This chapter presents information on the mobility of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people by comparing a person's place of usual residence in 2006 and 2001 as reported in the 2006 Census. Information relating to people who changed their place of usual residence between 2001 and 2006 is restricted to people who were aged 5 years or older in 2006. Excluded from the analysis are people with no place of usual residence for any of the above periods.
In the 2006 Census, people were asked to report their address of usual residence at three points in time: on Census night, one year previously, and five years previously. Analysing changes in usual residence data is one approach to understanding longer term mobility. Short term movements (of less than one year) cannot be determined from Census data.
Care should be taken in interpreting mobility data as there were differences in question wording for the place of usual residence data one and five years ago between the mainstream Census form and the Interviewer Household Form (IHF) used in discrete Indigenous communities. On the mainstream form, any address changes were reported, while on the IHF change of address within a community was not recorded, however a change of community, or town/city, was recorded.
Proportions presented in this chapter exclude not stated responses, and are therefore calculated using only known responses. Where possible, the numbers of unknown responses are noted in the tables, allowing further analysis if required.