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1297.0 - Australian Standard Research Classification (ASRC), 1998  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 28/08/1998   
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Classification Structure - Subdivision 680000 - Construction

(See Division 2, Introduction for more information)

GroupClass
      Title

680100
      Planning
680101
      Housing
680102
      Commercial
680103
      Civil
680104l
      Industria
680199
      Other
680200
      Design
680201
      Housing
680202
      Commercial
680203
      Civil
680204
      Industrial
680299
      Other
680300
      Materials Performance and Processes
680301
      Stone, ceramics and clay materials
680302
      Cement and concrete materials
680303
      Polymeric materials (e.g. paints)
680304
      Timber materials
680305
      Metals (composites, coatings, bonding, etc.)
680399
      Other
680400
      Construction Processes
680401
      Housing
680402
      Commercial
680403
      Civil
680404
      Industrial
680499
      Other
680500
      Building Management and Services
680501
      Housing
680502
      Commercial
680503
      Civil
680504
      Industrial
680599
      Other
680600
      Prevention and Treatment of Pollution
680601
      Planning
680602
      Design
680603
      Materials performance and processes
680604
      Construction processes
680605
      Building management and services

Definitions

Subdivision 680000 - Construction, covers R&D directed towards construction. It includes R&D directed towards improving the use and performance of building materials, the processes for which they are used and the functions of engineering, planning, design, management and building services in the construction industry.

This subdivision includes R&D directed towards testing on construction sites the performance, durability and life cycle of materials used in the construction industry; the planning component of the construction up to the stage of developing sketch plans; design component, specifically turning sketch plans into working drawings and specifications; the development and supply of components and materials which are assembled and placed on site to form buildings, but manufactured off-site; and the design, supply and installation of building services.

It includes R&D directed towards 'clean production' to minimise emissions to the environment from construction or towards protection of the production site.

R&D directed towards safety in construction projects is also included in this subdivision. This subdivision has six groups:

    680100 - Planning
    680200 - Design
    680300 - Materials Performance and Processes
    680400 - Construction Processes
    680500 - Building Management and Services
    680600 - Prevention and Treatment of Pollution

    Exclusions:


      R&D directed towards the:

      (a) manufacture of materials used in construction is included in the appropriate groups in Subdivision 670000 Manufacturing; and

      (b) environmental health considerations in construction is included in Subdivision 730000 Health, Group 730200 Public Health.

      Group 680100 - Planning

      This group covers R&D directed towards improving the activities associated with the development of construction projects to the sketch plan stage, including urban planning, environmental impact studies, investigation of alternatives, market surveys, information gathering and assessment, geotechnical considerations, conceptual architectural design and project funding. This group has five classes:


        680101 - Housing
        680102 - Commercial
        680103 - Civil
        680104 - Industrial
        680199 - Other
      Group 680200 - Design

      This group covers R&D directed towards improving the associated activities which turn a project sketch plan into detailed architectural and engineering designs and specifications and towards the development of building regulations and design codes.

      R&D directed towards quantity surveying is also included in this group. This group has five classes:


        680201 - Housing
        680202 - Commercial
        680203 - Civil
        680204 - Industrial
        680299 - Other
      Group 680300 - Materials Performance and Processes

      This group covers R&D directed towards testing the performance, durability and life cycle of components and materials which are delivered or assembled on construction sites. The testing of performance, durability or life cycle of building materials on existing buildings is also included in this group. Examples of building materials on which testing is carried out are steel elements and assemblies, concrete, reinforcing bars, precast concrete elements, bricks, blocks, plasterboard, roof tiles, timber and plastic and aluminium components, such as windows, frames and piping. This group has six classes:


        680301 - Stone, ceramics and clay materials
        680302 - Cement and concrete materials
        680303 - Polymeric materials (e.g. paints)
        680304 - Timber materials
        680305 - Metals (composites, coatings, bonding, etc.)
        680399 - Other
      Group 680400 - Construction Processes

      This group covers R&D directed towards improving the associated processes or activities which translate plans and specifications into a finished building.

      This group includes R&D directed towards the tendering process, contractual matters, construction management, quality assurance, the actual construction and towards the health and safety aspects in construction. This group has five classes:


        680401 - Housing
        680402 - Commercial
        680403 - Civil
        680404 - Industrial
        680499 - Other

        Exclusions:


          R&D directed towards 'clean production' to minimise emissions to the environment from construction processes or towards protection of the production site is included in Group 680600 Prevention and Treatment of Pollution.
      Group 680500 - Building Management and Services

      This group covers R&D directed towards the design and installation of building services such as lifts, air-conditioning, plumbing, electrical services, communication networks, security and fire alarm systems. R&D directed towards the maintenance or servicing of these services is also included in this group.

      This group includes R&D directed towards site demolition, building refurbishment and other construction trade services (e.g. concreting, tiling) not elsewhere classified. This group has five classes:


        680501 - Housing
        680502 - Commercial
        680503 - Civil
        680504 - Industrial
        680599 - Other
      Group 680600 - Prevention and Treatment of Pollution

      This group covers R&D directed towards 'clean production' to minimise emissions to the environment from construction or towards protection of the production site. This group has five classes:


        680601 - Planning
        680602 - Design
        680603 - Materials performance and processes
        680604 - Construction processes
        680605 - Building management and services





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