Australian Bureau of Statistics
1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2002
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 25/01/2002
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ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF TOURISM
Tourism contributed 4.3% to total industry gross value added. This compares well with other industries (see graphs 22.2 and 22.3).
International visitors consumed $12.8b worth of goods and services, or 11.2% of total export earnings in 1997-98. Only the mining (35%), manufacturing (23%) and agriculture (20%) industries contributed larger shares.
Tourism consumption totalled $58.2b. Domestic households consumed the largest share (67%) while international visitors (22%) and domestic business/government visitors (11%) consumed the remainder. Overnight visitors accounted for the bulk of domestic tourism consumption (77%). The remainder of domestic consumption was by day visitors (23%).
Long distance passenger transportation was the largest tourism product (18% of the total consumption of tourism products), followed by shopping (16%), takeaway and restaurant meals (15%) and accommodation services (9%) (graph 22.4).
The TSA estimates that 513,000 persons were in tourism-generated employment in 1997-98. This represented 6% of total employed persons in the economy. The retail trade and accommodation industries were the largest contributors, accounting for 27% and 18% respectively of tourism employment. Of total tourism employment, 37% were employed on a part-time basis and there was a fairly equal proportion of males and females.
Australia is one of a small number of countries that have produced an official TSA. Tables 22.5 to 22.7 show Australia's TSA ratios, for tourism's share of gross value added and employment, and the international visitor share of total tourism expenditure. The ratios have been adjusted to a conceptual basis comparable with ratios for New Zealand, Canada and the USA.
The adjusted tables show that the tourism share of gross value added is higher in Australia than in Canada and the USA, but lower than in New Zealand. The tourism share of employment is similar in New Zealand and Australia, but tourism contributes more to employment in Australia than in Canada or the USA.
International visitors made similar contributions to tourism consumption in Australia and the USA, but both these countries recorded lower contributions than Canada. A comparison with New Zealand is not possible as total international visitor consumption was not published in the New Zealand TSA for 1997.
The TSA expands the core national accounts to include tourism within the national accounting framework. The results show the importance of tourism to the Australian economy.
This page last updated 5 October 2007
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