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4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 1999  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 24/06/1999   
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Contents >> Health >> National summary tables

National summary tables


HEALTH STATUS

Units
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997

Life expectancy
Male life expectancy at birth
years
73.0
73.1
73.3
73.9
74.4
74.5
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.2
75.6
Female life expectancy at birth
years
79.5
79.5
79.6
80.1
80.4
80.4
80.9
80.9
80.8
81.1
81.3
Male life expectancy at 65 years
years
14.7
14.8
14.7
15.2
15.4
15.4
15.7
15.7
15.7
15.8
16.1
Female life expectancy at 65 years
years
18.6
18.7
18.7
19.0
19.1
19.2
19.5
19.7
19.5
19.6
19.8
Male disability-free life expectancy at birth
years
n.a.
58.4
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
58.4
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
Female disability-free life expectancy at birth
years
n.a.
63.4
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
64.2
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
Mortality
Total number of deaths
'000
117.3
119.9
124.2
120.1
119.1
123.7
121.6
126.7
125.1
128.7
129.4
Crude death rate (per 1,000 population)
no.
7.2
7.2
7.4
7.0
6.9
7.1
6.9
7.1
6.9
7.0
7.0
Standardised death rate (per 1,000 population)
no.
7.6
7.5
7.6
7.2
6.9
6.9
6.6
6.7
6.5
6.4
6.2
Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)
no.
8.7
8.7
8.0
8.2
7.1
7.0
6.1
5.9
5.7
5.8
5.3
Perinatal mortality rate (per 1,000 live births and fetal deaths combined)
no.
11.5
11.6
11.0
11.3
10.6
10.7
9.2
9.1
9.4
10.0
9.2
Disability
Disability with specific restrictions (per 100 population)(a)
%
n.a.
13.6
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
13.6
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

(a) Rates are age-standardised.

Reference periods: All health status data are for the calendar year.

CAUSES OF DEATH

Units
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997

Death rates per 100,000 population
Leading causes(a)
Cancer
no.
180
184
183
181
181
181
180
181
r177
177
171
Ischaemic heart disease
no.
208
199
200
186
176
177
162
161
151
145
137
Stroke
no.
82
79
78
72
69
67
65
67
63
61
56
Selected cancers(a)
Male lung cancer
no.
64
65
64
60
60
59
57
59
56
55
52
Female lung cancer
no.
15
17
18
17
18
18
19
19
19
20
19
Female breast cancer
no.
27
27
27
27
27
25
27
27
26
25
24
Prostate cancer
no.
30
31
32
32
31
34
35
35
33
33
29
Skin cancer
no.
6
6
6
7
6
7
7
7
7
7
6
Heart disease and diabetes(a)
Male ischaemic heart disease
no.
282
271
271
250
237
235
219
216
204
196
182
Female ischaemic heart disease
no.
150
143
145
136
127
130
117
118
109
105
101
Diabetes mellitus
no.
13
13
13
13
13
14
14
15
14
15
14
Accidents and suicide
Motor vehicle traffic accident(a)
no.
17
19
17
15
13
12
11
11
11
11
10
Male 15-24 years
motor vehicle traffic accident
no.
54
55
49
42
38
31
33
30
32
32
29
Female 15-24 years
motor vehicle traffic accident
no.
18
18
18
14
12
12
10
10
11
8
10
Suicide(a)
no.
14
13
13
13
14
13
12
13
13
13
15
Male 15-24 years suicide
no.
24
28
24
27
27
27
25
27
25
25
31
Female 15-24 years suicide
no.
6
4
3
4
6
6
4
4
6
4
7
AIDS(a)
AIDS-related
no.
n.a.
1
2
3
3
4
4
4
4
3
2

(a) Rates are age-standardised.

Reference periods: All causes of death data are for the calendar year.

RISK FACTORS

Units
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997

Immunisation status
Children not fully immunised aged 3 months to 6 years (of children 3 months to 6 years)
%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
45.9
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
47.9
n.a.
n.a.
Drinking and smoking
Alcohol: apparent consumption per person per day
mls
30.4
30.7
30.2
29.9
28.6
27.3
26.5
27.3
r26.8
26.5
26.3
Tobacco: apparent consumption per person per day
grams
6.1
5.8
5.5
5.6
5.2
5.3
4.7
4.3
4.1
3.9
3.9
Diet and exercise
Total fats: apparent consumption per person per day
grams
56.3
55.8
55.4
54.5
r53.5
r53.3
r52.2
r53.0
r51.8
r52.7
49.4
Persons who do not exercise for sport, recreation or fitness (of persons 18 years and over)(a)
%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
35.8
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
34.0
n.a.
n.a.

(a) Rates are age-standardised.

Reference periods: Immunisation status data are at April. Apparent consumption data are for the year ended 30 June.

SERVICES

Units
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997

Hospital separations (per 1,000 population)
no.
n.a.
214
n.a.
225
n.a.
237
247
260
274
285
289
Hospital beds (per 1,000 population)
no.
5.4
5.3
5.2
5.0
5.0
4.5
4.4
4.2
4.3
4.3
4.2
Average length of stay in hospital
days
6.3
6.2
5.9
5.6
5.1
4.8
4.8
4.7
r4.5
4.3
4.2
Doctors (per 100,000 population)
no.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
225
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
241
n.a.
Nursing home and hostel beds (per 1,000 population aged 70 years and over)
no.
n.a.
98.4
97.2
95.1
94.0
94.2
94.1
92.6
90.0
90.9
89.2
Medicare usage
Average Medicare services processed per person(a)
no.
8.0
8.2
8.5
8.5
8.5
8.9
9.7
10.0
10.3
10.5
10.5
Average Medicare services processed per male(a)
no.
6.4
6.6
6.8
6.9
6.9
7.2
7.8
8.2
8.4
8.7
8.7
Average Medicare services processed per female(a)
no.
9.6
9.8
10.2
10.1
10.1
10.6
11.5
11.8
12.2
12.4
12.4
Average Medicare services processed per person aged 65 years and over
no.
14.6
14.8
15.2
15.3
15.4
16.4
17.9
18.8
19.6
20.5
20.9
Proportion of Medicare services used by persons aged 65 years and over
%
19.8
19.7
19.6
20.0
20.6
21.0
21.4
22.0
22.5
23.0
23.6

(a) Rates are age-standardised.

Reference periods: Services data (except doctors per 100,000 population which is at census date) are for the year ended 30 June.

EXPENDITURE

Units
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997

Persons with private health insurance
%
48.3
47.0
45.5
44.5
43.7
41.0
39.5
37.2
34.9
33.6
31.9
Total health expenditure per person per year (1989-90 prices)
$
1,571
1,603
1,661
r1,700
r1,713
r1,736
r1,785
1,835
r1,891
p1,963
p1,996
Total health expenditure as a proportion of GDP
%
8.0
7.8
7.7
7.8
r8.2
r8.5
8.6
8.5
r8.4
r8.4
p8.4


Reference periods: Expenditure data (except private health insurance data which are at the June quarter) are for the year ended 30 June.



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