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4183.0 - Cultural Funding by Government, Australia, 2012-13 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 30/05/2014   
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STATE AND TERRITORY GOVERNMENT

INTRODUCTION

Throughout this publication, it is important to note that different administrative arrangements and responsibilities exist in each of the states and territories and this influences the distribution of cultural funding to the various Arts and Heritage categories.

Similarly, fluctuations in the different types of expenditure are also to be expected. Funding of recurrent expenditure may vary due to one-off allocations for particular organisations and projects while expenditure of funding for capital projects may extend over several years. According to the level of activities, different amounts may be expended on a yearly basis.

As a result, caution should be exercised when comparing expenditure of funding between any of the state and territory jurisdictions.


FUNDING BY CATEGORY

In 2012-13 the estimate of expenditure on cultural activities, funded by state and territory governments, was $3,291.6m a rise of $11.4m from 2011-12. Whilst there was a $32.0m rise in Heritage expenditure, this was partially offset by a $20.6m fall in Arts expenditure.

Individual state and territory government's expenditure on cultural activities closely reflected population size, with the more populous states of New South Wales ($899.8m), Victoria ($629.1m), Queensland ($534.8m) and Western Australia ($581.1m) spending more funds in 2012-13 than South Australia ($261.5m), Tasmania ($133.6m), the Australian Capital Territory ($147.3m), and the Northern Territory ($104.4m).


STATE AND TERRITORY GOVERNMENT TOTAL CULTURAL EXPENDITURE(a) - 2012-13

Graph Image for State Territory Cultural Expenditure

Footnote(s): (a) Care should be taken when comparing categories between states and territories (see paragraph 13 of the Explanatory Notes).

Source(s): Cultural Funding by Government, Australia, 2012-13


HERITAGE

Heritage categories, with $2,447.8m in 2012-13, accounted for the majority of state and territory government expenditure (74%), the same proportion of expenditure as 2011-12. Expenditure on Other museums and cultural heritage rose by $36.4m, and Libraries rose by $11.6m. Conversely, the largest decrease was in the category of Environmental heritage, falling $13.6m.

In 2012-13 the category with the highest heritage expenditure, funded by state and territory governments, was Environmental heritage ($1,281.8m or 52%). These funds were provided to assist the operation of sites, collections and areas such as national parks, flora and fauna reserves, zoological parks, aquaria and botanic gardens. All state and territory governments excluding New South Wales directed more money to Environmental heritage than any other category. The Australian Capital Territory allocated three quarters (75%) of heritage expenditure funding to Environmental heritage, representing 59% of the Australian Capital Territory's cultural expenditure.


STATE AND TERRITORY GOVERNMENT HERITAGE EXPENDITURE

Graph Image for State Territory Heritage Expenditure


The category with the next highest expenditure was Other museums and cultural heritage ($550.6m), followed by Libraries ($367.3m) and Art museums ($191.8m). The New South Wales Government was the largest contributor to Other museums and cultural heritage accounting for $268.5m (49%) of total state and territory government expenditure on this category. Victoria (16%) was the next highest contributor with $89.7m.

In dollar terms, the New South Wales Government spent the most on Libraries with an estimate of $89.1m, followed by Victoria ($77.6m) and Queensland ($55.7m). Of all states and territories, the Tasmanian Government spent the largest proportion of its total expenditure (31%) on Libraries. This reflects the fact that libraries are mainly or solely funded by the Tasmanian Government whereas in the other states and the Northern Territory, local governments also contribute significantly to the funding of libraries.

ARTS

The estimate of expenditure on Arts activities, funded by the state and territory governments, fell 2% in 2012-13 to $843.8m and was 26% of the total state and territory government expenditure on cultural activities. The fall was largely the result of decreases in expenditure for Performing arts venues (down $24.2m) and Film and video production and distribution (down $11.2m). Conversely, some categories increased expenditure, including Other arts (up $10.2m), Drama (up $5.3m) and Other performing arts (up $4.4m).


STATE AND TERRITORY GOVERNMENT ARTS EXPENDITURE, By selected categories

Graph Image for State Territory Arts Expenditure

The Governments of New South Wales (29%), Victoria, (23%) and Queensland (16%) accounted for over two thirds (67%) of all Arts expenditure in 2012-13. Performing arts venues accounted for the highest amount of state and territory Arts expenditure ($270.1m) in 2012-13. The New South Wales Government provided 51% and the Victorian Government contributed 20% of the estimate of expenditure in this category.

Other arts and Film and video production and distribution were also major components of Arts expenditure, accounting for $225.6m and $92.0m respectively. The Victorian Government accounted for $42.1m (46%) of the estimate of expenditure on Film and video production and distribution.

RECURRENT EXPENDITURE

In 2012-13 the estimate of expenditure funded by state and territory government on recurrent cultural activities was 80% of total expenditure, which was an increase from 2011-12 (78%).

Across all state and territory governments, the proportion of recurrent expenditure of total expenditure ranged from 68% by the Australian Capital Territory Government to 94% by the Queensland Government.

Of all recurrent expenditure, $1,076.8m (41%) was allocated to the Environmental heritage category. This was followed by Other museums and cultural heritage $345.7m (13%), Libraries $319.6m (12%), Other arts $205.8m (8%) and Art museums $170.3m (6%).


STATE AND TERRITORY GOVERNMENT RECURRENT CULTURAL EXPENDITURE, By selected categories - 2012-13

Graph Image for State Territory Recurrent Expenditure


Of all the state and territory governments, the New South Wales Government had the highest estimate for recurrent expenditure on Heritage activities ($482.5m) and the Victorian Government had the highest estimate for recurrent expenditure on Arts activities ($156.7m).

STATE AND TERRITORY GOVERNMENT RECURRENT CULTURAL EXPENDITURE(a), Heritage and Arts - 2012-13

Graph Image for State Territory Recurrent Heritage Arts Expenditure

Footnote(s): (a) Care should be taken when comparing categories between states and territories (see paragraph 13 of the Explanatory Notes).

Source(s): Cultural Funding by Government, Australia, 2012-13


CAPITAL EXPENDITURE

In 2012-13, the estimate of capital expenditure accounted for 20% of all state and territory funded cultural expenditure and is lower than the proportion of expenditure in 2011-12 (22%). The governments of the Australian Capital Territory and New South Wales allocated the highest proportions of total cultural expenditure to capital projects in 2012-13 with 32% and 30% respectively.

In 2012-13 Environmental heritage ($205.1m) and Other museums and cultural heritage ($204.9m) accounted for 62% of total capital expenditure while Performing arts venues ($124.9m) accounted for 19%. Since 2011-12, fluctuations in capital expenditure were experienced in specific categories. In particular, the estimate of capital expenditure on Environmental heritage and Performing arts venues fell $57.6m and $20.8m respectively. This was partially offset by expenditure increases on Other museums and cultural heritage ($35.7m) and Libraries ($6.4m).

In dollar terms, of all the state and territory governments, the New South Wales Government had the highest estimate for capital expenditure on Heritage activities ($174.9m) and the highest estimate for capital expenditure on Arts activities ($95.3m).

STATE AND TERRITORY GOVERNMENT CAPITAL CULTURAL EXPENDITURE, By selected categories - 2012-13


Graph Image for State Territory Capital Expenditure

In dollar terms, of all the state and territory governments, the New South Wales Government had the highest estimate for capital expenditure on Heritage activities ($174.9m) and the highest estimate for capital expenditure on Arts activities ($95.3m).


STATE AND TERRITORY GOVERNMENT CAPITAL CULTURAL EXPENDITURE(a), By Heritage and Arts - 2012-13

Graph Image for State Territory Capital Heritage Arts Expenditure

Footnote(s): (a) Care should be taken when comparing categories between states and territories (see paragraph 13 of the Explanatory Notes).

Source(s): Cultural Funding by Government, Australia, 2012-13

EXPENDITURE PER PERSON

In 2012-13 the estimate of cultural expenditure per person, funded by state and territory governments, was $143.60, a decrease from expenditure per person in 2011-12 ($145.70). In 2012-13 expenditure per person for Environmental heritage and Performing arts venues fell by $1.60 (down 3%) and $1.30 (down 10%) respectively, but rose $1.20 (up 5%) for Other museums and cultural heritage from $22.80 to $24.00.

Total expenditure on cultural activities by individual state and territory governments generally reflects population size with the more highly populated states spending the most in absolute terms. However, on a per person basis, the smaller states and territories had relatively higher levels of expenditure.

In 2012-13 the highest estimate of cultural expenditure per person was in the Northern Territory ($438.60) followed by the Australian Capital Territory ($389.80), Tasmania ($260.70) and Western Australia ($234.50). Victoria had the lowest estimate at $110.70 per person.

Refer to paragraphs 14 and 15 of the Explanatory notes for information regarding the population estimates used in the calculation of per person expenditure.


CULTURAL EXPENDITURE PER PERSON, By state and territory government(a) - 2012-13

Graph Image for State Territory Per Person Expenditure

Footnote(s): (a) Care should be taken when comparing categories between states and territories (see paragraph 13 of the Explanatory Notes).

Source(s): Cultural Funding by Government, Australia, 2012-13


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