Australian Bureau of Statistics
1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2005
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 21/01/2005
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The remainder of the chapter presents statistics for a selection of service industries. The information provided is based primarily on the rotating program of service industries collections conducted by the ABS. The exceptions are the retail trade and wholesale trade industries where information has been drawn from the monthly and quarterly surveys of businesses.
Graph 20.4 presents annual growth rates for total retail turnover (in chain volume terms) from 1993-94 to 2003-04. During this period the four years with the strongest annual growth were 2003-04 (7.2%), 1994-95 (5.7%), 1999-2000 (5.5%) and 2001-02 (5.3%). The two years of weakest growth occurred in 1996-97 (0.6%) and 2000-01 (0.5%). Growth in 2000-01 was affected by the unusual increase in the volume of goods sold prior to the introduction of The New Tax System on 1 July 2000 and the subsequent decline in the volume of goods sold.
In 2002-03 retail trade industry gross value added (in chain volume terms) was $37,689m, or 5.1% of gross domestic product (GDP) for the year.
The wholesale trade industry covers those businesses involved in the sale of new or used goods to businesses or to institutional (including government) users.
Table 20.5 presents annual chain volume measures of total wholesale sales for the period 1992-93 to 2003-04. Total wholesale sales more than doubled (in chain volume terms) between 1992-93 and 2003-04, representing an average annual growth rate of almost 7%.
In 2002-03 wholesale trade industry gross value added (in chain volume terms) was $37,919m, or 5.2% of GDP for the year.
Private medical practices
The ABS conducted a survey of private medical practices in respect of 2001-02.
At the end of June 2002 there were 19,464 general and specialist medical practices in operation. There were also 50 pathology laboratory businesses. In total, these practices and businesses had employment of 116,491 people.
The private general and specialist practices generated income of $10,335m in 2001-02. While fee-for-service income was the main income source for these practices, bulk billing was 59% of fee-for-service income for general practices and 27% of fee-for-service income for specialist practices.
The industry value added for private general and specialist practices in 2002-03 was $7,393m, which represented 1.1% of GDP for the year. This was a similar level to the legal profession (1%) and the accounting profession (0.8%).
For the purposes of this survey, a general practitioner (GP) practice was defined as a business that primarily provided general practice medical services, and any associated administrative service businesses.
Table 20.6 shows at the end of June 2002 there were 9,600 private GP practices in operation with total employment of 56,911 persons.
GP medical practices generated income of $4,424m in 2001-02. The majority of this income (87%) was fee-for-service medical income ($3,845m). Total expenditure by GP practices in the same period was $3,146m with labour costs of $1,793m (57%) being the major expense. Rent, leasing and hiring were the next highest recorded expenses accounting for 9% ($290m) of total expenditure.
Operating profit before tax for GP practices was $1,107m, representing an operating profit margin of 26.4%. This was similar to the operating profit margin in 1994-95 of 27.6%. The total return accruing to practitioners as profits or wages and salaries in 2001-02 averaged $101,100 for each full-time equivalent (FTE) practitioner working in GP practices.
A specialist medical practice was defined as a business that primarily provided specialist medical services and any associated administrative service business. These specialist practices included anaesthesia, dermatology, diagnostic imaging, internal medicine, obstetrics and gynaecology, ophthalmology, paediatrics, psychiatry and surgery.
Table 20.7 shows there were 9,864 private specialist practices in operation at the end of June 2002. Total employment for specialist practices at the end of June 2002 was 45,046, down 13% from 51,477 in 1994-95.
Specialist practices generated income of $5,911m in 2001-02 with the majority of this income (88%) being fee-for-service medical income ($5,208m). Total expenditure of specialist practices was $3,973m. Operating profit before tax for specialist practices was $1,653m which represented an operating profit margin of 28.1% up from 24.6% in 1994-95. The average return accruing to practitioners as profits or wages and salaries in 2001-02 was $183,300 for each FTE practitioner.
Real estate services
At the end of June 2003 there were 10,001 real estate services businesses in operation. Table 20.8 shows these businesses had employment of 76,599 people, an increase of 47% from 52,079 people in June 1999.
During 2002-03 these businesses generated income of $7,525m. Property sales and leasing commissions accounted for 71% ($5,353m) of the total income of real estate agents during 2002-03 with property management commissions being a further 17% ($1,271m). Expenses of $6,635m contributed to an operating profit before tax of $879m. This represented an operating profit margin of 11.7% which was relatively unchanged from 1998-99. The industry value added for these real estate businesses in 2002-03 was $4,784m, or 0.6% of GDP for the year.
Waste management services
At the end of June 2003 there were 1,092 private and public trading businesses mainly providing waste management services. These businesses had employment of 14,386 people, an increase of 58% since 1996-97.
During 2002-03 income generated by these businesses was $2,684m, of which 59% ($1,595m) was for the collection and transport of waste. Business expenses incurred during this period were $2,458m. The operating profit before tax for these businesses was $227m, which represented an operating margin of 8.5%. The industry value added in 2002-03 was $1,248m, or 0.2% of the GDP for the year.
Surveys of businesses which hired/leased plant and equipment, personal and household goods, and motor vehicles were conducted in respect of 2002-03.
Plant and equipment hire
Table 20.10 shows at the end of June 2003 there were 1,152 plant and equipment hire businesses with employment of 13,738 people. By comparison, there were 923 businesses with 13,235 people at the end of June 2000 in the industry.
Plant and equipment hire businesses generated income of $2,620m in 2002-03. Total expenses were $2,273m of which labour costs was $722m and depreciation was $325m. The operating profit before tax of these businesses was $351m, which represented an operating profit margin of 13.5%. The total industry value added in 2002-03 was $1,506m, or 0.2% to GDP for the year.
Personal and household goods hire
Table 20.11 shows there were 495 personal and household goods hire businesses with employment of 4,222 people at end of June 2003.
These businesses generated income of $359m and incurred $340m in expenses during 2002-03. The operating profit before tax of these businesses was $20m, which represented an operating profit margin of 5.5%, down from 7.2% in 1999-2000. The total industry value added in 2002-03 was $203m, or 0.03% of GDP for the year.
Motor vehicles hire
Table 20.12 shows at the end of June 2003 there were 375 motor vehicle hire businesses with employment of 6,796 people and 61,097 rental fleet vehicles.
These businesses generated income of $2,004m and incurred $1,837m in expenses during 2002-03. Their operating profit before tax was $169m which represented an operating profit margin of 8.8%. The total industry value added in 2002-03 was $1,223m, or 0.2% of GDP for the year.
Television, film and video production
The 2002-03 Television, Film and Video Production Survey was conducted to provide a detailed measure of the performance and structure of television broadcasting, and film and video production services businesses operating in Australia. The main focus was on understanding the composition of the income generated by these businesses, details of expenses incurred, and the characteristics of television, film and video productions.
Film and video production services
Table 20.13 shows at the end of June 2003 there were 2,174 film and video production services businesses with employment of 16,427 persons.
These businesses generated income of $1,597m. The main components of this income were production of TV programs ($394m), post-production/film laboratory services to other businesses ($361m), production services to other businesses ($351m) and production of commercials ($228m). While income from post-production/film laboratory services to other businesses and income from production services to other businesses have increased by 51% and 37% respectively since 1999-2000, income from the production of television programs has decreased by 17% in the same period.
Total expenses of $1,505m resulted in an operating profit before tax of $92m, which represented an operating profit margin of 5.9%. The total industry value added in 2002-03 by film and video production businesses was $668m, or 0.1% of GDP for the year.
Table 20.14 shows there were 9,094 employees working for 27 commercial free-to-air and 6 subscription television businesses at the end of June 2003. These businesses generated $5,159m in income and incurred $4,991m in expenses during 2002-03. Operating profit before tax was $207m, which represented an operating profit margin of 4.1%. The total industry value added by commercial free-to-air and subscription television broadcasting businesses in 2002-03 was $1,460m, or 0.2% of GDP for the year.
Television, film and video production costs
Table 20.15 shows during 2002-03 production activity undertaken by commercial free-to-air, public and subscription television businesses, and film and video production businesses incurred $1,503m in production costs. Productions made specifically for television comprised most of these costs (76% or $1,141m). Production of commercials, stations promotions and interstitials accounted for 15% ($219m) and productions made other than for television accounted for 10% ($142m). Production costs included all costs relating to development, pre-production shoots and post-production of films and programs during 2002-03.
The 2002-03 survey of the performing arts industry had two components - music and theatre production and performing arts festivals.
Music and theatre production
At the end of June 2003 there were 865 businesses mainly involved in music and theatre production. Table 20.16 shows this represented an increase of 23% since June 2000. Income generated from music and theatre production activities was $622m with box office takings being 53% ($332m) of the total income. Government funding accounted for 22% ($134m) of income.
Operating profit/surplus before tax was $47m, which represented an operating profit margin of 10.7%.
During 2002-03 these music and theatre production businesses gave 53,241 paid performances with 14.2 million paid attendances.
Performing arts festivals
Table 20.17 shows there were 176 performing arts festivals (of greater than two days duration) conducted during the year ended June 2003. There were 29,707 performances at these festivals, attended by 7,539,000 people, of which 80% (6,031,000) were free of charge. The majority (90%) of performances carried out were by Australian artists while 21% (6,569) of all performances were provided free of charge.
The bulk of labour provided at these festivals was by volunteers; 15,728 (93%) out of a total of 17,000.
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