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Heart, stroke and vascular disease encompasses a range of circulatory conditions including ischaemic heart diseases, cerebrovascular diseases, oedema, heart failure, and diseases of the arteries, arterioles and capillaries. Most commonly this group of conditions is referred to under the broader term of 'heart disease' (or 'cardiovascular disease'). Heart disease remains one of the leading causes of death worldwide, and therefore an emphasis has been placed around preventing its onset through modifying risk factors such as healthy eating, exercise and avoidance of smoking.
In 2011-12, 5.0% of persons aged 2 years and over (1.1 million people) had heart disease. The prevalence of heart disease amongst persons aged 2 years and over remained stable between 2007-08 and 2011-12 (5.4% in 2007-08).
The proportion of people with heart disease increased steadily with age. More than one quarter (29.2%) of all Australians aged 75 years and over had heart disease, and the highest rate was for men aged 85 years and over (47.1%). Heart disease was more common amongst men (5.5%) than women (4.5%).
Footnote(s): (a) Includes heart attack and other ischaemic heart diseases, stroke and other cerebrovascular diseases, oedema, heart failure and diseases of the arteries, arterioles and capillaries.
Source(s): Australian Health Survey: Updated Results, 2011-12
The proportion of people with heart disease increased as the level of disadvantage increased. People living in areas of most disadvantage were more likely to have heart disease compared with those living in areas of least disadvantage (6.5% compared with 3.3%).
In 2011-12, of those who had a heart, stroke or vascular condition:
Footnote(s): As persons can report having more than one type of heart, stroke and vascular condition, summing the types of heart,stroke and vascular disease will result in a higher total than the total number of persons with heart, stroke and vascular conditions.
Source(s): Australian Health Survey, Updated Results, 2011-12
For more information see Table 8: Selected long-term health conditions by age and sex and Table 9: Selected long-term health conditions by selected population characteristics.