8104.0 - Research and Experimental Development, Businesses, Australia, 2015-16 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 15/09/2017   
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GROSS EXPENDITURE ON R&D (GERD)

Gross expenditure on R&D (GERD) represents the total expenditure devoted to R&D by the Business, Government, Higher Education and Private Non-Profit sectors.

Until 2008-09, GERD was produced every second year. Results were published in the Research and Experimental Development, Australia, All Sector Summary (cat. no. 8112.0) last released in October 2010. Following changes in the ABS work program for R&D statistics, it is no longer possible to derive a comparable estimate of GERD in the same manner.

Given continuing interest to understand total expenditure on R&D across the Business, Government, Higher Education and Private Non-Profit sectors, the following estimates have been modelled. For more information on the methodology used, please refer to the Explanatory Notes tab.

GERD 2015-16


The 2015-16 GERD for Australia is estimated at $31,179 million, a decrease of $2,293 million (7%) from 2013-14.

GERD, by sector

2006-07
2008-09
2010-11
2011-12
2013-14
2015-16
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Business
12 639
17 291
18 007
18 321
18 849
16 659
Government
3 095
3 420
(a) 3 833
r3 549
(a) 3 752
(a) 3 959
Higher education
5 434
6 844
8 161
(a) 8 885
(a) 9 919
(a) 9 549
Private non-profit
609
744
(a) 914
r944
(a) 952
(a) 1 011
Total(b)
21 777
28 299
(a) 30 915
(a) r31 699
(a) 33 472
(a) 31 179

r revised
(a) These estimates have been modelled.
(b) Where figures have been rounded, discrepancies may occur between the sum of the component items and totals.

GERD AND GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT (GDP)


GERD as a proportion of GDP decreased from 2.11% in 2013-14 to 1.88% in 2015-16.

GERD, as a proportion of GDP(a)

2006-07
2008-09
2010-11
2011-12
2013-14
2015-16
%
%
%
%
%
%

GERD/GDP
2.00
2.25
2.19
2.12
2.11
1.88

(a) Refer to the Explanatory Notes for details.