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1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2005  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 21/01/2005   
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Contents >> Government >> Territory government

Self-governing

The Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory are self-governing polities with powers almost matching those of the original states. The Northern Territory has been working towards full statehood, though a referendum on the question was rejected by Northern Territory voters in 1998. Norfolk Island controls its own treasury and raises revenue under its own system of laws. Generally, Commonwealth laws do not apply to Norfolk Island unless expressed to do so, but where any Norfolk Island legislation is in conflict with ordinances made by the Governor-General, such legislation is deemed null and void. Norfolk Islanders may enrol for Commonwealth elections in the electoral division they nominate, with some exceptions.

The Northern Territory and Norfolk Island both have an administrator of the territory, appointed by the Governor-General (table 2.13). The Australian Capital Territory has neither administrator nor governor. Each territory has an elected Legislative Assembly, with a wide range of powers.

The state of the parties in the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory at 31 October 2004 is set out in table 2.12.


2.12 STATE OF THE PARTIES - October 2004

Seats

NORTHERN TERRITORY

Legislative Assembly
Australian Labor Party
13
Country Liberal Party
10
Independent
2
Total
25

AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY

Legislative Assembly
Australian Labor Party
9
Liberal Party
7
The Greens
1
Total
17

Source: Department of the Parliamentary Library.


2.13 ADMINISTRATORS - October 2004


Northern TerritoryThe Hon. Edward Joseph (Ted) Egan, AM
Norfolk IslandGEJ Tambling

Source: Department of the Parliamentary Library.


Each territory has a government headed by a chief minister (table 2.14). The Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory have an opposition headed by an opposition leader (table 2.15).


2.14 CHIEF MINISTERS - October 2004


Northern TerritoryThe Hon. CM Martin, MLA (ALP)
Australian Capital TerritoryThe Hon. J Stanhope, MLA (ALP)
Norfolk IslandThe Hon. GR Gardner

Source: Department of the Parliamentary Library.

2.15 OPPOSITION LEADERS - October 2004


Northern TerritoryTK Mills, MLA (CLP)
Australian Capital TerritoryBM Smyth, MLA (LP)

Source: Department of the Parliamentary Library.


Non-self governing

Jervis Bay Territory, and the external territories of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Christmas Island, Coral Sea Islands, and Ashmore and Cartier Islands, make up the non-self governing territories of Australia.
The resident communities in each of Jervis Bay Territory, the Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Christmas Island are provided with an extensive range of government services. Each of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Christmas Island has an elected local government, and residents may vote in Commonwealth parliamentary elections in the electorate of Lingiari (Northern Territory). Residents of Jervis Bay Territory are enrolled in the electoral division of Fraser (Australian Capital Territory).

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