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1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2003  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 24/01/2003   
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Contents >> International Accounts and Trade >> Merchandise exports and imports by commodity

In 2001-02, exports increased by $1,637m (1.4%) to $121,176m. The SITC sections with the largest increases were:

  • Commodities and transactions not classified elsewhere, up $1,079m (10.1%)
  • Food and live animals, up $948m (4.6%)
  • Machinery and transport equipment, up $701m (5.2%)
  • Beverages and tobacco, up $362m (18.2%)
  • Chemical and related products n.e.s., up $208m (4.0%).

These increases were partly offset by decreases in:
  • Crude materials, inedible, except fuels, down $1,100m (4.7%)
  • Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material, down $471m (3.4%).

In 2001-02, imports increased by $1,364m (1.2%) to $119,681m. The SITC sections with the largest increases were:
  • Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material, up $770m (5.5%)
  • Commodities and transactions not classified elsewhere, up $685m (36.3%)
  • Miscellaneous manufactured articles, up $623m (3.7%)
  • Chemical and related products, up $440m (3.1%)
  • Food and live animals, up $379m (8.9%).

These increases were partly offset by decreases in:
  • Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials, down $1,514m (14.4%)
  • Crude materials, inedible, except fuels, down $160m (8.4%).

The value of merchandise exports and imports by commodity for 2000-01 and 2001-02, and their percentage contributions to total merchandise trade for 2001-02, are shown in table 30.21.


30.21 MERCHANDISE EXPORTS AND IMPORTS, By commodity

Exports
Imports


2000-01
2001-02
2000-01
2001-02
Standard International Trade Classification (SITC)
$m
$m
% contribution
$m
$m
% contribution

Food and live animals(a)(b)
20,759
21,707
17.9
4,235
4,614
3.9
Beverages and tobacco
1,993
2,355
1.9
907
864
0.7
Crude materials, inedible, except fuels(a)(b)
23,543
22,443
18.5
1,916
1,756
1.5
Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials(b)
25,206
25,120
20.7
10,547
9,033
7.5
Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes(a)
300
310
0.3
285
289
0.2
Chemical and related products, n.e.s.(a)(b)
5,154
5,362
4.4
14,197
14,637
12.2
Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material(a)(b)
14,028
13,557
11.2
14,051
14,821
12.4
Machinery and transport equipment(a)(b)
13,439
14,140
11.7
53,492
53,672
44.8
Miscellaneous manufactured articles(a)(b)
4,481
4,466
3.7
16,798
17,421
14.6
Commodities and transactions not classified elsewhere in the SITC(c)(d)
10,636
11,715
9.7
1,889
2,574
2.2
Total trade
119,539
121,176
100.0
118,317
119,681
100.0

(a) Excludes export commodities subject to a confidentiality restriction.
(b) Excludes import commodities subject to a confidentiality restriction.
(c) Includes commodities subject to a confidentiality restriction.
(d) Includes small value export entries that cannot yet be allocated by commodity.

Source: International Merchandise Trade, Australia (5422.0).


Australia's most valuable commodity exports for 2001-02, and their principal markets, were:

Coal, $13,394m - 11.1% of total exports: Japan (43.8% of total coal exports), the Republic of Korea (9.4%), India (7.9%), and Taiwan (6.4%).

Crude petroleum products, $5,971m - 4.9% of total exports: the Republic of Korea (25.5% of total crude petroleum product exports), Singapore (24.4%), Japan (12.2%), and the United States of America (11.6%).

Iron ore, $5,165m - 4.3% of total exports: Japan (42.2% of total iron ore exports), China (26.7%), the Republic of Korea (16.3%), and Taiwan (7.0%).

Non-monetary gold, $5,129m - 4.2% of total exports: the United Kingdom (23.0% of total non-monetary gold exports), Singapore (18.2%), the Republic of Korea (16.2%), and Hong Kong (SAR of China) (15.3%). This comprises gold produced in Australia and gold previously imported for refining or manufacturing.

Export values in excess of $4,000m (3% of total exports) were recorded for an additional four commodities. These commodities, and their principal markets, were: Wheat $4,527m (no country details); Aluminium $4,414m (Japan 33.0%); Bovine meat $4,316m (Japan 31.4%); and Aluminium ores $4,032m (no country details).

Table 30.22 shows a detailed commodity listing of the highest value exports for 2001-02.


30.22 MERCHANDISE EXPORTS OF MAJOR COMMODITIES - 2001-02

Commodity (SITC 3-digit code)
$m
%

Coal, not agglomerated (321)
13,394
11.1
Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, crude (333)
5,971
4.9
Iron ore and concentrates (281)
5,165
4.3
Gold, non-monetary (excl. gold ores and concentrates) (971)
5,129
4.2
Wheat (incl. spelt) and meslin, unmilled (041)
4,527
3.7
Aluminium (684)
4,414
3.6
Meat of bovine animals, fresh, chilled or frozen (011)
4,316
3.6
Aluminium ores and concentrates (incl. alumina) (285)(a)
4,032
3.3
Wool and other animal hair (incl. wool tops) (268)(a)
3,393
2.8
Motor vehicles principally designed for transport of persons (excl. public-transport type, incl. racing cars) (781)
3,001
2.5
Natural gas (343)
2,606
2.2
Petroleum oils, oils from bituminous minerals (not crude); preparations, with 70% or more by weight of these oils (334)
2,357
1.9
Alcoholic beverages (112)
2,259
1.9
Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind (931)
2,248
1.9
Medicaments (incl. veterinary medicaments) (542)
1,999
1.6
Meat and edible meat offal (excl. bovine), suitable or fit for human consumption, fresh, chilled or frozen (012)
1,824
1.5
Milk and cream and milk products (excl. butter and cheese) (022)
1,819
1.5
Cotton (263)
1,547
1.3
Copper (682)
1,515
1.3
Nickel (683)
1,410
1.2
Ores and concentrates of base metal (excl. iron, copper, nickel, aluminium, uranium and thorium) (287)(a)
1,404
1.2
Aircraft and associated equipment; spacecraft (incl. satellites and spacecraft launch vehicles; parts thereof) (792)
1,319
1.1
Parts and accessories (excl. covers, cases and the like) for use with office and automatic data processing mach. (759)
1,141
0.9
Live animals (excl. fish, crustaceans, molluscs and aquatic invertebrates) (001)
1,111
0.9
Crustaceans, molluscs, aquatic invertebrates, live, chilled, frozen, dried, salted; crustaceans, cooked (036)
1,054
0.9
Copper ores and concentrates; copper mattes, cement copper (283)
1,043
0.9
Cheese and curd (024)
1,032
0.9
Total major commodities(a)
81,031
66.9
Total of all other commodities(b)
40,145
33.1
Total merchandise exports
121,176
100.0

(a) Excludes commodities subject to a confidentiality restriction.
(b) Includes commodities subject to a confidentiality restriction.

Source: International Merchandise Trade, Australia, June 2002 (5422.0).


Australia's most valuable commodity imports for 2001-02, and their principal sources, were:

Passenger motor vehicles, $8,956m - 7.5% of total imports: Japan (56.9% of total passenger motor vehicle imports), Germany (14.2%), and the Republic of Korea (6.7%).

Crude petroleum oils, $6,789m - 5.7% of total imports: Indonesia (25.1% of total crude petroleum imports), Vietnam (22.4%), the United Arab Emirates (9.8%), Malaysia (8.9%), Papua New Guinea (8.8%) and Saudi Arabia (6.5%).

Computing equipment, $5,028m - 4.2% of total imports: Singapore (16.2% of total computing equipment imports), China (15.0%), the United States of America (14.7%), Malaysia (13.6%), Taiwan (10.8%), and Japan (9.8%).

Telecommunications equipment, $4,507m - 3.8% of total imports: the United States of America (21.3% of total telecommunications equipment imports), the Republic of Korea (17.1%), the United Kingdom (11.5%), China (8.0%) and Japan (4.9%).

Medicaments, $4,002m - 3.3% of total imports: the United Kingdom (23.1% of total medicaments imports), the United States of America (16.1%), Germany (11.5%) and Ireland (10.9%).

Table 30.23 shows a detailed commodity listing of the highest value imports for 2001-02.


30.23 MERCHANDISE IMPORTS OF MAJOR COMMODITIES - 2001-02

Commodity (SITC 3-digit code)
$m
%

Motor vehicles principally designed for transport of persons (excl. public-transport type, incl. racing cars) (781)
8,956
7.5
Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, crude (333)
6,789
5.7
Automatic data processing machines and units thereof, magnetic, optical readers; data transcribers and processors (752)
5,028
4.2
Telecommunications equipment, n.e.s.; parts, and accessories of radio, television, video and similar apparatus, n.e.s. (764)
4,507
3.8
Medicaments (incl. veterinary medicaments) (542)
4,002
3.3
Aircraft and associated equipment; spacecraft (incl. satellites and spacecraft launch vehicles; parts thereof) (792)
3,060
2.6
Motor vehicles for the transport of goods and special purpose motor vehicles (782)
2,545
2.1
Parts and accessories (excl. covers, cases and the like) for use with office and automatic data processing mach (759)
2,493
2.1
Parts, n.e.s. and accessories of the motor vehicles of groups 722, 781, 782 and 783 (784)
2,224
1.9
Gold, non-monetary (excl. gold ores and concentrates) (971)
2,218
1.9
Measuring, checking, analysing and controlling instruments and apparatus, n.e.s. (874)
1,915
1.6
Paper and paperboard (641)
1,868
1.6
Petroleum oils, oils from bituminous minerals (not crude); preparations, containing 70% or more by weight of these oils (334)(a)
1,828
1.5
Electrical machinery and apparatus, n.e.s. (778)
1,749
1.5
Internal combustion piston engines, and parts thereof, n.e.s. (713)
1,510
1.3
Baby carriages, toys, games and sporting goods (894)
1,502
1.3
Heating and cooling equipment, and parts thereof, n.e.s. (741)
1,269
1.1
Civil engineering and contractors' plant and equipment (723)
1,250
1.0
Household type, electrical and non-electrical equipment, n.e.s. (775)
1,230
1.0
Articles, of plastics, n.e.s. (893)
1,228
1.0
Furniture and parts thereof; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings (821)
1,194
1.0
Thermionic, cold cathode or photo cathode valves and tubes, semi conductors, l.e.d., integrated circuits, etc. (776)
1,137
1.0
Pumps for gas (incl. air), compressors, fans; ventilating hoods; centrifuges; purifying apparatus; parts (743)
1,112
0.9
Organo-inorganic compounds, heterocyclic compounds, nucleic acids and their salts (515)
1,083
0.9
Manufactures of base metal, n.e.s. (699)
1,079
0.9
Elec apparatus used in circuits; resistors; printed circuits; boards, panels, etc. with two or more functions (772)
1,057
0.9
Musical instruments, parts and accessories thereof; records, tapes, etc. (excl. goods or groups 763, 882 and 883) (898)
1,055
0.9
Rubber tyres, interchangeable tyre treads, tyre flaps and inner tubes for wheels of all kinds (625)
1,045
0.9
Printed matter (892)
1,037
0.9
Medicinal and pharmaceutical products, (excl. medicaments of group 542) (541)
1,007
0.8
Total major commodities(a)
67,975
56.8
Total of all other commodities(b)
51,705
43.2
Total merchandise imports
119,681
100.0

(a) Excludes commodities subject to a confidentiality restriction.
(b) Includes commodities subject to a confidentiality restriction.

Source: International Merchandise Trade, Australia, June 2002 (5422.0).


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