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SUMMARY OF FINDINGS
Summary of Energy Expenditure
During 2011-12, total expenditure of Selected industries on the sum of all non-renewables fuels collected by the survey was $88.2b, of which large businesses accounted for 66.8% (or $58.9b) of this expenditure.
The Manufacturing industry accounted for 44.5% (or $39.2b) of this total expenditure on non-renewable fuels, of which approximately two thirds (or $26.5b) consisted of other non-renewable fuels (excluding fuels such as diesel, LPG, petrol, coal, coke and coal by-products). Electricity and natural gas accounted for a further $5.5b and $3.2b of Manufacturing energy expenditure respectively.
The Transport industry was the second largest contributor to total expenditure on non-renewable fuels, accounting for 12.7% (or $11.2b) of total energy expenditure, of which diesel made up 59.3% (or $6.6b).
During 2011-12, business expenditure on electricity totalled $20.2b (which equated to 154,439 GWh of electricity generated), of which large businesses accounted for 52.6% (or $10.6b) and 66.7% (or 102,973GWh) of the electricity used by all businesses in Selected industries. In contrast, small businesses accounted for 30.5% (or $6.2b) of expenditure and 19.5% (or 30,051GWh) of total electricity consumption.
In 2011-12, the Manufacturing industry was the largest user of electricity and accounted for the largest share of the expenditure, with 43.6% (or 67,400 GWh) of electricity consumption and 27.3% (or $5.5b) of total electricity expenditure.
Natural Gas Expenditure
During 2011-12, natural gas purchases by businesses totalled $6.3b (which equated to 756 PJ) for Selected industries. Large businesses accounted for 77.6% (or $4.9b) of total purchases of natural gas and 75.3% (or 569PJ) of total consumption.
The industry with the largest expenditure on natural gas was Manufacturing, which accounted for 51.3% (or $3.2b) of total expenditure and 41.1% (or 311 PJ) of total consumption. However, the largest consumer of natural gas was the Electricity, gas and waste services industry, which accounted for 43.7% (or 330 PJ) of total consumption.
In 2011-12, Australian businesses generated 255,319 GWh of electricity, of which Electricity, gas and waste services accounted for 91.9% (or 234,588 GWh). The Manufacturing and Mining industries accounted for a further 4.0% (or 10,304 GWh) and 3.7% (or 9,344 GWh) of total electricity generation respectively.
Non-renewable fuels were the main input used to generate electricity, producing 230,780 GWh (or 90.4%), of which coal and coal by-products accounted for 65.3% (or 166,625 GWh) and natural gas 22.8% (58,262 GWh).
Renewable resources accounted for the remaining 9.6% of electricity generated (24,539 GWh).
ENVIRONMENTAL AND ENERGY MANAGEMENT
For information regarding Environmental and energy management please refer to I-Note attached to the Environmental and Energy Management data cube, which is to be released in August 2013.
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