The gross value of Australian crops increased by 2% to $25.6 billion in 2011-12.
The gross value of wheat decreased by 4% nationally, to $6.8 billion. The value of wheat was greatest in Western Australia, doubling to $2.8 billion as a result of increased production in that state.
Generally favourable seasonal conditions resulted in increased yields for the majority of crops nationally, which led to increases in gross value. These included cotton (up by 23% to $2.3 billion due to a record harvest in 2012), canola (up by 37% to $1.8 billion) and oats (up by 15% to $255 million).
The gross value of fruit and nuts excluding grapes remained steady at $3.0 billion. Both oranges and bananas recovered from a poor year in 2010-11. Production for both crops was close to normal levels after the impacts of the cyclone and/or flooding the previous year. The gross value of oranges increased by 52% to $301 million; the value of bananas increased by 48% to $467 million. However, the gross value of apples fell by 22% to $464 million, with high production in some states leading to a fall in prices for apples generally.
The gross value of vegetables remained steady at $3.3 billion. Increases in value were seen in carrots (up by 65% to $215 million) and potatoes (up 13% to $626 million), but decreases were seen for tomatoes (down by 16% to $352 million) and onions (down by 22% to $213 million).
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