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The types of custodial orders issued varied across principal offences. Custody in a correctional institution was the most common principal sentence for those guilty of robbery and extortion offences (36%), followed by unlawful entry with intent (31%). Sexual assault and homicide were the principal offences with the highest proportions of fully suspended sentences (19% and 18% respectively) (Table 3.7).
The proportion of male defendants who received a custodial sentence was double that of women (10% and 5% respectively). Of the 36,158 males who were sentenced to a custodial order, over half (51%) were sentenced to custody in a correctional institution. In contrast, the majority of females issued with custodial orders were given fully suspended sentences (54%) (Table 3.9).
The majority of guilty defendants (91% or 424,374) were given non-custodial sentences, such as community supervision or work orders, monetary orders, or good behaviour bonds. This proportion has not changed since 2005-06.
The most common non-custodial sentence was a monetary order, with over two-thirds (70% or 326,798) of defendants proven guilty receiving this sentence (Table 3.1).
Proportionally, monetary orders were most commonly issued to defendants guilty of traffic offences (83%), public order (77%) and dangerous and negligent acts (76%) (Table 3.7).
Community supervision or work orders were the most common non-custodial sentence for those guilty of robbery and extortion offences (27%) and unlawful entry with intent (23%).
There were some differences across age groups in the types of non-custodial orders issued. Defendants aged under 25 years had a higher proportion of community supervision/work orders (6% of defendants in this age group) than those aged 45 years and over (3%) (Table 3.9).