gasoline
$m
1 872
2 719
2 784
2 447
Aviation turbine fuel
$m
668
1 505
1 393
1 283
Diesel fuel
$m
3 466
6 155
6 314
5 270
Fuel oil
$m
536
831
867
910
Lubricants
$m
495
477
629
519
Other products
$m
1 285
1 331
2 927
1 683
Phosphate rock
$m
32
80
193
10
Platinum and platinum group metals
$m
186
111
29
92

na not available

Source: Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences (ABARES), Australian Mineral Statistics, March Quarter 2011.


Graph 18.23 shows imports of selected major minerals, oil and gas during the period 2001–02 to 2009–10. Crude oil and other refinery feedstock continues as Australia's highest value imported mineral commodity. Gold still ranks second despite a 31% fall in imports in 2009–10. Imports of diesel fuel, automotive gasoline, and iron ore and steel showed little fluctuation over the last two years.

18.23 Imports of selected mineral commodities

 

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Statistics contained in the Year Book are the most recent available at the time of preparation. In many cases, the ABS website and the websites of other organisations provide access to more recent data. Each Year Book table or graph and the bibliography at the end of each chapter provides hyperlinks to the most up to date data release where available.


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