Australian Bureau of Statistics

Rate the ABS website
ABS Home > Statistics > By Catalogue Number
4901.0 - Children's Participation in Cultural and Leisure Activities, Australia, Apr 2012 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 31/10/2012   
   Page tools: Print Print Page Print all pages in this productPrint All RSS Feed RSS Bookmark and Share Search this Product

GLOSSARY

Accessed the Internet

Including situations where a parent is present teaching the child or where the parent is operating the mouse or keyboard under the child's direction. Excluding situations where the child is only observing the parent accessing the Internet.

Area of usual residence

Area of usual residence has been reclassified since the 2009 survey (this change specifically affects NT and ACT). See Glossary entries for Capital city and Balance of state/territory for further information.

Athletics, track and field

Includes fun runs, little athletics, marathons and running for athletics.

Australian Rules football

Includes Auskick.

Balance of state/territory

Comprises the balance of Australia not included in Capital city.

Basketball

Includes indoor and outdoor basketball.

Bike riding

Includes both organised and non-organised bike riding activities.

Capital city

Comprises the Australian Capital Territory, the Major Statistical Regions of Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide and Perth, and the Statistical Divisions of Greater Hobart and Darwin, as defined in the Australian Standard Geographical Classification (ASGC), July 2011 (cat. no. 1216.0).

Couple family

For the purposes of this publication, a family consisting of two persons in a registered marriage or de facto relationship and at least one child aged 5-14 years who is usually resident in the household. The family may also include any number of other dependants, non-dependants and other related individuals.

Cycling

Organised bike riding. Includes BMX and mountain bike riding. Non-organised cycling is included in the selected recreational activity 'Bike riding'.

Dancing

The interpretation of the term 'dancing' was left to the respondent. If the respondent queried the definition they were advised it included formal dancing lessons (e.g. ballet), musicals and eisteddfods where the child's predominant activity was dancing. The dancing must have occurred outside of school hours and may have included lessons, practicing and performances.

Desktop computer

Including PC (personal computer) and Mac desktop computers.

Drama

Interpretation of the term 'drama' was left to the respondent. If the respondent queried the definition they were advised it included acting; costume design, set design, props and construction; lighting and front of house activities (e.g. organising venues, production and distribution of programs, ticket sales, ushering). The activity must have occurred outside of school hours and may have included lessons, practicing and performances.

Educational activities

Including ABC and early learning programs, online school classes, educational games, YouTube videos watched for educational purposes and using search engines to research information for school related projects or homework.

Employed

Persons who, during the reference week:

  • worked for one hour or more for pay, profit, commission or payment in kind in a job or business, or on a farm (comprising employees, employers and own account workers)
  • worked for one hour or more without pay in a family business or on a farm (i.e. contributing family workers)
  • were employees who had a job but were not at work and were:
      • away from work for less than four weeks up to the end of the reference week
      • away from work for more than four weeks up to the end of the reference week and received pay for some or all of the four week period to the end of the reference week
      • away from work as a standard work or shift arrangement
      • on strike or locked out
      • on workers' compensation and expected to return to their job, or
  • were employers or own account workers who had a job, business or farm, but were not at work.

Football sports

Includes American football, Gaelic football, Gridiron, Oztag, USA football and other football sports (excluding rugby, soccer and Australian Rules football).

Games console

Including Playstation, Nintendo, X-Box, Wii and Playstation Portable (PSP).

Golf

Excludes minigolf.

Gymnastics

Includes cheerleading, acrobatics and trampolining.

Has a mobile phone

Having a mobile phone refers to the child having the exclusive use of a mobile phone regardless of who paid for the phone and who pays the phone bill. This includes having a phone but not using it and excludes sharing a phone with other family members or borrowing a phone on occasion.

Hockey

Includes indoor hockey, outdoor hockey and Minkie (junior hockey). Excludes underwater, ice and in-line hockey.

Homework or other study

Excludes practice or lessons for music, singing, dancing, drama or art and craft. It must have occurred outside of school hours and may have included work undertaken during after school care.

Horse riding, equestrian activities and polo

Includes dressage, polocrosse, show jumping and other equestrian events.

Ice and snow sports

Includes bobsledding, broomball, ice hockey, ice skating, skeleton, snow skiing, snow boarding and other ice/snow sports.

Laptop or other portable computer

Including iPad, Netbook, Notebook, PDA (personal digital assistant), Palmtop, MacBook Pro, MacBook Air, Samsung Galaxy Tab.

Last two weeks of school

The last two weeks of school attended, including weekends. In the case of school holidays, it refers to the last 2 weeks of the school term attended (i.e. before holidays).

Lessons

Organised or structured training or tuition. Lessons can be undertaken either on an individual or group basis. They must have been undertaken outside school hours.

Martial arts

Includes Aikido, Chi Kung, Judo, Jujitsu, Karate, Kendo, Kickboxing, Ninjitsu, Taekwondo, Tai chi and other martial arts.

Mean

The mean is a summary number that measures one type of midpoint in a range of numbers. In statistical terms determining the midpoint in a range of numbers is called the Measure of Central Tendency.

To find the mean of a set of numbers, or observations, we take the total value of all the members of the set and divide it by the number of items in the set. It is also known as the arithmetic average. More information is available from Statistical Language!, 2008 (cat. no. 1332.0.55.002).

Median

The median is one of the three measures of central tendency. The median is the middle score that separates the higher half of a data set from the lower half. It looks at the midpoint of a set of data when the numbers are ordered numerically. More information is available from Statistical Language!, 2008 (cat. no. 1332.0.55.002).

Motor sports

Includes car racing, drag racing, go-karting, motorbike racing, speedway and other motor sports.

Museum or art gallery

The interpretation of 'museum or art gallery' was left to the respondent. Visits, including school excursions, to museums or art galleries were included, providing they occurred outside of school hours. Visits to museums and art galleries interstate or overseas were also included.

Netball

Includes indoor and outdoor netball.

Not employed

Persons who were not in the category 'employed' (as defined).

One-parent family

For the purposes of this publication, a one-parent family consists of a lone parent and at least one child aged 5-14 years usually resident in the household. The family may also include any number of other dependants, non-dependants and other related individuals.

Organised art and craft

The interpretation of organised art and craft was left to the respondent. If the respondent queried the definition they were advised that this category included school holiday programs at an art gallery, after school or private art classes, craft group, participating in art/craft workshops, jewellery-making lessons and arts festivals’ workshops for children.

Organised sport

In this survey, organised sport refers to sports which are played or trained for outside of school hours and are organised by a school, club or association. Any organised or structured training or practice sessions are included as long as they have been set by an instructor or coach. Whether the child participated in an organised sport was left to the judgment of the respondent. Training is defined as undertaking a structured training activity or practice session which has been set by an instructor or coach.

This survey used a coder to assign codes to sports. Similar sports are grouped together. Where sports have been grouped together, further information is provided in this Glossary. See Glossary entries for Athletics, track and field, Australian Rules football, Basketball, Cycling, Football sports, Golf, Gymnastics, Hockey, Horse riding, equestrian events and polo, Ice and snow sports, Martial arts, Motor sports, Netball, Rugby league, Rugby union, Soccer (indoor), Surf lifesaving, Surf sports, Swimming and diving, Tennis, and Volleyball.

Other countries

The group comprises all countries except Australia and the other main English-speaking countries (the United Kingdom, Ireland, South Africa, Canada, the United States of America and New Zealand).

Other device

Devices used to access the Internet which did not fit the listed categories for this survey, including Kindle, iPod touch, T-hub, Internet enabled televisions and refrigerators.

Other main English-speaking countries

Comprises the United Kingdom, Ireland, South Africa, Canada, the United States of America and New Zealand.

Other places

Location of Internet access at other places includes (but is not limited to) a friend's or relative's house, public library, Internet cafe, shop, community centre, parents' workplace, after school care and vacation care, airports, hotels and motels, and overseas locations.

Other screen-based activities

Any screen-based activities aside from watching TV, DVDs and videos. This may include, but is not limited to, using the computer or Internet, playing games on a games console or mobile phone, and creating music playlists or viewing photos on an MP3 player.

Outside of school hours

The period outside the hours of 9am to 3pm, or the hours prescribed by the school, kindergarten/pre-school or home-school. It includes after-school care, weekends, Easter and other public holidays. It excludes lunchtime on school days.

Participation rate

For any group, the number of persons involved in an activity expressed as a percentage of the total population of that group.

Performing arts event

The interpretation of 'performing arts event' was left to the respondent. If the respondent queried the definition they were advised it included drama and dance performances, musicals and concerts, circuses and pageants. It also includes performing arts events at school functions providing the event occurred outside of school hours, and attendance at performance arts events interstate or overseas.

Playing a musical instrument

The interpretation of the term 'playing a musical instrument' was left to the respondent. The activity must have occurred outside of school hours and may have included lessons, practicing and giving performances. Includes playing as part of learning (e.g. playing a musical instrument to learn chords without actually being able to play a set piece of music).

Public library

The interpretation of 'public library' was left to the respondent. If the respondent queried the definition they were advised to exclude school, TAFE or university libraries. Visits, including school excursions, to national, state and local government libraries were included providing they occurred outside of school hours. Online libraries were also included, and visits to libraries interstate or overseas.

Reading for pleasure

The interpretation of 'reading for pleasure' was left to the respondent. If the respondent queried the definition they were advised that it referred to reading any printed material not related to a child's homework activity. The child must undertake the reading themselves. It includes reading books, magazines, newspapers, comics or other printed material, audio books where this is the only option that is available to a child for reading and reading eBooks. School readers, textbooks and being read to by another person were excluded.

Recreational art and craft

The interpretation of recreational art and craft was left to the respondent. If the respondent queried the definition they were advised that this category included painting, drawing, photography, sculpture, pottery, paper maché knitting, macramé origami, needlework, scrapbooking model making, jewellery making and other visual arts and crafts. Attendances at performing arts events and visits to art galleries were excluded. Organised art and craft is also excluded.

Remoteness area

For further information about the geography included in each of the categories major cities, inner regional, outer regional, remote and very remote Australia refer Remoteness Structure on the ABS website.

Rugby league

Includes rugby league sevens.

Rugby union

Includes rugby sevens.

Selected cultural venues and events

For this survey, 'Selected cultural venues and events' refers to the following activities: visiting public libraries; visiting museums or art galleries; attending performing arts events.

Selected organised cultural activities

The selected organised cultural activities considered in this survey comprise time spent outside of school hours playing a musical instrument, participating in singing, dancing, drama or organised art and craft. The activities include practicing, having lessons and giving performances. Practicing refers to organised or structured practice sessions only. It includes practice sessions set by an instructor even though the instructor may not be present at the time.

Selected recreational activities

For this survey, 'Selected recreational activities' refers to the following activities: skateboarding, rollerblading or riding a scooter; bike riding; watching television, DVDs or videos; other screen-based activities (excluding watching television, DVDs or videos); art and craft (excluding organised art and craft); reading for pleasure and homework or other study.

Singing

Including formal singing lessons (e.g. learning scales, voice training), practice sessions to learn songs (e.g. for choir) and singing performances. They must have occurred outside of school hours.

Skateboarding, rollerblading or riding a scooter

Includes ripsticking.

Soccer (indoor)

Includes Futsal.

Surf lifesaving

Includes Royal Life Saving.

Surf sports

Includes bodyboarding, surfing and other surf sports. Excludes surf lifesaving and wind surfing, kite surfing and sail boarding.

Swimming and diving

Includes platform and springboard diving.

Tennis

Includes indoor and outdoor tennis. Excludes Table tennis and Royal tennis.

Using chat rooms, forums or instant messaging

Excludes chatting to others within an online games site.

Volleyball

Includes indoor and outdoor volleyball and Newcombe ball. Excludes water volleyball.


Bookmark and Share. Opens in a new window

© Commonwealth of Australia 2014

Unless otherwise noted, content on this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Australia Licence together with any terms, conditions and exclusions as set out in the website Copyright notice. For permission to do anything beyond the scope of this licence and copyright terms contact us.