DISABILITY - EDUCATION AND EMPLOYMENT
Access to education is important in helping individuals to reach their full potential, while access to employment is essential in achieving greater economic independence and inclusion.
According to the SDAC, between 2009 and 2012 the labour force participation of Australians aged 15 to 64 years remained steady for those with disability (54% in 2009 and 53% in 2012), albeit below those without disability (83% in 2012). Labour force participation for women with disability remained steady over this period at 49%, but had declined for men with disability (from 60% to 57%). The labour force participation rate also remained steady for people with either a profound or a severe core activity limitation (at 20% and 36%, respectively, in 2012). However, the rate of unemployment for those with disability had increased (9.4% in 2012 compared with 7.8% in 2009) while remaining steady for those without disability (4.9% in 2012 and 5.1% in 2009). (Table 9)
In 2012, of those people aged 15 to 64 years who were employed and living in households, a greater proportion of people with disability reported working part-time (40%) compared with those without disability (30%). (Table 9)
In 2012, the proportion of Australians aged 15 to 64 years, living in households, who had completed high school (year 12 or equivalent) had increased since 2003. For people with disability, this increased from 30% in 2003 to 36% in 2012. The increase was more marked in those without disability, where the proportion of people completing high school increased from 49% in 2003 to 60% in 2012. In addition, a smaller proportion of people with disability in this age group had a bachelor degree or higher compared with those without disability (15% compared with 26%), while a larger proportion of people with disability had attained a certificate level qualification (26% compared with 21%). (Table 7)