This publication presents counts for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples from the 2011 Census of Population and Housing. In addition to national and state/territory counts, this publication presents 2011 Census counts for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples at geographies below state and territory. An explanation of Census geographies is in the Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS).
The five-yearly Census of Population and Housing is the only comprehensive source of small area data about the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population. The Census provides a wide range of socioeconomic indicators to support planning, administration, policy development and evaluation in the public and private sectors.
The Estimated Resident Population (ERP) is the official measure of the population of Australia. The Census counts presented in this publication are adjusted in the compilation of the Estimated Resident Population for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. For more information on population estimates see paragraphs 21–24 of the Explanatory Notes.