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4125.0 - Gender Indicators, Australia, Jul 2012  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 27/07/2012   
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NOT FULLY ENGAGED IN EDUCATION AND/OR EMPLOYMENT


KEY SERIES


NOT FULLY ENGAGED IN EDUCATION AND/ OR EMPLOYMENT(a), 15-19 years

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011

%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%

Males
11.9
12.3
13.2
11.8
11.7
12.2
10.7
14.1
15.3
12.7
Females
14.1
14.1
15.1
16.1
14.7
13.4
14.3
17.0
14.3
15.6


(a) Males and females not fully engaged in education and/or employment as a proportion of persons aged 15-19 years for each sex.

Source: ABS Education and Work, Australia, 2011 (cat. no. 6227.0).



RELATED SERIES


NOT FULLY ENGAGED IN EDUCATION AND/ OR EMPLOYMENT(a), 20-24 years

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011

%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%

Males
18.3
18.7
17.7
16.9
16.9
14.2
14.8
20.2
18.1
17.9
Females
27.5
27.5
27.4
26.2
25.4
25.9
24.4
24.3
25.8
27.2


(a) Males and females not fully engaged in education and/or employment as a proportion of persons aged 20-24 years for each sex.

Source: ABS Education and Work, Australia, 2011 (cat. no. 6227.0).


COMMENTARY


YOUNG PEOPLE NOT FULLY ENGAGED IN EDUCATION AND/OR EMPLOYMENT


In 2011, the majority of males and females aged 15-19 years were fully engaged in education and/ or employment, but a small proportion of males (13%) and females (16%) were not engaged. The proportions of males and females not fully engaged in education and/or employment were higher for the 20-24 year age group than for the 15-19 year age group, with a higher proportion of females (27%) in this age group not being fully engaged in education and/or employment than of males (18%).

Levels of participation in education and the labour market are frequently used indicators of the wellbeing of young people. Research suggests that young people who are not fully engaged in education or employment (or a combination of both) are at greater risk of unemployment, cycles of low pay, and employment insecurity in the longer term. Participation in education and training, and engaging in employment, are considered important aspects of developing individual capability and building a socially inclusive society. (Endnote 1)

Over the last decade (2002-2011), the proportion of 15-19 year old males and females not fully engaged in education and/or employment has remained relatively stable, except in 2009 where there was an increase of between 3 and 4 percentage points respectively. This reflected the change in market circumstances at that time. (Endnote 1)

It is not surprising that the proportions of males and females not fully engaged in education and/or employment were lower in the 15-19 year age group than in the 20-24 year age group as the majority of those aged 15-19 years were still attending school.



In 2011, there were a greater proportion of 20-24 year old females (27%) not fully engaged in education and/or employment compared to males (18%). Differences in non-engagement between males and females at this age may, in part, be a reflection of the greater likelihood of females being a carer of young children. (Endnote 1) However, a higher proportion of not fully engaged males in this age group (56%) neither worked nor studied compared to females (48%). Rates of part-time study in this age group were higher for not fully engaged females (7%) compared to males (2%). Similar proportions of not fully engaged 20-24 year old males (41%) and females (45%) undertook part-time work only. (Endnote 2)
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians aged 15-19 years were more likely to not be fully engaged in education and/or employment, compared to the total population aged 15-19 years. In 2008, about one-third of young Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander males and females aged 15-19 years were not fully engaged. The proportions of young Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander males and females aged 15-19 years who were not fully engaged declined from 39% of males and 47% of females in 2002, to 31% of males and 35% of females in 2008.

Compared to 15-19 year olds, there were higher proportions of young Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander males and females in the 20-24 year age group who were not fully engaged. In 2008, over half of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples aged 20-24 years were not fully engaged. A higher proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander females (73%) were not engaged compared to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander males (53%).




ENDNOTES

1. Australian Bureau of Statistics, March 2010, Australian Social Trends, Mar 2010, (cat. no. 4102.0) <www.abs.gov.au>.
2. Australian Bureau of Statistics, Data available on request, Survey of Education and Work, 2011.

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