Infant mortality refers to the deaths of persons aged under twelve months. A high degree of caution should be exercised in regard to interpreting Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander infant deaths data. In addition to the data quality issues that impact on Indigenous deaths data generally, data on infant mortality by Indigenous status is subject to the high variability caused by small numbers. Infant mortality counts have been aggregated for the period of 2007-2011 to add robustness to otherwise small counts. See Explanatory Notes 68-76 for further information.
For 2007-2011, the infant mortality rate for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians was just under twice that of non-Indigenous Australians (7.4 per 1,000 compared with 3.9 per 1,000). Of the 526 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander infant deaths registered from 2007-2011, just over half (268) were attributed to Conditions originating in the perinatal period (P00-P96).