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1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2012  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 24/05/2012   
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Geography and Climate

INTERNATIONAL COMPARISONS

Australia has the sixth highest land area of all countries in the world at nearly 8 million square kilometres. It is exceeded only by Brazil, China, the United States of America, Canada and Russia. Tables 1.15 and 1.16 show the area of Australia relative to that of other continents and countries.


1.15 AREA OF CONTINENTS

'000 sq km

Continents
Asia
44 900
Africa
30 300
North America
24 700
South America
17 800
Antarctica
14 000
Europe
9 900
Australia and Oceania
8 500
Total landmass
150 100

Source: Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc.



1.16 AREA OF SELECTED COUNTRIES

'000 sq km

COUNTRIES (SEVEN LARGEST)

Russia
17 075
Canada
9 971
United States of America
9 809
China
9 556
Brazil
8 512
Australia
7 692
India
3 204

SELECTED OTHER COUNTRIES

Indonesia
1 904
France
547
Papua New Guinea
462
Japan
377
Germany
357
Malaysia
330
Philippines
299
New Zealand
268
United Kingdom
242
Timor-Leste
14

Source: Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc.


Table 1.17 shows global and continental temperature anomalies from 1910 to 2010. Globally, and for all continents, the temperature deviation increases in each decade from the 1980s to the 2000s (compared with the average temperature between 1961 and 1990). For individual years, from 1990 to 2010, all global temperature deviations, and almost all continental deviations, are positive.


1.17 GLOBAL AND CONTINENTAL TEMPERATURE ANOMALIES, Temperature deviation(a)

Global
Europe
Asia
Africa
North America
South America
Period
°C
°C
°C
°C
°C
°C

10-YEAR PERIODS

1910–19
–0.39
–0.37
–0.52
–0.36
–0.47
–0.43
1920–29
–0.28
–0.25
–0.28
–0.29
–0.23
–0.45
1930–39
–0.13
0.24
–0.26
–0.14
0.12
–0.18
1940–49
–0.06
–0.26
–0.12
0.03
0.17
–0.03
1950–59
–0.13
–0.14
–0.32
–0.13
0.03
–0.22
1960–69
–0.09
–0.12
–0.18
–0.13
–0.14
0.05
1970–79
–0.07
0.01
–0.11
–0.10
–0.19
–0.14
1980–89
0.10
0.03
0.16
0.16
0.23
0.03
1990–99
0.25
0.44
0.52
0.36
0.42
0.19
2000–09
0.43
1.02
0.93
0.75
0.58
0.36

YEARS

1990
0.27
1.02
0.64
0.42
0.26
0.07
1991
0.24
0.41
0.39
0.19
0.45
0.13
1992
0.08
0.46
0.01
0.01
0.13
–0.11
1993
0.10
–0.09
0.11
0.25
0.17
0.07
1994
0.18
0.47
0.42
0.14
0.43
0.31
1995
0.30
0.91
0.94
0.43
0.49
0.28
1996
0.18
–0.17
0.17
0.37
–0.30
0.03
1997
0.36
0.28
0.71
0.50
0.33
0.46
1998
0.51
0.24
0.90
0.78
1.36
0.62
1999
0.28
0.90
0.87
0.48
0.88
0.06
2000
0.27
1.28
0.58
0.38
0.52
–0.01
2001
0.41
0.79
0.86
0.66
0.79
0.37
2002
0.48
0.96
1.14
0.73
0.46
0.47
2003
0.48
0.80
0.85
0.80
0.59
0.44
2004
0.43
0.87
0.98
0.72
0.40
0.44
2005
0.52
0.95
0.91
0.94
0.91
0.49
2006
0.46
0.90
0.82
0.73
1.09
0.48
2007
0.46
1.42
1.39
0.85
0.61
0.17
2008
0.36
1.33
1.06
0.71
0.16
0.24
2009
0.47
0.94
0.73
0.99
0.23
0.46
2010
0.53
0.68
0.92
1.29
0.83
0.49

(a) Temperatures are shown as anomalies (or deviations) from 1961–90 base period.

Source: Australian Bureau of Meteorology.

 

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Statistics contained in the Year Book are the most recent available at the time of preparation. In many cases, the ABS website and the websites of other organisations provide access to more recent data. Each Year Book table or graph and the bibliography at the end of each chapter provides hyperlinks to the most up to date data release where available.

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