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4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 1999  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 24/06/1999   
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LABOUR FORCE

Participation rate of persons aged 15 and over(a)

Economically active population(a)
Total
Men
Women(b)
Country
Reference year
'000
%
%
%

Australia
1997
9,220.4
63.3
73.2
53.7
Canada
1997
15,354.1
64.8
72.5
57.4
China(c)
1990
647,244.7
79.2
85.0
73.0
France
1997
26,403.7
55.0
62.3
48.1
Greece
1997
4,292.7
49.2
63.1
36.7
Hong Kong
1997
3,216.0
61.8
75.7
48.0
Indonesia
1997
89,602.8
66.3
83.4
49.9
Italy
1996
22,849.0
47.6
61.6
34.6
Japan
1997
67,870.0
63.7
77.8
50.4
Korea (Republic of)
1997
21,604.0
62.2
75.6
49.5
Malaysia
1997
8,569.2
39.6
51.1
27.5
New Zealand
1997
1,814.4
62.5
71.2
54.3
Papua New Guinea
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
Singapore
1997
1,876.0
64.2
78.3
51.1
Sweden
1997
4,264.0
76.8
79.1
74.5
United Kingdom
1997
28,715.9
62.6
71.7
53.9
United States of America
1997
136,297.0
67.1
75.0
59.8
Viet Nam
1989
29,525.5
77.2
81.5
73.6

(a) For most countries data are presented for the economically active population aged 15 and over. However, the age range varies for some countries: Malaysia - 15-64; Sweden - 16-64; UK, USA- 16 and over. Definitions also vary in terms of the inclusion or exclusion of certain other segments of the population such as the armed forces.
(b) Participation rates for women are frequently not comparable internationally since, in many countries, relatively large numbers of women assist on farms or in other family enterprises without pay. There are differences between countries in the criteria used to count economically active workers.
(c) Excludes Hong Kong and Taiwan.

Source: International Labour Office, Year Book of Labour Statistics, 1998.

EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT(a)

Country
Reference year
Employment
Reference year
Unemployment
Unemployment rate
'000
'000
%

Australia
1997
8,394.1
1997
791.1
8.6
Canada
1997
13,940.6
1997
1,413.5
9.2
China(b)(c)
1997
696,000.0
1997
5,768.0
3.0
France
1997
22,430.0
1997
3,192.0
12.4
Greece
1996
3,871.9
1997
440.4
10.3
Hong Kong
1997
3,144.7
1997
71.3
2.2
Indonesia
1997
87,050.0
1996
3,624.8
4.0
Italy
1997
20,087.0
1997
2,805.0
12.3
Japan
1997
65,570.0
1997
2,300.0
3.4
Korea (Republic of)
1997
21,048.0
1996
425.0
2.0
Malaysia
1997
8,569.2
1997
216.4
2.5
New Zealand
1997
1,693.3
1997
120.9
6.7
Papua New Guinea
. .
n.a.
. .
n.a.
n.a.
Singapore
1997
1,830.5
1997
45.5
2.4
Sweden
1996
3,963.0
1996
347.0
8.0
United Kingdom
1997
26,681.6
1997
2,034.2
7.1
United States of America
1997
129,558.0
1997
6,739.0
4.9
Viet Nam
1994
33,664.0
. .
n.a.
n.a.

(a) For most countries the employed and unemployed populations are aged 15 and over. However, the age range varies for some countries: China and Viet Nam- Not specified; Greece - 14 and over; Indonesia - 10 and over;
Malaysia - 15-64; Sweden - 16-64; UK and USA - 16 and over. Definitions also vary in terms of the inclusion or exclusion of certain other segments of the population such as the armed forces.
(b) Employment relates to total economy; unemployment relates to urban areas only.
(c) Excludes Hong Kong and Taiwan.

Source: International Labour Office, Year Book of Labour Statistics, 1998; International Labour Office, Year Book of Labour
Statistics, 1997.


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