1. House Standing Committee on Family, Community, Housing and Youth. 2010, Avoid the Harm – Stay Calm: Report on the inquiry into the impact of violence on young Australians, Canberra.
2. White, R. & Perrone, S. 1997, Crime and social control: An introduction. Oxford University Press. Melbourne
3. Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2009, Recorded Crime – Offenders, 2007-08, cat. no. 4519.0, ABS, Canberra.
4. Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2010, Recorded Crime – Offenders, 2008-09, cat. no. 4519.0, ABS, Canberra.
5. Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2011, Recorded Crime – Offenders, 2009-10, cat. no. 4519.0, ABS, Canberra.
6. Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2010, Crime Victimisation Australia, 2008-09, cat. no. 4530.0, ABS, Canberra.
7. Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2011, Crime Victimisation, Australia 2009-10, cat. no. 4530.0, ABS, Canberra.
8. Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2011, Australian and New Zealand Standard Offence Classification (ANZSOC), 2011, cat. no. 1234.0, ABS, Canberra.
9. Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2011, Measuring Victims of Crime: A Guide to Using Administrative and Survey data, cat. no. 4500.0.55.001
10. Victimisation rates
The level of victimisation can be expressed in more than one way. The most common measure derived from crime victim surveys is prevalence, that is, the number of the relevant population that have been a victim of a given crime at least once in the reference period. This is known as the 'victimisation rate'. Victimisation rates used in this publication represent the prevalence of selected crimes in Australia, and are generally expressed as a percentage of the total relevant population.
11. Sexual assault
Only those aged 18 years and over were asked questions on sexual assault.
12. Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2011, Recorded Crime – Victims, 2010, cat. no. 4510.0, ABS, Canberra.
13. Differences between survey and administrative data
Recorded Crime – Victims, Australia presents crime statistics relating to victims of a selected range of personal and household offences that have been recorded by police. Data includes only those incidents that were reported to police, whereas the data from Crime Victimisation, Australia contains information about incidents including those that were not reported to police. It is important to note that due to this difference in scope, along with other differences in methodology, coverage and definitions, this data is not directly comparable with the survey data. However, the administrative data can complement the survey data presented for sexual assault.
14. Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2010, Australian Demographic Statistics, 2009, cat. no. 3101.0. ABS, Canberra.
15. Offender rates
Offender rates are expressed as offenders per 100,000 of the ABS Estimated Resident Population (ERP). These rates generally accord with international and state and territory practice, and enable the comparison of the extent and type of offending across the individual states and territories, as well as a comparison over time.
Rates for the offender population are calculated using the ERP as at the midpoint of the reference period (i.e. 31 December 2009). The ERP used in the calculation of these rates are for persons aged 10 years and over for all states and territories. Where rates are presented for an age group or a single year of age, the ERP used in the calculation of the rates refers to the relevant age group or single year of age.
For more information on ERP, see Australian Demographic Statistics, December quarter, 2009 (cat. no. 3101.0). For the offenders collection, all estimates and projections for the Australian Capital Territory exclude Jervis Bay Territory.
16. Reporting rates
Reporting rates used in this publication are expressed as the percentage of victims who reported the most recent incident of crime to police.