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1380.0.55.008 - Perspectives on Regional Australia: Business Owners in Regions, 2011  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 20/08/2013  First Issue
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WHAT INDUSTRIES DO BUSINESS OWNERS WORK IN?


Business owners tended to work in different industries from the overall working population, as presented in the graph below. Across Australia in 2011, the main industry in which business owners worked was construction (21% of all business owners), followed by professional, scientific and technical services (10%) and agriculture, forestry and fishing (9%). This differed from the main industries of employment in Australia, which were health care and social assistance (12%), retail trade (11%) and manufacturing (9%). Nine percent of business owners worked in the other services industry, providing a diverse range of services, including hairdressing and beauty services and automotive repair and maintenance.



EMPLOYMENT BY INDUSTRY, Australia - 2011

Graph: EMPLOYMENT BY INDUSTRY, Australia - 2011
(a) Business owners refers to persons whose main job in the week before Census was as an owner-manager of an unincorporated business.
Source: ABS, Census of Population and Housing 2011.


REGIONAL VARIATION IN INDUSTRIES OF EMPLOYMENT

As the table below shows, while the proportion of business owners working in the construction industry was high in all regions in 2011, there were clear regional differences in some industries such as agriculture, forestry and fishing and professional, scientific and technical services.

Greater Darwin had the highest proportion of business owners in the construction industry (27%) followed by Greater Perth (26%). The rest of South Australia (16%) and Greater Sydney (17%) had the lowest proportion of business owners in construction.

Between 2006 and 2011, the number of business owners in the construction industry grew in some regions, such as the rest of the Northern Territory (by 19%), and fell in others such as the Australian Capital Territory (by 12%). This differed from the overall number of workers employed in construction, which increased between 2006 and 2011 in all regions. The number of construction workers increased most in the rest of Western Australia (by 40%) and least in Greater Sydney and the rest of New South Wales (both 8%).

Unsurprisingly, the proportion of business owners in agriculture, forestry and fishing was much higher in rest of state and territory regions than in the capital cities. The region with the largest proportion of business owners in this industry was the rest of South Australia (35%).

Between 2006 and 2011, the number of business owners in agriculture, forestry and fishing decreased in all regions, except the rest of the Northern Territory, where it grew by 17%, from 130 to 152 people. The number of business owners in agriculture, forestry and fishing fell most in the Australian Capital Territory (27%, from 113 to 82), Greater Darwin (24%, from 172 to 131) and the rest of Western Australia (22%, from 8410 to 6600). The decrease in the number of business owners in agriculture, forestry and fishing reflected changes in employment among the overall working population in most regions, as the number of people who worked in this industry declined in all regions except Greater Hobart, where there was a small (2%) increase, from 1488 to 1514 people.

Capital cities had higher proportions of business owners in professional, scientific and technical services than rest of state regions. Greater Sydney had the highest proportion (15%), while the rest of South Australia had the lowest proportion (3%).

The number of business owners in professional, scientific and technical services grew in all regions between 2006 and 2011, with the fastest growth in the rest of the Northern Territory (41%), the rest of Western Australia (24%) and in the rest of South Australia (23%). This increase was part of an overall increase in the number of people working in professional, scientific and technical services, which increased in every region, especially Greater Perth (34%), the rest of Western Australia (31%) and Greater Brisbane (30%).

The proportion of business owners who worked in other services as their main job was similar in capital city and rest of state and territory regions and ranged from 7% in the rest of Western Australia to 10% in Greater Brisbane, Greater Adelaide and the rest of the Northern Territory. These business owners provided services such as hairdressing and beauty services and automotive repair and maintenance, which are important in every community and therefore tended to be present in similar proportions in most regions.

Between 2006 and 2011, the number of business owners who worked in other services increased in all regions and this reflected increases in overall employment in other services.


EMPLOYMENT IN SELECTED INDUSTRIES, Percentage of Business Owners by GCCSA(a)(b) - 2011

Region
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing
Construction
Other Services
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services
Administrative and Support
Services
Health Care and Social Assistance
Retail Trade
Other Industries(c)
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%

New South Wales
Greater Sydney
1
17
8
15
7
9
8
32
Rest of NSW
18
20
8
7
6
7
8
24
Victoria
Greater Melbourne
1
21
9
14
7
9
7
28
Rest of Vic.
26
20
8
6
5
5
7
21
Queensland
Greater Brisbane
2
21
10
12
8
8
7
29
Rest of Qld.
13
21
9
8
7
6
7
26
South Australia
Greater Adelaide
3
23
10
10
7
9
7
28
Rest of SA
35
16
8
3
5
4
8
19
Western Australia
Greater Perth
1
26
9
11
7
7
7
30
Rest of WA
27
21
7
5
5
4
7
22
Tasmania
Greater Hobart
3
24
9
11
5
9
9
28
Rest of Tas.
17
20
9
6
5
6
9
26
Northern Territory
Greater Darwin
3
27
9
10
8
7
6
28
Rest of NT
8
22
10
7
7
7
7
29
Australian Capital Territory
1
24
8
14
7
9
6
29
Australia(d)
9
21
9
10
7
7
7
27

(a) Business owners refers to persons whose main job in the week before Census was as an owner-manager of an unincorporated business.
(b) Greater Capital City Statistical Areas are defined in the Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS): Volume 1 - Main Structure and Greater Capital City Statistical Areas, 2011.
(c) Other Industries includes: mining; manufacturing; electricity, gas, water and waste services; wholesale trade; accommodation and food services; transport, postal and warehousing; information media and telecommunications; financial and insurance services; rental, hiring and real estate services; public administration and safety; education and training and arts and recreation services. Although some of these industries are important sources of employment for Australia's overall working population, none of these industries represented a major source of employment for business owners. Each of these industries accounted for less than 6% of the business owners in Australia in 2011.
(d) Australia includes Other Territories.
Source: ABS, Census of Population and Housing, 2011.

MAIN INDUSTRIES OF EMPLOYMENT


This section presents the regional pattern of employment of business owners in the three major industries in which business owners worked, in 2011, as their main job: construction; agriculture, forestry and fishing; and professional, scientific and technical services. For each SA4, data for all industries are provided in the datacube available on the downloads tab.

Construction

In Australia in 2011, 21% of business owners worked in the construction industry. These business owners provided services such as house construction, carpentry, painting and decorating, electrical, plumbing, tiling and carpeting and landscape construction. Among SA4s, the proportion of business owners who worked in construction varied considerably, from 8% in Sydney - City and Inner South (NSW) to 34% in Mandurah (WA), south of Perth. The SA4s with the highest proportions of business owners in construction were located in and around capital cities, in rural Western Australia and in the Northern Territory.


PERCENTAGE OF BUSINESS OWNERS IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY BY SA4(a) - 2011

Map: PERCENTAGE OF BUSINESS OWNERS IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY BY SA4(a) - 2011
(a) Business owners refers to persons whose main job in the week before Census was as an owner-manager of an unincorporated business.


The SA4s with the highest proportions of business owners working in the construction industry are shown in the table below. Business owners in these regions mainly worked in house construction and bricklaying, electrical, carpentry, and painting and decorating services. All of these SA4s were located in capital cities, except Bunbury (WA), which is located south of Perth in Western Australia.


PERCENTAGE OF BUSINESS OWNERS IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY
,
Highest SA4s(a)(b) - 2011

Top 10 SA4s
%

Mandurah (WA)
34
Perth - North West (WA)
31
Mornington Peninsula (Vic.)
31
Logan - Beaudesert (Qld.)
30
Melbourne - Outer East (Vic.)
29
Moreton Bay - North (Qld.)
28
Adelaide - North (SA)
27
Bunbury (WA)
27
Darwin (NT)
27
Adelaide - South (SA)
27

(a) Business owners refers to persons whose main job in the week before Census was as an owner-manager of an unincorporated business.
(b) Statistical Areas level 4 are defined in the Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS): Volume 1 - Main Structure and Greater Capital City Statistical Areas, 2011. See explanatory notes for more information.
Source: ABS, Census of Population and Housing, 2011.

Agriculture, forestry and fishing


Nine percent of business owners in Australia worked in agriculture, forestry and fishing in 2011. These business owners managed farms which mainly produced commodities such as beef cattle, sheep, dairy cattle and grains such as wheat and barley. The SA4s with the highest proportions of business owners in agriculture, forestry and fishing were located in rest of state and territory regions throughout Australia.


PERCENTAGE OF BUSINESS OWNERS IN THE AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY AND FISHING INDUSTRY BY SA4(a) - 2011

Map: PERCENTAGE OF BUSINESS OWNERS IN THE AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY AND FISHING INDUSTRY BY SA4(a) - 2011
(a) Business owners refers to persons whose main job in the week before Census was as an owner-manager of an unincorporated business.


The SA4s with the highest proportions of business owners in agriculture, forestry and fishing are shown below. Darling Downs - Maranoa, a rural region in south eastern Queensland which produces cattle, cotton and wheat, had the highest proportion of business owners in agriculture, forestry and fishing (46%). Warrnambool and South West (Vic.), where business owners mainly farmed dairy cattle, beef cattle and sheep, had the second highest proportion of business owners in agriculture forestry and fishing (45%).


PERCENTAGE OF BUSINESS OWNERS IN THE AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY AND FISHING INDUSTRY
,
Highest SA4s(a)(b) - 2011

Top 10 SA4s
%

Darling Downs - Maranoa (Qld.)
46
Warrnambool and South West (Vic.)
45
North West (Vic.)
43
Western Australia - Wheat Belt (WA)
42
Queensland - Outback (Qld.)
39
Far West and Orana (NSW)
39
Barossa - Yorke - Mid North (SA)
37
New England and North West (NSW)
35
Riverina (NSW)
34
South Australia - Outback (SA)
34

(a) Business owners refers to persons whose main job in the week before Census was as an owner-manager of an unincorporated business.
(b) Statistical Areas level 4 are defined in the Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS): Volume 1 - Main Structure and Greater Capital City Statistical Areas, 2011. See explanatory notes for more information.
Source: ABS, Census of Population and Housing, 2011.
Professional, scientific and technical services

In 2011, 10% of Australian business owners worked in the professional, scientific and technical services industry. These business owners provided services such as accounting, legal, computer system design, management advice and consulting services. The SA4s with the highest proportions of business owners in professional, scientific and technical services were located in capital cities (see the state and territory maps for further detail). Professional, scientific and technical services accounted for between 2% of business owners in Queensland - Outback (Qld.) and 27% in Sydney - North Sydney and Hornsby (NSW).


PERCENTAGE OF BUSINESS OWNERS IN THE PROFESSIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL SERVICES INDUSTRY BY SA4(a) - 2011

Map: PERCENTAGE OF BUSINESS OWNERS IN THE PROFESSIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL SERVICES INDUSTRY BY SA4(a) - 2011
(a) Business owners refers to persons whose main job in the week before Census was as an owner-manager of an unincorporated business.


Most of the SA4s with the highest proportions of business owners in professional, scientific and technical services in 2011, presented in the table below, were located in the capital cities of Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane. The types of professional, scientific and technical services provided by business owners in these regions mainly included legal and accounting services. This was the case in Sydney - North Sydney and Hornsby, where over a quarter (27%) of business owners worked in this industry.

Outside of the capital cities, two SA4s had high proportions of business owners in professional, scientific and technical services: the Gold Coast (11%) and the Sunshine Coast (10%), in Queensland. These business owners mainly provided accounting, computer system design and management advisory services.


PERCENTAGE OF BUSINESS OWNERS IN THE PROFESSIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL SERVICES INDUSTRY
,
Highest SA4s(a)(b) - 2011

Top 10 SA4s
%

Sydney - North Sydney and Hornsby (NSW)
27
Melbourne - Inner (Vic.)
25
Brisbane Inner City (Qld.)
25
Perth - Inner (WA)
24
Sydney - Eastern Suburbs (NSW)
24
Sydney - City and Inner South (NSW)
23
Melbourne - Inner East (Vic.)
21
Brisbane - West (Qld.)
20
Melbourne - Inner South (Vic.)
19
Sydney - Inner West (NSW)
19

(a) Business owners refers to persons whose main job in the week before Census was as an owner-manager of an unincorporated business.
(b) Statistical Areas level 4 are defined in the Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS): Volume 1 - Main Structure and Greater Capital City Statistical Areas, 2011. See explanatory notes for more information.
Source: ABS, Census of Population and Housing, 2011.

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