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WASTE AND RECYCLING PRACTICES OF HOUSEHOLDS
Household recycling is influenced by three main factors: the quantity or volume of recyclable material generated by a household; accessibility/availability of households to service facilities; and interest. The growth in recycling may be attributed to the provision of new and improved kerbside collection services (including increased collection frequency, better collection containers and a wider range of materials or products collected), extensive community education programs, higher landfill levies in many states and territories and the development of new and more stable markets for recycled materials.
Compared with 1996, paper products (including cardboard and newspapers) were the most commonly recycled material in Australia (graph 2.2). In the Australian Capital Territory, about 99% of households recycled paper, 97% in Victoria and 93% in New South Wales. Paper recycling was lowest in the Northern Territory (74%) but has nearly doubled since 1996 (39%). Significant increases in paper recycling were also noted in Tasmania (63% in 1996 to 86% in 2006), Victoria (77% to 97%) and Western Australia (68% to 85%). Glass and plastic bottles were the two next most frequently recycled materials (after paper), recycled by 90% of Australian households. Higher levels of recycling of these materials were reported in the Australian Capital Territory (98%), Victoria (96%) and New South Wales (91%). In South Australia, plastic bottles and glass were the two most commonly recycled waste materials, recycled by 92% and 91% of the State's households while paper products ranked fourth.