4602.3 - Queensland Water and Energy Use and Conservation, Oct 2009 Quality Declaration 
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Contents >> Energy Use >> Whitegoods

WHITEGOODS

In October 2009, almost all of the 1,654,000 households in Queensland had a refrigerator (99.6% or 1,647,600 households) and a washing machine (98.5% or 1,629,600). Half (50%) of all Queensland households (821,200) had a dishwasher and 58% (957,800) had a clothes dryer. There were 41% (672,700) of Queensland households that had a separate freezer (table 3.1).

PROPORTION OF HOUSEHOLDS, Type of whitegood: Qld - Oct. 2009
Graph: PROPORTION OF HOUSEHOLDS, Type of whitegood: Qld—Oct. 2009



Selected whitegoods by household characteristics

Tenure type

In Queensland in October 2009 there were 586,500 households in owner occupied dwellings which were being paid off. Of these, 69% (402,400) had a clothes dryer, 65% (380,900) had a dishwasher and 46% (269,900) had a separate freezer. Of the 550,300 households which owned the dwelling outright, 58% (318,400) had a clothes dryer, 48% (264,700) had a dishwasher and 46% (255,300) had a separate freezer. There were 486,200 households in dwellings being rented in Queensland in October 2009 with 45% (220,000) having a clothes dryer, 34% (165,600) having a dishwasher and 28% (135,000) having a separate freezer (table 3.1).

Proportion of households, Tenure type - Selected whitegoods: Qld - Oct. 2009
Graph: Proportion of households, Tenure type—Selected whitegoods: Qld—Oct. 2009


Annual household income

In October 2009, Queensland households with an annual income of $110,000 or more per year, were more likely to have a clothes dryer and/or a dishwasher than households with an annual income of less than $25,000 per year.

Only 39% (128,700) of Queensland households that reported an annual household income of less than $25,000 per year had a clothes dryer. In comparison, 75% (202,400) of households with the highest income level ($110,000 or more per year) had a clothes dryer.

About one quarter (24% or 77,300) of Queensland households with an annual household income of less than $25,000 per year had a dishwasher, while about three quarters (75% or 203,400) of households with the highest income level ($110,000 or more per year) had a dishwasher (table 3.2).


Selected characteristics of whitegoods

Washing machine

In October 2009, almost all households in Queensland had a washing machine (99% or 1,629,600). The majority of these households (69% or 1,122,200) averaged five or less loads of washing per week, with 31% (500,600) averaging more than five loads per week (table 3.3).

Proportion of households, Number of washing loads: Qld - Oct. 2009
Graph: Proportion of households, Number of washing loads: Qld—Oct. 2009


Households with children aged under 15 years were more likely to do more loads of washing than other households. Of the 468,600 households with a washing machine and at least one child aged under 15 years, 60% (282,800) averaged more than five loads of washing per week. (table 3.3).

Proportion of households, Number of washing loads - Whether any children aged under 15 years in household: Qld - Oct. 2009
Graph: Proportion of households, Number of washing loads—Whether children in household: Qld—Oct. 2009

Of the 1,629,600 households that had a washing machine, 27% (447,500) used a front loading machine and 73% (1,182,100) used a top loading machine (including twin tubs). The most common number of washing loads for both front loading and top loading machines was three to five loads per week, 44% (195,500) and 43% (510,600) respectively.

For households with a top loading washing machine, 28% (331,100) did more than five loads per week. In comparison, of the 447,500 households that used a front loading washing machine, 38% (169,400) did more than five loads per week (table 3.4).

Proportion of households, Number of washing loads - Type of washing machine: Qld - Oct. 2009
Graph: Proportion of households, Number of washing loads—Type of washing machine: Qld—Oct. 2009


Clothes dryer

In October 2009, 58% (957,800) of all households in Queensland had a clothes dryer. Of these, 26% (247,400) used their clothes dryer at least once a week. About half (50% or 476,900) did not have a regular frequency of use and reported the use of their clothes dryer depended on the weather or season. Of all households that had a clothes dryer, about one in ten (10% or 93,000) never used it.

Households without children aged under 15 years were more likely to never use their clothes dryer (12% or 75,700) than households that had children aged under 15 years (5% or 17,300) (table 3.5).

Dishwasher

There were 821,200 Queensland households that had a dishwasher in October 2009, which represented 50% of total households. Of the households with a dishwasher, 36% (292,400) used it daily and a further 28% (231,100) used it three or more times a week, but not daily. More than one in ten households with a dishwasher (13% or 106,000) reported they never used it.

Of households with a dishwasher, those with children aged under 15 years were more likely than those without children aged under 15 years to use it daily. The proportion of households with children aged under 15 years that used their dishwasher daily (58% or 162,200) was more than twice the proportion of households without children aged under 15 years that used it daily (24% or 130,200) (table 3.6).

Of households receiving less than $25,000 household income per year that had a dishwasher, 13% (10,300) used it daily, while 28% (21,300) reported they never used it. In comparison, 48% (98,500) of households receiving $110,000 or more per year that had a dishwasher reported they used it daily, while 8% (16,500) never used it (table 3.7).

Proportion of Households, Daily dishwasher use, Annual household income: Qld - Oct. 2009
Graph: Proportion of Households, Daily dishwasher use, Annual household income: Qld—Oct. 2009


Refrigerator

In October 2009, almost all households in Queensland (99.6% or 1,647,600) had at least one refrigerator (table 3.1).

There were 998,500 households (60%) that had one refrigerator only, 593,100 households (36%) which had two refrigerators and a further 56,000 households (3%) with three or more refrigerators (table 3.8).

Proportion of households, Refrigerators used: Qld - Oct. 2009
Graph: Proportion of households, Refrigerators used: Qld—Oct. 2009


Age of main and second refrigerator

In October 2009, there were 648,800 (39%) Queensland households that reported the age of their main, or only, refrigerator was one year to less than five years. A further 30% (494,200) reported the age of their main refrigerator was five years to less than ten years, while 21% (349,600) reported it was aged ten years or more. The remaining 8% (125,100) reported their main refrigerator to be less than one year old (table 3.9).

In comparison with the age of second refrigerators, of the 649,100 households that had two or more refrigerators, 45% (290,600) reported the age of their second refrigerator was ten years or more. There were 25% (164,700) that reported their second refrigerator was aged five years to less than ten years and a further 25% (162,200) reported it was aged one year to less than five years. The remaining 3% (19,200) reported their second refrigerator was less than one year old (table 3.10).

Proportion of households with main or second refrigerator, Age of refrigerator: Qld - Oct. 2009
Graph: Proportion of households with main or second refrigerator, Age of refrigerator: Qld—Oct. 2009


Separate freezer

The survey asked if the household used any separate freezers apart from the freezer compartment in a refrigerator. In October 2009, there were 599,400 households that used one separate freezer, representing 36% of all Queensland households, while only 4% (71,000) used two or more separate freezers. The remaining 60% (983,700) of households either did not use their separate freezer or did not have one.

In Brisbane, 31% (225,400) of households used one separate freezer, while 2% (12,500) used two or more. In comparison, for the balance of Queensland, 41% (374,000) used one separate freezer and 6% (58,400) used two or more (table 3.11).

Proportion of households, Number of separate freezers - Brisbane and Balance of Qld - Oct. 2009
Graph: Proportion of households, Number of separate freezers—Brisbane and Balance of Qld—Oct. 2009

3.1 HOUSEHOLDS, Type of whitegood - Tenure type: Qld - Oct. 2009

Washing
machine
Clothes
dryer
Dishwasher
Refrigerator
Separate
freezer
Total households
(a)(b)

Number ('000)
Being paid off
582.7
402.4
380.9
585.1
269.9
586.5
Owned outright
547.5
318.4
264.7
548.9
255.3
550.3
Rented(c)
469.8
220.0
165.6
483.5
135.0
486.2
Other
29.6
17.0
10.0
30.1
12.5
31.0
Total
1 629.6
957.8
821.2
1 647.6
672.7
1 654.0
Proportion (%)
Being paid off
99.3
68.6
64.9
99.8
46.0
100.0
Owned outright
99.5
57.9
48.1
99.7
46.4
100.0
Rented(c)
96.6
45.3
34.1
99.4
27.8
100.0
Other
95.6
54.9
32.2
97.1
40.3
100.0
Total
98.5
57.9
49.6
99.6
40.7
100.0

(a) Includes households that had none of these whitegoods.
(b) May not add to sum of components as households may have more than one whitegood.
(c) Includes rent free

3.2 HOUSEHOLDS, Type of whitegood - Annual household income: Qld - Oct. 2009

Washing
machine
Clothes
dryer
Dishwasher
Refrigerator
Separate
freezer
Total households
(a)(b)

Number ('000)
Less than $25,000
314.5
128.7
77.3
324.9
119.6
327.6
$25,000 to less than $50,000
371.1
199.0
150.9
375.0
162.7
376.3
$50,000 to less than $70,000
255.1
157.4
140.0
257.8
100.5
258.8
$70,000 to less than $110,000
351.5
232.9
215.0
351.1
150.7
352.0
$110,000 or more
271.6
202.4
203.4
271.1
115.5
271.6
Total(c)
1 629.6
957.8
821.2
1 647.6
672.7
1 654.0
Proportion (%)
Less than $25,000
96.0
39.3
23.6
99.2
36.5
100.0
$25,000 to less than $50,000
98.6
52.9
40.1
99.6
43.2
100.0
$50,000 to less than $70,000
98.6
60.8
54.1
99.6
38.8
100.0
$70,000 to less than $110,000
99.9
66.2
61.1
99.7
42.8
100.0
$110,000 or more
100.0
74.5
74.9
99.8
42.5
100.0
Total(c)
98.5
57.9
49.6
99.6
40.7
100.0

(a) Includes households that had none of these whitegoods.
(b) May not add to sum of components as households may have more than one whitegood.
(c) Includes households with no income, amount of regular income not known and refusals.

3.3 HOUSEHOLDS WITH WASHING MACHINE, Number of washing loads per week -
Whether children aged under 15 years in the household: Qld - Oct. 2009

Less than 3 loads
per week
3 to 5 loads
6 to 10 loads
11 loads or more
Total(a)

Number ('000)
Children(b)
21.4
163.3
214.4
68.4
468.6
Without children(c)
394.6
542.9
191.4
26.5
1 161.0
Total
416.1
706.2
405.8
94.9
1 629.6
Proportion (%)
Children(b)
4.6
34.9
45.8
14.6
100.0
Without children(c)
34.0
46.8
16.5
2.3
100.0
Total
25.5
43.3
24.9
5.8
100.0

(a) Includes households with number of loads not known.
(b) At least one household resident aged 0-14 years, See Glossary for definition of 'Children under the age of 15 years'.
(c) No household resident aged 0-14 years See Glossary for definition of 'Children under the age of 15 years'.

3.4 HOUSEHOLDS WITH WASHING MACHINE, Number of washing loads per week - Type of washing machine: Qld - Oct. 2009

Less than 3 loads
3 to 5 loads
6 to 10 loads
11 loads or more
Total(a)

Number ('000)
Top loading(b)
335.9
510.6
269.5
61.6
1 182.1
Front loading
80.1
195.5
136.2
33.2
447.5
Total
416.1
706.2
405.8
94.9
1 629.6
Proportion (%)
Top loading(b)
28.4
43.2
22.8
5.2
100.0
Front loading
17.9
43.7
30.4
7.4
100.0
Total
25.5
43.3
24.9
5.8
100.0

(a) Includes households with number of loads not known.
(b) Includes twin tub type washing machines.

3.5 HOUSEHOLDS WITH CLOTHES DRYER, Frequency of clothes dryer use -
Whether children aged under 15 years in the household: Qld - Oct. 2009

At least once a week
At least
once a fortnight
At least
once a month
Less than
one month
Depends on
the weather/season
Never
Total

Number ('000)
Children(a)
96.1
17.2
20.7
13.6
159.5
17.3
324.4
Without children(b)
151.2
23.1
25.4
40.5
317.4
75.7
633.3
Total
247.4
40.3
46.1
54.2
476.9
93.0
957.8
Proportion (%)
Children(a)
29.6
5.3
6.4
4.2
49.2
5.3
100.0
Without children(b)
23.9
3.6
4.0
6.4
50.1
12.0
100.0
Total
25.8
4.2
4.8
5.7
49.8
9.7
100.0

(a) At least one household resident aged 0-14 years. See Glossary for definition of 'Children under the age of 15 years'.
(b) No household resident aged 0-14 years. See Glossary for definition of 'Children under the age of 15 years'.

3.6 HOUSEHOLDS WITH DISHWASHER, Frequency of dishwasher use - Whether children aged under 15 years in the household: Qld - Oct. 2009

Daily
Three or more times a week
(but not daily)
Once or twice
a week
Less often than
once a week
Never
Total(a)

Number ('000)
Children(b)
162.2
64.1
16.4
13.9
24.5
281.2
Without children(c)
130.2
166.9
100.3
59.0
81.5
540.0
Total
292.4
231.1
116.7
73.0
106.0
821.2
Proportion (%)
Children(b)
57.7
22.8
5.8
5.0
8.7
100.0
Without children(c)
24.1
30.9
18.6
10.9
15.1
100.0
Total
35.6
28.1
14.2
8.9
12.9
100.0

(a) Includes frequency of use not known.
(b) At least one household resident aged 0-14 years. See Glossary for definition of 'Children under the age of 15 years'.
(c) No household resident aged 0-14 years. See Glossary for definition of 'Children under the age of 15 years'.

3.7 HOUSEHOLDS WITH DISHWASHER, Frequency of dishwasher use - Annual household income: Qld - Oct. 2009

Daily
Three or more times a week
(but not daily)
Once or twice
a week
Less often than
once a week
Never
Total(a)

Number ('000)
Less than $25,000
10.3
16.7
16.2
12.3
21.3
77.3
$25,000 to less than $50,000
37.4
46.2
28.7
16.2
22.4
150.9
$50,000 to less than $70,000
42.8
42.7
20.5
13.2
20.7
140.0
$70,000 to less than $110,000
90.1
63.3
24.9
16.3
20.3
215.0
$110,000 or more
98.5
56.2
19.7
11.0
16.5
203.4
Total(b)
292.4
231.0
116.7
73.0
106.0
821.2
Proportion (%)
Less than $25,000
13.3
21.6
21.0
15.9
27.6
100.0
$25,000 to less than $50,000
24.8
30.6
19.0
10.7
14.8
100.0
$50,000 to less than $70,000
30.6
30.5
14.7
9.5
14.8
100.0
$70,000 to less than $110,000
41.9
29.5
11.6
7.6
9.5
100.0
$110,000 or more
48.4
27.6
9.7
5.4
8.1
100.0
Total(b)
35.6
28.1
14.2
8.9
12.9
100.0

(a) Includes frequency of use not known.
(b) Includes households with no income, amount of regular income not known and refusals.

3.8 HOUSEHOLDS, Refrigerators used: Qld - Oct. 2009

One refrigerator
Two refrigerators
Three or more refrigerators
No refrigerator
Total

Number ('000)
998.5
593.1
56.0
*6.4
1 654.0
Proportion (%)
60.4
35.9
3.4
*0.4
100.0

* estimate has a relative standard error of 25% to 50% and should be used with caution

3.9 HOUSEHOLDS WITH REFRIGERATOR, Age of main refrigerator: Qld - Oct. 2009

Less than one year
One year to
less than five years
Five years to
less than ten years
Ten years or more
Total(a)

Number ('000)
125.1
648.8
494.2
349.6
1 647.6
Proportion (%)
7.6
39.4
30.0
21.2
100.0

(a) Includes age of main refrigerator not known.

3.10 HOUSEHOLDS WITH SECOND REFRIGERATOR, Age of second refrigerator: Qld - Oct. 2009

Less than one year
One year to
less than five years
Five years to
less than ten years
Ten years or more
Don't know
Total

Number ('000)
19.2
162.2
164.7
290.6
12.4
649.1
Proportion (%)
3.0
25.0
25.4
44.8
1.9
100.0


3.11 HOUSEHOLDS, Separate freezers used: Brisbane(a) and Balance of Qld - Oct. 2009

No separate freezers
at all or used
One separate freezer
Two or more
separate freezers
Total

Number ('000)
Brisbane(a)
493.0
225.4
12.5
730.9
Balance of Queensland
490.7
374.0
58.4
923.2
Total
983.7
599.4
71.0
1 654.0
Proportion (%)
Brisbane(a)
67.5
30.8
1.7
100.0
Balance of Queensland
53.2
40.5
6.3
100.0
Total
59.5
36.2
4.3
100.0

(a) Refers to the Brisbane Major Statistical Region.






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