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1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2003  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 24/01/2003   
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Contents >> Science and Innovation >> Source of funds for expenditure on R&D

In 2000-01, the business sector funded 46% of all Australian R&D. This compares with 41% recorded in 1990-91. The Commonwealth Government funded 38% of R&D in 2000-01 (down from 44% in 1990-91) and the state governments funded 8% (down from 11% in 1990-91).

In 2000-01, 92% of funding for R&D carried out by businesses came from the business sector (down from 95% in 1990-91). Commonwealth government organisations provided 4% of funding for business R&D expenditure in 2000-01.

About 85% of Commonwealth government sector R&D was funded by Commonwealth government organisations in 2000-01. The Commonwealth government proportion of self-funding has dropped from 91% 10 years ago.

About 69% of state government R&D was funded by state government organisations in 2000-01. This is significantly lower than a decade earlier, when the proportion was 79%.

About 86% of higher education R&D funding in 2000-01 came from the Commonwealth Government (compared with 89% in 1990-91). Business enterprises provided 5% of the funding in 2000-01, up from 2% a decade earlier.

Commonwealth government organisations funded 26% of the R&D of the private non-profit sector in 2000-01, while the contribution by state governments was 11%.

Tables 25.4 and 25.5 show the data for 2000-01 and 1990-91 respectively.


25.4 EXPENDITURE ON R&D, Source of funds - 2000-01

Commonwealth Government
State government
Businesses
Other Australian(a)
Overseas





Total
Sector
$m
% of total
$m
% of total
$m
% of total
$m
% of total
$m
% of total
$m

Business
170.7
3.5
8.4
0.2
4,415.8
91.5
23.0
0.5
207.4
4.3
4,825.3
Government
Commonwealth
1,213.2
85.1
27.5
1.9
76.9
5.4
73.0
5.1
34.2
2.4
1,424.8
State/territory
71.4
7.6
650.1
68.9
54.5
5.8
159.9
16.9
7.7
0.8
943.6
Total
1,284.6
54.2
677.6
28.6
131.4
5.5
232.9
9.8
41.9
1.8
2,368.4
Higher education(b)
(c)2,395.6
86.3
87.9
3.2
136.2
4.9
94.2
3.4
60.7
2.2
2,774.6
Private non-profit
72.5
25.6
29.8
10.5
18.4
6.5
136.2
48.1
26.3
9.3
283.2
Total
3,923.5
38.3
803.6
7.8
4,701.8
45.9
486.3
4.7
336.3
3.3
10,251.4

(a) Includes funds provided via government levies.
(b) Data for calendar year 2000.
(c) Includes $1,746m of General University funds, the majority of which is funding from the Commonwealth Government.

Source: Research and Experimental Development, All Sector Summary, Australia, 2000-01 (8112.0).


25.5 EXPENDITURE ON R&D, Source of funds - 1990-91

Commonwealth Government
State government
Businesses
Other Australian(a)
Overseas





Total
Sector
$m
% of total
$m
% of total
$m
% of total
$m
% of total
$m
% of total
$m

Business
54.2
2.6
8.8
0.4
1,991.4
94.8
6.0
0.3
39.3
1.9
2,099.8
Government
Commonwealth
939.5
90.9
8.5
0.8
74.6
7.2
2.5
0.2
9.1
0.9
1,034.0
State
73.9
11.0
526.9
78.6
44.6
6.7
21.1
3.1
3.4
0.5
670.0
Total
1,013.3
59.5
535.4
31.4
119.2
7.0
23.6
1.4
12.5
0.7
1,704.0
Higher education(b)
1,190.6
89.3
29.6
2.2
29.9
2.2
73.4
5.5
9.3
0.7
1,332.8
Private non-profit
24.3
28.5
12.0
14.1
7.7
9.0
38.3
44.9
3.0
3.5
85.5
Total
2,282.4
43.7
585.8
11.2
2,148.2
41.1
141.4
2.7
64.2
1.2
5,222.0

(a) Includes funds provided via government levies.
(b) Data for calendar year 1990.

Source: Research and Experimental Development, All Sector Summary, Australia, 1990-91 (8112.0).


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