Most school children attend government schools (in 2001 approximately 75% of students). The remainder of the school-age population attend registered non-government schools or are home educated. Government schools are generally coeducational, while a significant, though declining proportion of non-government schools are single-sex based.
From 1992 onwards there has been a gradual decrease in student numbers in both the government and non-government sector. In 1992 there were 86,289 students compared to 82,797 students in 2001.
In the non-government sector in 2001 there were 37 Catholic schools that were attended by 62% of the children who received non-government education. Most non-government schools are funded partly by private sources, however, those that conform to government requirements also receive State and Commonwealth funding.