Australian Bureau of Statistics
1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2005
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 21/01/2005
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Accident costs include loss of life or injury to persons, and the destruction of, and damage to equipment and infrastructure. Table 22.36 shows the number of transport-related deaths for each of the transport modes for the six years to 2002. Transport-related deaths fell from 2,038 in 1997 to 1,908 in 2002. The majority of deaths (71% in 2002) were associated with motor vehicles driven on public roads.
Road traffic crashes
Crashes involving fatalities
The number of road traffic crashes involving deaths in 2003 (1,457) was 4% below the number in the previous year (table 22.37). The majority of this decrease was due to a significant reduction in fatal crashes in Victoria (down 19%). All other states and territories recorded either relatively small decreases or increases.
The number of road deaths was also lower in 2003 compared with 2002, declining by 5%. The number of people killed from road traffic crashes in 2003 (1,633) was the lowest since 1949.
Road traffic fatalities
The number of deaths from road traffic crashes per 100,000 people fell from 8.7 in 2002 to 8.2 in 2003, continuing the decline since 1970, when the rate was 30.4. Road deaths per 100,000 in the Northern Territory in 2003 (26.2) were significantly higher than the national rate (table 22.38). The Northern Territory also had the highest number of fatalities per 10,000 registered vehicles (5.0). The Australian Capital Territory had the lowest rate of road deaths (3.4 per 100,000 people) in 2003. Victoria recorded the greatest drop in road deaths per 100,000 people, from 8.2 in 2002 to 6.7 in 2003 (a fall of 18%).
International comparisons of road traffic deaths
Australian road traffic deaths are compared with those for other selected OECD nations in table 22.39. Australia's rate of 8.9 road deaths per 100,000 persons in 2001 is considerably lower than the rates of France (13.8), the Republic of (South) Korea (17.2), Poland (14.3), Spain (13.8) and the United States of America (14.8). Australia's rate is, however, markedly higher than Sweden (6.2) and the United Kingdom (6.1).
Australia's rate of road deaths per 10,000 registered vehicles (1.4) was below the OECD median. For the countries listed, the Republic of (South) Korea has the highest death rate per 10,000 registered vehicles (5.8) deaths.
The number of fatalities per 100 million vehicle kilometre travelled in Australia in 2001 (0.9) was the same as that for the United States of America and less than that for France (1.5).
Rail and water transport accidents
There were 49 deaths associated with water transport accidents in 2002, unchanged from the number of deaths in 2001 (table 22.36). There were five rail transport accident-related deaths recorded in 2002, also unchanged from the number of deaths in the preceding year.
Since 1991 the number of aircraft accidents has declined by 52%, from 322 in 1991 to 155 in 2003 (table 22.40). In 2003 there were 54 fatalities, the same number of fatalities as occurred in 1991, and a rise of 59% compared with 2002.
This page last updated 20 April 2007
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