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Sampling error occurs when a sample or subset of the population is surveyed rather than the entire population. One measure of the likely difference resulting from not including all of the population in the survey is given by the standard error. While the selection of employers and employee jobs are based on sampling techniques, standard errors are not available for the labour price index. While it is reasonably straightforward to calculate sampling errors for a level estimate such as the total number of employees jobs, it is not so straightforward to determine standard errors for the LPI which uses both sampling and index methodologies.
Original index numbers are released as final figures at the time they are first published. Revisions have never occurred and will only occur in exceptional circumstances. Trend and seasonally adjusted indexes are revised as extra quarters are included and seasonal factors are updated.
The methodology used to construct the LPI is similar to that used for other price indexes produced by the ABS such as the Consumer Price Index and the Producer Price Indexes. The sample for the LPI, is selected from the ABS Business Register which is primarily based on registrations to the Australian Taxation Office's Pay As You Go Withholding scheme.
The LPI Survey uses Australian standard classifications to facilitate data comparability across statistical collections. Employers are classified using the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC) 1993 (cat. no. 1292.0). Jobs are classified according to the Australian Standard Classification of Occupations (cat. no. 1227.0).
The ABS conducts a number of sample surveys of businesses which collect information about wages and salaries. One of these series, Survey of Average Weekly Earnings (AWE), is designed to measure the level of average earnings in Australia at a point in time. Period to period movements for the AWE series are not comparable with those from the wage price index. The two series have different purposes. Consequently, they have different concepts, and use different sample selection and estimation methodologies.
The LPI publication (cat. no. 6345.0) contains Explanatory Notes, Appendices and a Glossary that provide information about data sources, terminology and other technical aspects of the series. More detailed information can also be found in the Labour Price Index, Concepts, Sources and Methods, (cat. no. 6351.0.55.001).
The total hourly rates of pay excluding bonuses index Australia and sector level indexes are the only indexes of the LPI that are seasonally adjusted.
For links to data and publications relating to the labour price index and other prices series, please see the Prices Theme Page.
Additional labour price indexes are available on request. To make enquiries about such data, telephone David Taylor on Perth (08) 9360 5151 or email <email@example.com>
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