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4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 1999  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 24/06/1999   
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Contents >> Health >> State summary tables

State summary tables

HEALTH STATUS

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT(a)
ACT
Aust.

Life expectancy
Male life expectancy at birth
years
1997
75.4
75.8
75.4
75.7
75.7
74.8
70.0
77.1
75.6
Female life expectancy at birth
years
1997
81.2
81.4
81.3
81.5
81.6
80.1
74.7
81.3
81.3
Mortality
Total number of deaths
'000
1997
45.6
33.3
21.9
11.7
10.8
3.8
0.9
1.3
129.4
Crude death rate (per 1,000 population)
no.
1997
7.3
7.2
6.5
7.9
6.0
8.0
4.8
4.3
7.0
Standardised death rate (per 1,000 population)
no.
1997
6.3
6.2
6.2
6.1
6.0
6.8
9.8
6.0
6.2
Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)
no.
1997
5.2
4.9
5.8
4.7
5.3
6.5
12.5
3.8
5.3
Perinatal mortality rate (per 1,000 live births and fetal deaths combined)
no.
1997
9.8
8.6
9.1
8.2
8.1
11.6
15.5
6.6
9.2
Morbidity and disability (per 100 population)(b)
Cancer
%
1995
2.1
1.8
2.6
1.9
2.1
2.4
2.0
1.9
2.1
Heart disease
%
1995
2.9
2.8
2.8
2.7
2.4
3.6
*1.4
2.7
2.8
Diabetes
%
1995
2.0
2.4
2.0
2.7
2.5
2.6
2.5
2.0
2.3
Asthma
%
1995
10.4
11.2
13.3
11.2
11.5
10.2
12.7
11.2
11.3
Injury
%
1995
5.8
5.6
7.7
6.4
7.6
7.2
8.7
7.6
6.4
Disability with specific restrictions(b)
%
1998
16.6
15.7
17.8
18.9
17.6
18.7
16.1
16.7
16.9

(a) Morbidity and disability estimates for Northern Territory relate to mainly urban areas only.
(b) Rates are age-standardised.

Reference periods: All health status data are for the calendar year.

CAUSES OF DEATH

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

Death rates per 100,000 population -
Leading causes(b)
Cancer
no.
1997
167
176
169
169
171
182
207
158
171
Ischaemic heart disease
no.
1997
141
132
147
136
119
142
164
124
137
Stroke
no.
1997
59
52
56
57
52
62
96
63
56
Selected cancers(b)
Male lung cancer
no.
1997
51
53
54
52
51
56
61
30
52
Female lung cancer
no.
1997
18
20
20
18
20
23
41
22
19
Female breast cancer
no.
1997
24
27
22
24
24
19
20
25
24
Prostate cancer
no.
1997
30
31
29
28
27
34
33
18
29
Skin cancer
no.
1997
7
5
7
5
6
4
1
6
6
Heart disease and diabetes(b)
Male ischaemic heart disease
no.
1997
184
175
195
185
162
198
194
182
182
Female ischaemic heart disease
no.
1997
106
98
106
98
85
101
134
80
101
Diabetes mellitus
no.
1997
9
18
14
15
15
14
37
13
14
Accidents and suicide
Motor vehicle traffic accident(b)
no.
1997
9
10
12
10
12
7
25
6
10
Male 15-24 years motor vehicle traffic accident(c)
no.
1997
24
28
35
26
38
* *
* *
* *
29
Female 15-24 years motor vehicle traffic accident(c)
no.
1997
9
8
17
10
12
* *
* *
* *
10
Suicide(a)
no.
1997
15
14
16
13
14
11
22
13
15
Male 15-24 years suicide(c)
no.
1997
31
30
37
29
25
* *
* *
* *
31
Female 15-24 years suicide(c)
no.
1997
7
5
9
7
7
* *
* *
* *
7
AIDS(b)
AIDS-related
no.
1997
2
2
1
1
1
* *
2
* *
2

(b) Rates are age-standardised.
(c) Data for Tasmania, Northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory are not available as numbers are too low for reliable rates.

Reference periods: All causes of death data are for the calendar year.

RISK FACTORS

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT(a)
ACT
Aust.

Immunisation status
Children not fully immunised aged 3 months to 6 years (of children 3 months to 6 years)
%
1995
46.1
48.8
52.5
50.3
40.7
57.0
46.5
36.5
47.9
Drinking and smoking(b)
Male medium/high-risk drinkers (of males 18 years and over)
%
1995
10.9
8.9
11.4
10.2
11.4
9.6
24.6
12.2
10.6
Female medium/high-risk drinkers (of females 18 years and over)
%
1995
6.4
5.3
6.5
6.4
6.6
4.7
5.9
7.1
6.1
Male current smokers (of males 18 years and over)
%
1995
27.1
26.7
29.0
26.6
26.6
27.2
30.2
23.6
27.3
Female current smokers (of females 18 years and over)
%
1995
20.0
20.0
21.7
20.0
18.8
24.5
26.0
19.3
20.3
Diet and exercise(b)
Male overweight/obese adults (of males 18 years and over)
%
1995
62.5
64.6
62.1
64.7
60.5
66.4
58.9
63.1
63.0
Female overweight/obese adults (of females 18 years and over)
%
1995
45.3
48.9
43.5
49.4
45.3
53.6
43.5
50.4
46.5
Males who do not exercise for sport, recreation or fitness (of males 18 years and over)
%
1995
34.5
34.2
33.8
34.0
29.7
33.8
42.6
22.6
33.7
Females who do not exercise for sport, recreation or fitness (of females 18 years and over)
%
1995
37.4
32.4
34.8
34.8
28.5
36.1
34.6
28.0
34.4
High blood pressure(b)
Male hypertension (of males 18 years and over)
%
1995
17.1
17.1
19.6
18.3
15.6
17.7
17.3
16.9
17.6
Female hypertension (of females 18 years and over)
%
1995
14.6
15.0
15.1
17.2
15.6
17.4
9.3
13.7
15.1

(a) Risk factor estimates for NT relate to mainly urban areas only.
(b) Rates are age-standardised.

Reference periods: Immunisation status data are at April. Overweight/obese and hypertension data are for the year ended March 1996.

SERVICES

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

Hospital separations (per 1,000 population)
no.
1996-97
282
297
300
320
266
277
261
238
289
Hospital beds (per 1,000 population)
no.
1996-97
4.0
4.1
4.5
4.8
4.2
4.3
4.0
3.4
4.2
Average length of stay in hospital
days
1996-97
4.3
4.0
4.4
4.2
4.0
5.1
3.8
3.9
4.2
Doctors (per 100,000 population)
no.
1996
250
237
233
264
221
220
249
259
241
Nursing home and hostel beds (per 1,000 population aged 70 years and over)
no.
1996-97
89.0
84.7
95.0
90.6
91.4
88.0
102.8
87.3
89.2
Medicare usage
Average Medicare services processed per person(b)
no.
1996-97
11.3
10.6
10.5
9.7
9.6
9.5
6.4
9.4
10.5
Average Medicare services processed per male(b)
no.
1996-97
9.4
8.8
8.4
8.1
7.7
7.4
5.1
7.7
8.7
Average Medicare services processed per female(b)
no.
1996-97
13.1
12.4
12.4
11.3
11.6
11.5
8.0
11.1
12.4
Average Medicare services processed per person aged 65 years and over
no.
1996-97
22.0
21.1
20.7
19.4
19.3
17.8
12.3
19.1
20.9
Proportion of Medicare services used by persons aged 65 years and over
%
1996-97
24.1
24.4
22.2
27.1
21.1
23.7
7.0
16.0
23.6

(b) Rates are age-standardised.

Reference periods: Services data (except for doctors per 100,000 population which is at census date) are for the year ended 30 June.

EXPENDITURE

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

Persons with private health insurance(d)
%
1997
32.1
31.4
30.0
32.8
35.2
34.9
24.4
n.a.
31.9

(d) The ACT is included in NSW.

Reference periods: Private health insurance data are at the June quarter.

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