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4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 1999  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 24/06/1999   
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Contents >> Education >> National summary tables

National summary tables


PARTICIPATION

Units
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

School students
'000
3,022
3,031
3,042
3,075
3,099
3,098
3,099
3,109
3,143
3,172
3,199
Students in government schools
%
72.7
72.4
72.1
72.1
72.1
71.9
71.5
71.0
70.7
70.3
70.0
Females - of all Year 11 and 12 students
%
51.8
52.2
52.1
51.3
51.0
51.1
51.4
51.8
51.8
51.8
52.0
Year 12 retention rate - males
%
53.4
55.5
58.3
66.1
72.5
71.9
69.6
66.7
65.9
66.2
65.9
Year 12 retention rate - females
%
61.8
65.2
69.9
76.7
82.0
81.4
79.9
77.9
77.0
77.8
77.7
Education participation of 15-19 year olds (of all 15-19 year olds)
%
66.0
66.8
67.4
71.3
73.2
74.1
74.0
73.7
74.6
77.0
73.6
Education participation of 20-24 year olds (of all 20-24 year olds)
%
19.5
21.3
22.3
25.2
26.4
27.0
26.3
28.3
29.4
30.2
29.8
15-24 year olds attending TAFE
%
8.2
8.7
8.5
8.8
8.7
8.9
8.4
8.5
9.0
9.2
8.0
15-24 year olds attending higher education
%
8.7
9.9
10.3
11.9
12.5
12.9
12.9
13.6
13.9
15.2
15.3
Females-of all higher education students aged 15-24(a)
%
48.0
51.2
53.2
49.3
52.9
53.9
51.5
53.3
52.8
55.2
54.2
Vocational Education and Training (VET) clients(b)
'000
952
932
967
986
1,043
1,121
1,132
1,273
1,347
1,459
n.y.a.
Females- of all VET clients(b)
%
47.1
47.2
44.8
45.1
45.1
45.9
45.9
47.2
47.6
48.1
n.y.a.
Higher education students
'000
420.9
441.1
485.1
534.5
559.4
575.6
585.4
604.2
634.1
658.8
671.9
Overseas students (of all higher education students)(c)
%
n.a.
4.8
5.1
5.5
6.1
6.4
6.9
7.6
8.4
9.6
10.7

(a) From 1993, figures refer to participation/attainment in courses leading to recognised qualifications only.
(b) Data prior to 1994 are not strictly comparable to more recent data due to changes in scope and collection methodology. Community education providers were included in the collection in 1995, and private providers were included in 1996.
(c) Prior to 1996, New Zealand students were counted as being overseas students.

Reference periods: Schools data are at July, except for 1991 and 1995-1998 (August). TAFE data comprise enrolments in the calendar year to 31 December. Higher education data are at 31 March from 1989; prior to that the reference date was 30 April. Data on participation rates are at May. Overseas student data are at 31 March. VET data are at 30 June.

ATTAINMENT

Units
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

With post-school educational qualifications (of all aged 15-64)
%
n.a.
39.2
39.7
40.8
41.7
39.1
39.0
41.0
42.3
40.4
41.9
    Bachelor degree or higher
%
n.a.
7.9
8.4
9.0
9.6
10.1
11.5
11.9
12.8
13.6
14.3
    Undergraduate or associate diploma
%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
9.0
8.6
9.1
8.8
7.7
7.9
    Skilled or basic vocational qualification
%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
20.0
18.9
19.9
20.6
19.1
19.7
Did not complete highest level of secondary school (of all aged 15-64)
%
n.a.
39.6
37.4
36.0
34.3
37.3
37.6
36.0
34.7
36.3
34.1
Females-of all with post-school educational qualifications(a)
%
n.a.
41.8
42.4
43.0
43.6
42.6
44.0
44.0
44.1
44.6
45.1
Higher education students completing courses
'000
86.9
90.5
94.7
107.6
120.6
132.9
138.7
140.9
145.3
155.1
n.y.a.

(a) From 1993, figures refer to participation/attainment in courses leading to recognised qualifications only.

Reference periods: Data on educational attainment are at May. Higher education data are at 31 March from 1989; prior to that the reference date was 30 April. VET data are at 30 June.

EDUCATION & LABOUR FORCE

Units
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

Unemployment rate
With bachelor degree or higher
%
n.a.
2.4
3.2
3.9
4.3
4.8
4.7
3.6
3.8
3.5
3.1
With undergraduate or associate diploma
%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
5.9
5.8
5.4
5.2
4.7
4.6
With skilled or basic vocational qualifications
%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
8.9
7.0
6.6
6.4
7.1
6.6
Without post-school qualifications(a)
%
n.a.
7.9
8.2
12.0
13.4
13.7
12.6
10.7
10.9
11.2
10.5
Trainees and apprentices
'000
156.3
163.9
172.8
160.2
151.9
137.5
131.1
135.8
158.0
175.4
195.5

(a) From 1993, figures refer to participation/attainment in courses leading to recognised qualifications only.

Reference periods: Data on unemployment rates and apprentices are at May.

EXPENDITURE

Units
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

Total expenditure on education (of GDP)
%
r5.1
r5.0
r5.0
r5.4
r5.6
r5.6
r5.5
r5.4
r5.2
r5.4
n.y.a.
Government expenditure on education (of GDP)
%
r4.7
r4.4
r4.3
r4.7
r4.9
r4.9
r4.8
r4.7
r4.5
r4.6
n.y.a.
Government outlay on education
    Primary and secondary
$'000m
8.4
9.4
9.9
10.7
11.6
12.0
12.2
12.5
13.0
13.9
n.y.a.
    Tertiary
$'000m
4.6
4.7
5.0
5.9
6.4
6.9
7.1
7.6
7.6
8.1
n.y.a.

Reference periods: Expenditure data are for financial years.

RESOURCES

Units
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

Schools
no.
10,054
10,036
10,007
9,980
9,957
9,865
9,679
9,648
9,630
9,609
9,587
Government schools
%
74.9
74.9
74.8
74.8
74.8
74.7
74.0
73.8
73.6
73.2
73.0
School student/teaching staff ratio
    All students
ratio
15.3
15.3
15.3
15.4
15.3
15.3
15.5
15.4
15.4
15.3
15.3
    Government school students
ratio
15.0
14.9
15.0
15.2
15.1
15.2
15.4
15.4
15.4
15.3
15.3
    Primary students
ratio
18.5
18.7
18.4
18.5
18.4
18.4
18.5
18.1
18.1
17.9
17.9
    Secondary students
ratio
12.6
12.6
12.4
12.5
12.4
12.4
12.6
12.6
12.7
12.7
12.7
Females - of all primary teachers
%
71.7
72.3
73.5
73.7
74.2
74.4
74.7
76.1
76.2
76.9
77.5
Females - of all secondary teachers
%
48.3
48.8
50.1
50.4
50.6
51.1
51.3
52.3
52.6
53.1
53.5
Females - of all higher education academic staff
%
27.3
27.8
30.1
30.8
31.9
32.6
32.8
33.5
34.1
34.4
35.1

Reference periods: Schools data are at July, except for 1991 and 1995-1998 (August). Higher education data are at 31 March from 1989; prior to that the reference date was 30 April.




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