The ABS conducted a series of surveys of the sports and physical recreation industries and government organisations providing sports and physical recreation services in respect of 2000-01. Because of the large and one-off impact of the Olympic and Paralympic Games, which took place in Sydney in September and October 2000, data relating to the activities of the respective organising committees for these games have been excluded from the analysis presented here.
At the end of June 2001 there were 7,145 employing organisations involved in the provision of sports and physical recreation activities (table 12.24). This total comprised: 1,034 horse and dog racing organisations; 667 health and fitness centres and gymnasia; 863 other sports and physical recreation venues; 755 sports and physical recreation administrative organisations (collectively referred to below as 'sports administration'); 1,937 sports and physical recreation clubs, teams and sports professionals (collectively referred to below as 'sports clubs'); 1,259 other sports and physical recreation support services; and 630 government organisations providing sport and recreation services. These organisations had a total income of $5,491.1m and expenses of $5,632.9m in 2000-01. At the end of June 2001 the organisations employed 98,267 people and during that month they were assisted by 178,837 volunteers.
There is considerable variation in the nature of the industries. For example, while 44% of the private sector organisations were 'not for profit', these were mainly concentrated in the sports administration industry, in which all 755 organisations operated on a not-for-profit basis, and in the sports clubs industry, in which 1,565 (81%) were not for profit. The sports administration and sports clubs industries were also responsible for the vast majority (94%) of the volunteers working for sports and physical recreation industries during the month of June. There were nine volunteers for each one employee in the sports administration industry in June 2001, and the ratio was 2.7 volunteers to 1 employee in the sports clubs industry. Employees outnumbered volunteers in each of the other industries.
At least 60% of the employees in the sports administration, sports clubs and the horse and dog racing industries were males. Health and fitness centres and gymnasia had the highest level of female employment, both in absolute terms (8,062) and as a percentage of people employed (64%). Casual employment was a feature of all of the industries. The percentage of employees employed on a casual basis ranged from 52% in the sports clubs industry to 71% in health and fitness centres and gymnasia.
The main sources of income for each industry were:
12.24 SPORTS AND PHYSICAL RECREATION SERVICES(a) - 2000-01
Health and fitness centres and gymnasia
Other sports venues and physical recreation venues
Sports and physical recreation administration
Sports and physical recreation clubs, teams and professionals
Other sports services(b)
|Businesses/organisations at 30 June 2001|
|Not for profit|
|Total employment at end June 2001|
|Total volunteers during the month of June|
|Operating profit/surplus before tax(e)|
|(a) Excludes data relating to the organising committees of the Sydney 2000 Olympic and Paralympic Games.|
(b) Includes sports services such as education and coaching.
(c) For Government organisations, only income and expenditure related to sports and physical services were included, and only employees who spent the majority of their time on sports and physical recreation related activities were included.
(d) Excludes Government organisations.
(e) This item is derived as total income minus total expenses, plus closing inventories minus opening inventories.
Source: Sports Industries, Australia, 2000-01 (8686.0).
- for the horse and dog racing industry, net industry and TAB distributions (49% of total income) and training fees (12%)
- for health and fitness centres and gymnasia, membership fees (65%) and casual playing fees (19%)
- for other sports and physical recreation venues, casual playing fees (40%) and rent, leasing and hiring income (8.5%)
- for sports administration, admissions including season ticket memberships (20%) and sponsorship and fundraising (18%)
- for sports clubs, subscription or membership fees (23%) and sponsorship and fundraising (18%)
- for sports and physical recreation support services, which include sports coaches, personal fitness training services and sports management services, 57% of the total income mainly comprised fees for services, such as fees for coaching and other specialist sports services.