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4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 2006  
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Contents >> Health >> National Health and State Summary Tables

National Health and State Summary Tables


HEALTH: NATIONAL SUMMARY


HEALTH STATUS

Units
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

Life expectancy(a)
1Life expectancy at birth – malesyears
r75.0
r75.2
r75.7
75.9
76.2
76.6
77.0
77.4
77.8
78.1
n.y.a.
2Life expectancy at birth – femalesyears
r80.8
r81.1
r81.4
81.5
81.8
82.0
82.4
82.6
82.8
83.0
n.y.a.
3Life expectancy at age 65 – malesyears
r15.7
r15.8
r16.2
16.3
16.6
16.8
17.2
17.4
17.6
17.8
n.y.a.
4Life expectancy at age 65 – femalesyears
r19.5
r19.6
r19.9
20.0
20.2
20.4
20.7
20.8
21.0
21.1
n.y.a.
5Disability-free
life expectancy at birth – males
years
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
57.9
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
59.1
n.a.
n.a.
6Disability-free
life expectancy at birth – females
years
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
62.0
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
62.2
n.a.
n.a.
7Males surviving to age 50 years%
r93.6
r93.7
93.8
93.9
93.9
94.0
94.2
94.4
94.7
94.8
n.y.a.
8Females surviving to age 50%
r96.6
r96.7
96.7
96.7
96.7
96.7
96.9
96.9
97.0
97.1
n.y.a.
9Males surviving to age 70%
r72.5
r73.2
74.1
74.7
75.5
76.3
77.3
78.1
78.7
79.3
n.y.a.
10Females surviving to age 70%
r84.2
r84.5
85.0
85.2
85.7
86.1
86.6
86.8
87.1
87.4
n.y.a.
11Males surviving to age 85%
r25.6
r26.3
28.0
28.6
29.9
31.2
32.9
34.0
35.2
36.2
n.y.a.
12Females surviving to age 85%
r45.2
r45.9
47.0
47.8
48.9
50.2
51.6
52.2
53.0
53.7
n.y.a.
Mortality(b)
13Total number of deaths '000
125.1
128.7
129.4
127.2
128.1
128.3
128.5
133.7
132.3
132.5
n.y.a.
14Standardised death rate
(per 1,000 population)(c)
rate
7.8
7.8
7.6
7.2
7.1
6.8
6.6
6.7
6.4
6.3
n.y.a.
15Infant mortality rate
(per 1,000 live births)
rate
5.7
5.8
5.3
5.0
5.7
5.2
5.3
5.0
4.8
4.7
n.y.a.
16Perinatal mortality rate (per 1,000 live births and fetal deaths combined) rate
9.4
10.0
9.2
8.3
8.5
8.3
8.4
8.0
8.0
8.0
n.y.a.
Morbidity and disability prevalence(c)
17Cancer(d)%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
1.4
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
1.7
18Ischaemic and other heart disease(d)%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
2.0
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
1.8
19Diabetes(d)%
2.4
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
3.0
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
3.5
20Asthma(d)%
10.9
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
11.6
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
10.2
22High/very high levels of psychological distress – aged 18 years and over%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
12.6
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
13.0
23Arthritis(d)%
15.6
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
13.9
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
14.9
24Persons with a disability(e)%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
r19.9
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
r19.8
n.a.
n.a.
25Persons with a profound/severe core activity restriction(e)%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
r6.3
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
r6.2
n.a.
n.a.

CAUSES OF DEATH

Rates are per 100,000 population(b)Units
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

Leading causes(c)
26Cancerrate
205
205
199
196
191
189
189
188
183
181
n.y.a.
27Ischaemic heart diseaserate
187
182
175
162
153
142
135
130
123
115
n.y.a.
28Strokerate
82
80
75
71
69
66
63
62
59
56
n.y.a.
Selected cancers(c)
29Lung cancer – malesrate
64
63
59
59
57
55
54
53
49
50
n.y.a.
30Lung cancer – femalesrate
22
22
22
21
21
22
23
24
22
22
n.y.a.
31Breast cancer – femalesrate
29
29
28
27
25
25
25
25
25
23
n.y.a.
32Prostate cancer – malesrate
41
42
37
37
35
36
35
35
34
32
n.y.a.
33Skin cancerrate
8
8
7
7
7
7
8
7
7
7
n.y.a.
Heart disease and diabetes(c)
34Ischaemic heart disease – malesrate
248
240
229
214
202
185
176
170
161
150
n.y.a.
35Ischaemic heart disease – femalesrate
141
136
132
122
115
108
102
98
93
86
n.y.a.
36Diabetes mellitusrate
17
18
18
16
16
16
16
17
16
17
n.y.a.
Motor vehicle accidents
37Motor vehicle traffic accident(c) rate
11
11
9
9
9
9
9
8
8
7
n.y.a.
38Males aged 15–24 yearsrate
33
32
28
27
27
28
27
24
23
20
n.y.a.
39Females aged 15–24 yearsrate
11
8
10
9
9
10
7
8
7
8
n.y.a.
Suicide
40Suicide(c)rate
13
13
15
14
13
12
13
12
11
10
n.y.a.
41Males(c)rate
21
22
24
23
22
20
20
19
18
17
n.y.a.
42Females(c)rate
6
5
6
6
5
5
5
5
5
4
n.y.a.
43Males aged 15–24 yearsrate
25
26
31
27
23
20
20
19
18
14
n.y.a.
44Females aged 15–24 yearsrate
6
4
7
6
6
6
5
4
4
5
n.y.a.
Drug induced(c)
45Drug inducedrate
6
6
7
9
9
8
5
5
5
5
n.y.a.
46Malesrate
9
8
10
12
13
11
7
6
6
6
n.y.a.
47Femalesrate
4
4
4
5
5
5
4
4
3
3
n.y.a.

RISK FACTORS

Units
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

Immunisation status(f)
48Fully immunised children
aged 12–15 months
%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
r84.5
r87.0
r91.3
r90.4
r91.7
91.0
91.2
91.0
49Fully immunised children
aged 24–27 months
%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
68.8
74.9
r85.1
r88.0
r89.4
91.6
91.7
92.1
50Fully immunised children
aged 72–75 months
%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
r82.2
83.7
83.6
84.0
Drinking and smoking(c)
51Risky/high-risk drinkers –
of males aged 18 years and over
%
10.3
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
r13.1
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
15.2
52Risky/high-risk drinkers –
of females aged 18 years and over
%
6.1
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
8.5
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
11.7
53Current smokers –
of males aged 18 years and over
%
r28.4
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
r27.2
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
26.2
54Current smokers –
of females aged 18 years and over
%
21.8
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
r21.2
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
20.4
Diet and exercise(c)
55Overweight/obese adults –
of males aged 18 years and over
%
r48.8
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
r54.3
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
58.3
56Overweight/obese adults –
of females aged 18 years and over
%
r32.4
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
r38.1
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
39.9
57Adults with low usual intake of fruit – of males aged 18 years and over%
53.2
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
r53.3
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
52.4
58Adults with low usual intake of fruit – of females aged 18 years and over%
44.7
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
r41.8
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
40.2
59Adults who are physically inactive –
of males aged 18 years and over
%
35.0
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
30.9
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
33.6
60Adults who are physically inactive –
of females aged 18 years and over
%
r35.4
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
r32.2
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
34.4
High blood pressure(c)(d)
61Hypertension –
of males aged 18 years and over
%
r14.1
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
r13.0
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
13.6
62Hypertension –
of females aged 18 years and over
%
r14.7
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
r14.2
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
13.8

SERVICES

Units
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

63Hospital separations
(per 1,000 population)(c)
rate
279
291
296
304
309
312
320
328
334
338
n.y.a.
64Hospital beds (per 1,000 population)rate
4.5
4.6
4.4
4.3
4.2
4.1
4.1
4.0
4.0
4.0
n.y.a.
65Average length of stay in hospitaldays
4.3
4.3
4.2
4.1
3.9
3.8
3.7
3.6
3.5
3.4
n.y.a.
66Doctors (per 100,000 population)no.
n.a.
241
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
248
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
67Residential aged care places (per 1,000 population aged 70 years and over)(g)rate
r90.9
r91.1
89.2
87.1
r85.0
r82.9
r81.4
r80.8
r81.8
83.1
n.y.a.
Medicare usage
Average Medicare services processed(h)
68Per personno.
10.4
10.7
10.7
10.8
10.9
10.9
11.0
11.2
11.1
11.3
11.6
69Per maleno.
8.3
8.6
8.7
8.8
8.9
8.9
9.0
9.2
9.1
9.3
9.6
70Per femaleno.
12.5
12.8
12.8
12.8
12.9
13.0
13.0
13.3
13.2
13.2
13.6
71Proportion of Medicare services used by persons aged 65 years and over%
22.5
23.0
23.6
24.2
24.6
25.3
25.8
26.4
27.4
28.3
29.0

EXPENDITURE

Units
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

72Persons with private health insurance%
34.9
33.6
31.9
30.6
30.6
43.0
44.9
44.3
43.5
42.9
42.9
73Total health expenditure (current prices) per person per year (1999–2000 reference year)$
2 183
2 313
2 459
r2 594
r2 733
r2 901
r3 196
r3 418
r3 667
3 931
n.y.a.
74Total health expenditure (current prices) as a proportion of GDP %
8.3
8.4
r8.6
8.6
8.7
8.9
9.2
r9.4
r9.6
9.7
n.y.a.

(a) Expectation of life is based on three years of data ending in the year shown in the table heading.

(b) Based on deaths registered during the year.

(c) Rates are age-standardised to the Australian population as at 30 June 2001.

(d) Caution should be used when comparing long-term conditions data from different National Health Surveys. Changes in survey methodology and classification may reduce direct comparability between surveys. For more details see: Occasional Paper: Long-term Health Conditions – A Guide To Time Series Comparability From The National Health Survey, Australia, 2001 (ABS cat. no. 4816.0.55.001); National Health Survey, 2004–05 User's Guide, Chapter 7
(ABS cat. no. 4363.0.55.001).

(e) Differences indicated between 1998 and 2003 are not statistically significant.

(f) As a proportion of all children in that age group on the Australian Childhood Immunisation Register.

(g) Ratios calculated by AIHW from data supplied by DoHA. Place numbers are taken from mainstream residential aged care services and do not include places provided, for example, by the EACH program, Multi Purposes Services or places funded under the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Aged Care Strategy.

(h) Average number of services processed per Australian resident.

Reference periods:

Data for indicators 1–12 are calculated using data for the three years ending in the year shown in the table heading from 1997 onwards.
Data for indicators 13–16 and 26–47 are for the calendar year.
Data for indicators 17–23 and 51–62 are according to the reference period for the most recent National Health Survey. For 1995 indicators 57–58 are according to the reference period for the 1995 National Nutrition Survey.
Data for indicators 24–25 are according to the reference period for the survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers.
Data for indicators 48–50 are at 31 December.
Data for indicators 63–65 and 67–74 are for the financial year ending 30 June.
Data for indicator 66 are at census night.



HEALTH: STATE SUMMARY

HEALTH STATUS

Health status UnitsYears
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

Life expectancy(a)
1Life expectancy at birth – malesyears2002–04
78.0
78.5
77.8
78.0
78.6
76.7
72.3
79.7
78.1
2Life expectancy at birth – femalesyears2002–04
83.3
83.3
82.9
83.1
83.3
81.8
78.0
83.9
83.0
7Males surviving to age 50 years%2002–04
95.0
95.3
94.4
94.7
94.9
94.2
87.8
95.8
94.8
8Females surviving to age 50%2002–04
97.2
97.2
97.0
96.9
97.0
96.6
92.9
97.7
97.1
9Males surviving to age 70%2002–04
79.2
80.4
78.8
79.2
80.5
77.0
66.2
82.8
79.3
10Females surviving to age 70%2002–04
88.0
88.0
87.3
87.4
87.8
85.7
78.1
89.6
87.4
11Males surviving to age 85%2002–04
35.6
37.1
36.1
35.9
37.8
31.4
26.5
40.9
36.2
12Females surviving to age 85%2002–04
54.5
54.5
53.7
54.4
55.1
49.1
40.5
56.3
53.7
Mortality(b)
13Total number of deaths '0002004
46.4
32.5
24.5
11.6
11.2
3.9
0.9
1.4
132.5
14Standardised death rate
(per 1,000 population)(c)
rate2004
6.3
6.0
6.5
6.2
6.0
7.1
8.2
5.6
6.3
15Infant mortality rate
(per 1,000 live births)
rate2004
4.6
4.5
5.2
3.2
3.9
3.6
10.7
6.9
4.7
16Perinatal mortality rate (per 1,000
live births and fetal deaths combined)
rate2004
7.2
9.2
8.4
6.9
7.4
6.9
11.2
11.0
8.0
Morbidity and disability prevelance(c)
17Cancer%2005
1.4
1.8
2.2
1.4
1.9
1.4
n.a.
1.9
1.7
18Ischaemic and other heart disease%2005
1.7
1.5
2.0
1.7
1.9
2.1
n.a.
1.6
1.8
19Diabetes%2005
3.7
3.0
3.3
3.7
4.2
2.8
n.a.
3.7
3.5
20Asthma%2005
9.2
10.2
10.8
11.6
11.2
13.3
n.a.
10.2
10.2
21Recent injury%2005
17.2
18.7
19.3
21.1
19.4
17.5
n.a.
17.6
18.5
22High/very high levels of psychological distress – aged 18 years and over%2005
12.6
13.1
14.4
12.3
11.7
12.8
n.a.
11.9
13.0
23Arthritis%2005
14.5
14.2
16.1
16.4
13.7
18.9
n.a.
14.2
14.9
24Persons with a disability(d)%2003
r17.5
r19.7
r22.2
r22.4
r21.2
r22.4
n.p.
r19.8
r19.8
25Persons with a profound/severe
core activity restriction(d)
%2003
5.4
r6.4
r7.5
r6.4
6.2
r7.3
n.p.
r6.2
r6.2

CAUSES OF DEATH

Rates are per 100,000 population(b)(f)UnitsYears
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

Leading causes(c)
26Cancerrate2002–04
181
186
186
184
182
213
185
164
184
27Ischaemic heart disease rate2002–04
123
115
136
124
110
134
139
96
122
28Strokerate2002–04
64
54
63
57
51
56
51
58
59
Selected cancers(c)
29Lung cancer – malesrate2002–04
50
50
53
48
53
58
58
37
51
30Lung cancer – femalesrate2002–04
22
22
23
22
24
30
22
17
23
31Breast cancer – femalesrate2002–04
24
26
23
27
23
24
22
19
24
32Prostate cancer – malesrate2002–04
32
36
36
32
29
44
26
34
34
33Skin cancerrate2002–04
8
6
9
5
8
8
5
8
7
Heart disease and diabetes(c)
34Ischaemic heart disease – malesrate2002–04
162
152
172
167
144
175
163
139
160
35Ischaemic heart disease – femalesrate2002–04
92
87
105
91
83
102
110
65
92
36Diabetes mellitusrate2002–04
14
20
16
16
17
25
44
15
17
Motor vehicle accidents
37Motor vehicle traffic accident(c)rate2002–04
7
7
8
10
9
10
22
5
8
38Males aged 15–24 yearsrate2002–04
18
21
26
28
26
26
45
10
22
39Females aged 15–24 yearsrate2002–04
6
6
9
9
11
9
32
5
8
Suicide
40Suicide(c)rate2002–04
10
11
13
12
11
16
25
9
11
41Males(c)rate2002–04
15
16
21
19
18
26
41
14
18
42Females(c)rate2002–04
4
5
5
5
5
7
7
3
5
43Males aged 15–24 yearsrate2002–04
14
14
20
18
20
20
70
13
17
44Females aged 15–24 yearsrate2002–04
3
4
5
5
5
3
12
5
4
Drug induced(c)
45Drug inducedrate2002–04
5
5
4
5
3
5
3
5
5
46Malesrate2002–04
6
7
6
7
4
5
4
5
6
47Femalesrate2002–04
3
4
3
4
3
4
3
5
3

RISK FACTORS

RISK FACTORS UnitsYears
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

Immunisation status(e)
48Fully immunised children
aged 12–15 months
%2005
90.7
92.0
91.1
91.2
88.8
93.4
90.1
93.7
91.0
49Fully immunised children
aged 24–27 months
%2005
91.7
92.5
91.9
92.6
91.4
94.4
93.1
94.8
92.1
50Fully immunised children
aged 72–75 months
%2005
84.7
87.3
81.4
81.8
79.5
86.6
83.1
88.2
84.0
Drinking and smoking(c)
51Risky/high-risk drinkers –
of males aged 18 years and over
%2004–05
14.8
13.0
16.1
15.9
20.2
13.2
n.p.
15.6
15.2
52Risky/high-risk drinkers –
of females aged 18 years and over
%2004–05
11.1
11.3
12.4
13.4
12.1
10.1
n.p.
12.7
11.7
53Current smokers –
of males aged 18 years and over
%2004–05
25.1
26.5
28.8
26.8
23.3
28.1
n.p.
19.6
26.2
54Current smokers –
of females aged 18 years and over
%2004–05
20.2
20.5
20.5
19.7
19.6
24.7
n.p.
14.3
20.4
Diet and exercise(c)
55Overweight/obese adults –
of males aged 18 years and over
%2004–05
58.5
57.1
60.3
57.9
58.3
54.3
n.p.
56.1
58.3
56Overweight/obese adults –
of females aged 18 years and over
%2004–05
40.2
40.8
38.9
40.6
38.0
42.4
n.p.
41.6
39.9
57Adults with low usual intake of fruit – of males aged 18 years and over%2004–05
52.2
50.3
54.7
56.5
49.6
52.9
n.p.
52.3
52.4
58Adults with low usual intake of fruit – of females aged 18 years and over%2004–05
40.5
38.1
40.4
45.2
39.6
41.8
n.p.
39.3
40.2
59Adults who are physically inactive –
of males aged 18 years and over
%2004–05
34.0
31.6
36.8
34.4
31.8
35.9
n.p.
23.0
33.6
60Adults who are physically inactive –
of females aged 18 years and over
%2004–05
36.9
32.0
36.5
34.0
30.4
31.0
n.p.
25.4
34.4
High blood pressure(c)
61Hypertension –
of males aged 18 years and over
%2004–05
13.3
13.5
13.1
13.5
15.7
14.1
n.p.
13.1
13.6
62Hypertension –
of females aged 18 years and over
%2004–05
13.4
14.2
13.6
13.9
14.0
17.0
n.p.
16.2
13.8

SERVICES

UnitsYears
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

63Hospital separations
(per 1,000 population)(c)
rate2003–04
294
369
357
359
340
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
338
64Hospital beds (per 1,000 population)rate2003–04
4.0
3.8
4.1
4.5
4.1
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
4.0
65Average length of stay in hospitaldays2003–04
3.7
3.3
3.2
3.6
3.4
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
3.5
66Doctors (per 100,000 population)rate2001
251
252
234
276
232
235
253
287
248
67Residential aged care places (per 1,000 population aged 70 years and over)(g)no.2003–04
81.9
82.7
85.2
88.0
80.4
85.1
82.5
74.0
83.1
Medicare usage
Average Medicare services processed(h)
68Per personno.2004–05
12.5
11.6
11.4
11.6
10.3
10.6
6.6
9.4
11.6
69Per maleno.2004–05
10.5
9.6
9.4
9.6
8.2
8.6
5.1
7.4
9.6
70Per femaleno.2004–05
14.4
13.6
13.4
13.6
12.3
12.5
8.3
11.3
13.6
71Proportion of Medicare services used by persons aged 65 years and over%2004–05
29.3
30.0
27.8
32.1
26.7
30.1
11.1
22.8
29.0

EXPENDITURE

UnitsYears
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

72Persons with private health insurance%2005
44.2
42.1
40.1
43.8
46.1
42.3
31.4
(i)44.2
42.9


(a) Expectation of life is based on three years of data ending in the year shown in the table heading.

(b) Based on deaths registered during the year.

(c) Rates are age-standardised to the Australian population as at 30 June 2001.

(d) Disability estimates for Northern Territory relate to mainly urban areas only.

(e) As a proportion of all children in that age group on the Australian Childhood Immunisation Register.

(f) Rates are calculated for the three year period 2002 to 2004.

(g) Ratios calculated by AIHW from data supplied by DoHA. Place numbers are taken from mainstream residential aged care services and do not include places provided, for example, by the EACH program, Multi Purposes Services or places funded under the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Aged Care Strategy.

(h) Average number of services processed per resident.

(i) The Australian Capital Territory is included in New South Wales.

Reference periods: Data for indicators 1–2 and 7–12 are calculated using the average of three years of data.
Data for indicators 13–16 and 26–47 are for the calendar year.

Data for indicators 17–23 and 51–62 are according to the reference period for the most recent National Health Survey.

Data for indicators 24–25 are according to the reference period for the Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers.
Data for indicators 48–50 are at 31 December.
Data for indicators 63–65 and 67–72 are for the financial year ending 30 June.

Data for indicator 66 as at census night.




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