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3303.0 - Causes of Death, Australia, 2006 Quality Declaration 
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 14/03/2008   
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    INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENT

    For information on the institutional environment of the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), including the legislative obligations of the ABS, financing and governance arrangements, and mechanisms for scrutiny of ABS operations, please see ABS Institutional Environment.

    Statistics presented in Causes of Death, Australia, 2006 (cat. no. 3303.0) are sourced from deaths registrations administered by the various state and territory Registrars of Births, Deaths and Marriages. It is a legal requirement of each state and territory, that all deaths are registered. Information about the deceased is supplied by a relative or other person acquainted with the deceased, or by an official of the institution where the death occurred. As part of the registration process, information on the cause of death is either supplied by the medical practitioner certifying the death on a Medical Certificate of Cause of Death, or supplied as a result of a coronial investigation.

    Death records are provided electronically to the ABS by individual Registrars, on a monthly basis. Each death record contains both demographic data and medical information from the Medical Certificate of Cause of Death where available. Information from coronial investigations are provided to the ABS through the National Coroners Information System (NCIS).

    For Further Information see: 3317.0.55.002 - Information Paper: ABS Causes of Death Statistics: Concepts, Sources, and Methods



    RELEVANCE

    The scope of the collection is:
    • all deaths registered in Australia for the current year and received by the ABS in the current year.
    • all deaths registered in Australia for the current year and received by the ABS in the first three months of the following year (i.e. 2006 registrations received in the first quarter of 2007)
    • all deaths registered in the two years prior to the current year, and received in the current year, or in the first three months of the following year, provided they have not previously been registered.

    Data in the Causes of Death collection include demographic items, as well as Causes of Death information, which is coded according to the International Classification of Diseases (ICD). ICD is the international standard classification for epidemiological purposes and is designed to promote international comparability in the collection, processing, classification, and presentation of cause of death statistics. The classification is used to classify diseases and causes of disease or injury as recorded on many types of medical records as well as death records The ICD has been revised periodically to incorporate changes in the medical field. The 10th revision of ICD (ICD-10) is used for the 2006 data.

    For Further Information see: 3317.0.55.002 - Information Paper: ABS Causes of Death Statistics: Concepts, Sources, and Methods



    TIMELINESS

    Causes of Death data are published annually and released within 15 months of the end of the reference period. For example, 2006 Causes of Death data are released on 14 March 2008.

    Causes of death statistics are released with a view to ensuring that they are fit for purpose when released. To meet user requirements for timely data it is often necessary to obtain information from the administrative source before all information for the reference period is available (e.g. finalisation of coronial proceedings). A balance needs to be maintained between accuracy (completeness) of data and timeliness, taking account of the different needs of users.

    For Further Information see: 3317.0.55.002 - Information Paper: ABS Causes of Death Statistics: Concepts, Sources, and Methods


    ACCURACY

    Non-sample errors are the main influence on accuracy in datasets such as this which are a complete census of the population rather than a sample. Non-sample error arises from inaccuracies in collecting, recording and processing the data. The most significant of these errors are: misreporting of data items; deficiencies in coverage; non-response to particular questions; and processing errors. Every effort is made to minimise error by working closely with data providers, the careful design of forms, training of processing staff, and efficient data processing procedures.

    For Further Information see: 3317.0.55.002 - Information Paper: ABS Causes of Death Statistics: Concepts, Sources, and Methods



    COHERENCE

    Use of the supporting documentation released with the statistics is important for assessing coherence within the dataset and when comparing the statistics with data from other sources. Changing business rules over time and/or across data sources can affect consistency and hence interpretability of statistical output. The Explanatory Notes in each issue contains information pertinent to this particular release which may impact on comparison over time.

    For Further Information see: 3317.0.55.002 - Information Paper: ABS Causes of Death Statistics: Concepts, Sources, and Methods



    INTERPRETABILITY

    Information on some aspects of statistical quality may be hard to obtain as information on the source data has not been kept over time. This is related to the issue of the administrative rather than statistical purpose of the collection of the source data.


    The Causes of Death publication contains detailed Explanatory Notes, Appendices and Glossary that provide information on the data sources, terminology, classifications and other technical aspects associated with these statistics.

    For Further Information see: 3317.0.55.002 - Information Paper: ABS Causes of Death Statistics: Concepts, Sources, and Methods



    ACCESSIBILITY

    In addition to the information provided in this publication, a series of data cubes are also available providing detailed breakdowns by Causes of Death. The ABS observes strict confidentiality protocols as required by the Census and Statistics Act (1905). This may restrict access to data at a very detailed level which is sought by some users.

    If the information you require is not available from the publication or the data cubes, then the ABS may also have other relevant data available on request. Inquiries should be made to the National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070 or by sending an email to client.services@abs.gov.au.

    Unit record data for this collection may also be available on request, provisional on release by the relevant state/territory Registrars of Births, Deaths and Marriages. Inquires should be made to the National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070 or by sending an email to client.services@abs.gov.au.

    For Further Information see: 3317.0.55.002 - Information Paper: ABS Causes of Death Statistics: Concepts, Sources, and Methods



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