Australian Bureau of Statistics

Rate the ABS website
ABS Home > Statistics > By Release Date
1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2002  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 25/01/2002   
   Page tools: Print Print Page RSS Feed RSS Bookmark and Share Search this Product  
Contents >> International Accounts and Trade >> Merchandise exports and imports by country

For exports, country refers to the country to which the goods were consigned at the time of export. For imports, country refers to the country of origin of the goods, that is, where the majority of processing of the goods takes place. Where the country of consignment/origin is not known at the time of export/import, goods are recorded as Destination Unknown (exports) or Origin Unknown (imports).

Australia's merchandise trade balance moved from a deficit of $12,792m in 1999-2000 to a surplus of $1,338m in 2000-01, an improvement of $14,130m. The main trading partner contributors were:

  • a $3,396m increase in the surplus with Japan as a result of a rise in exports of $4,657m (mainly Coal, coke and briquettes; Combined confidential items of trade and commodities n.e.s.; and Metalliferous ores and scrap metal). This was partly offset by a rise in imports of $1,261m (mainly Road vehicles including air-cushion vehicles);
  • a $2,831m decrease in the deficit with the United States of America. This was due to a rise in exports of $2,051m (mainly Meat and meat preparations; Road vehicles including air-cushion vehicles; and Transport equipment excluding road vehicles) and a fall in imports of $778m (mainly Transport equipment excluding road vehicles);
  • a $1,603m increase in the surplus with Singapore as a result of a rise in exports of $1,142m (mainly Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials) and a fall in imports of $460m (mainly Transport equipment excluding road vehicles);
  • a $1,195m increase in the surplus with the Republic of Korea as a result of a rise in exports of $1,594m (mainly Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials; Coal, coke and briquettes; Metalliferous ores and scrap metal; and Non-monetary gold), partly offset by a rise in imports of $399m (mainly Telecommunications and sound recording and reproducing apparatus and equipment); and
  • a $1,092m increase in the surplus with Taiwan as a result of a rise in exports of $1,175m (mainly Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials; Coal, coke and briquettes; and Metalliferous ores and scrap metal).

These improvements were partly offset by:
  • a $591m increase in the deficit with Viet Nam as a result of a rise in imports of $706m, mainly Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials;
  • a $486m increase in the deficit with China as a result of a rise in imports of $2,366m (mainly Articles of apparel and clothing accessories; Office machines and automatic data processing machines; and Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s.), partly offset by a rise in exports of $1,879m (mainly Combined confidential items of trade and commodities n.e.s.; and Metalliferous ores and scrap); and
  • a $423m fall in the surplus with the United Arab Emirates as a result of a rise in imports of $713m (mainly Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials), partly offset by a rise in exports of $290m (mainly Road vehicles including air-cushion vehicles; and Combined confidential items of trade and commodities n.e.s.).

Map 30.24 shows Australia's net balance of trade with its partner countries in 2000-01.

30.24 AUSTRALIA'S NET BALANCE OF TRADE, Partner Countries - 2000-01


Graphs 30.25 and 30.26 show the percentage share of Australian merchandise exports and imports by value accounted for by Australia's top eight trading partners for exports and imports respectively.







Tables 30.27 and 30.28 show, respectively, the value of exports to and imports from Australia's top eight trading partners by commodity (SITC Section). The largest value commodity exported to Japan, the Republic of Korea, Singapore and Taiwan was Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials. About half the exports to China were Crude materials, inedible, except fuels. The largest value commodity exported to the United States of America was Machinery and transport equipment.

The largest value commodity imported from Germany, Japan, the Republic of Korea, United Kingdom and United States of America was Machinery and transport equipment. From China, the largest value commodity was Miscellaneous manufactured articles, and from New Zealand it was Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material.

30.27 MERCHANDISE EXPORTS, Selected Countries - 2000-01

Commodity
China
Japan
Korea, Republic of
New Zealand
Singapore
Taiwan
United Kingdom
United States of America
Total all countries
(SITC Section)
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Food and live animals(a)
341
4,183
474
604
537
642
219
2,138
20,115
Beverages and tobacco
2
65
5
141
41
3
742
504
1,992
Crude materials, inedible, except fuels(a)
3,441
3,846
1,748
88
53
679
238
418
23,592
Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials(a)
536
7,084
2,587
692
2,173
1,959
393
1,189
25,211
Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes(a)
78
39
8
17
6
31
11
10
300
Chemical and related products, n.e.s.(a)
232
306
215
750
161
217
213
701
5,146
Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material(a)
493
2,350
1,002
1,036
293
1,235
304
1,219
14,011
Machinery and transport equipment(a)
236
461
495
1,935
582
171
416
2,677
13,408
Miscellaneous manufactured articles(a)
98
206
129
908
241
51
227
942
4,455
Commodities and transactions not classified elsewhere in the SITC(b)
1,388
4,938
2,545
699
1,910
882
1,877
1,857
11,372
Total merchandise exports
6,846
23,479
9,209
6,872
5,997
5,871
4,639
11,654
119,602

(a) Excludes export commodities subject to a ‘No commodity details’ restriction.
(b) Includes commodities subject to a ‘No commodity details’ restriction.

Source: International Merchandise Trade, Australia (5422.0).



30.28 MERCHANDISE IMPORTS, Selected Countries - 2000-01

China
Germany
Japan
Korea, Republic of
Malaysia
New Zealand
United Kingdom
United States of America
Total
all countries
Commodity
(SITC Section)
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Food and live animals(a)
152
55
78
34
86
817
141
438
4,236
Beverages and tobacco
17
10
5
1
2
136
196
182
907
Crude materials, inedible, except fuels(a)
68
28
54
34
94
410
48
280
1,922
Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials(a)

139
6

114

65

774

389

4

254
10,473
Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes(a)

5

10

1
0

78
4

3
5
285
Chemical and related products, n.e.s.(a)
443
1,010
482
247
183
379
1,495
3,778
14,200
Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material(a)

1,531

734

1,229

737
300
996
523

1,637
14,055
Machinery and transport equipment(a)
2,586
3,555
12,270
2,850
2,185
710
2,889
11,785
53,492
Miscellaneous manufactured articles(a)
4,838
586
831
175
378
489
956
3,440
16,804
Commodities and transactions not classified elsewhere in the SITC(b)

103

180
307

566
95

237

67

556
1,889
Total merchandise imports
9,881
6,174
15,371
4,710
4,177
4,565
6,321
22,356
118,264

(a) Excludes import commodities subject to a ‘No commodity details’ restriction.
(b) Includes commodities subject to a ‘No commodity details’ restriction.
Source: International Merchandise Trade, Australia (5422.0).


Table 30.29 shows merchandise exports and imports for the last three financial years, classified by country.

30.29 MERCHANDISE EXPORTS AND IMPORTS, By Country

Exports

Imports

1998-99

$m
1999-2000

$m
2000-01

$m
1998-99

$m
1999-2000

$m
2000-01

$m

Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
- Australia (re-imports)
. .
. .
. .
333
463
448
- Brunei Darussalum
49
40
44
11
211
351
- Canada
1,274
1,175
1,768
1,547
1,848
1,866
- Chile
212
129
132
68
61
79
- China
3,948
4,966
6,846
6,106
7,515
9,881
- Hong Kong (SAR of China)
3,071
3,211
3,904
1,228
1,280
1,367
- Indonesia
2,199
2,408
3,119
3,275
2,701
3,277
- Japan
16,566
18,822
23,479
13,587
14,110
15,371
- Korea, Republic of
6,320
7,615
9,209
3,894
4,311
4,710
- Malaysia
1,859
2,141
2,506
2,845
3,765
4,177
- Mexico
314
254
368
365
382
583
- New Zealand
5,838
6,739
6,872
3,950
4,372
4,565
- Papua New Guinea
1,014
927
1,050
781
1,353
1,457
- Peru
55
42
60
20
36
76
- Philippines
1,207
1,304
1,495
405
457
513
- Russian Federation
170
193
264
23
23
27
- Singapore
3,417
4,855
5,997
2,944
4,359
3,898
- Taiwan
4,203
4,696
5,871
2,978
3,244
3,327
- Thailand
1,306
1,703
2,219
1,902
2,422
2,780
- United States of America
7,984
9,602
11,654
20,893
23,135
22,356
- Viet Nam
349
385
499
972
1,726
2,431
- Total
61,355
71,210
87,353
68,128
77,773
83,540
European Union (EU)
- Austria
44
51
56
474
484
542
- Belgium-Luxembourg
1,085
1,089
1,003
662
737
828
- Denmark
77
140
108
459
542
535
- Finland
191
371
477
601
668
721
- France
914
871
1,079
2,202
2,228
2,478
- Germany
1,409
1,245
1,490
6,082
5,791
6,174
- Greece
55
102
161
101
97
109
- Ireland
174
134
178
1,000
937
1,140
- Italy
1,564
1,575
2,100
2,916
3,043
3,259
- Netherlands
866
1,378
1,738
917
990
907
- Portugal
54
41
34
141
168
162
- Spain
562
714
713
653
659
710
- Sweden
160
169
187
1,575
1,646
1,624
- United Kingdom
4,473
4,158
4,639
5,545
6,350
6,321
- Total
11,629
12,039
13,963
23,327
24,340
25,509
Other countries
- Algeria
58
49
67
. .
5
1
- Angola
2
2
4
. .
. .
. .
- Argentina
123
96
106
86
73
130
- Bahamas
4
5
10
10
11
3
- Bahrain(a)
75
69
102
25
58
29
- Bangladesh
289
296
368
43
54
56
- Barbados
5
7
8
1
. .
1
- Bolivia
1
1
1
2
3
1
- Bosnia and Herzegovina
3
3
5
1
1
5
- Brazil
447
470
546
342
441
647
- Bulgaria
26
3
4
7
6
7
- Cambodia
14
11
9
1
2
3
- Christmas Island
13
17
16
9
9
7
- Cocos (Keeling) Island
4
5
11
. .
. .
. .
- Colombia
19
26
29
19
18
18
- Cook Islands
6
5
6
2
3
4
- Costa Rica
3
5
5
27
21
20
- Cote d’Ivoire
1
7
2
13
11
12
- Croatia
6
2
6
8
10
8
- Cuba
3
2
6
4
5
6
- Cyprus
14
12
15
3
4
5
- Czech Republic
53
58
95
67
67
74
- Dominican Republic
16
11
19
3
3
4
- Ecuador
9
3
13
3
3
3
- Egypt(a)
588
504
600
11
16
14
- El Salvador
8
6
16
1
1
1
- Ethiopia
20
7
12
2
2
2
- Fiji
556
591
642
349
356
254
- French Polynesia
102
172
242
8
6
4
- Ghana
56
57
65
7
6
4
- Guam
18
19
19
. .
. .
. .
- Guatemala
19
9
9
4
3
3
- Honduras
6
2
7
1
1
3
- Hungary
7
7
21
66
78
96
- Iceland(a)
4
3
2
3
3
4
- India
1,837
1,588
2,086
666
714
754
- Iran
450
410
755
27
29
27
- Iraq
267
456
734
143
74
96
- Israel
159
192
248
386
442
441
- Jamaica
19
46
32
1
1
2
- Jordan
88
86
104
26
12
7
- Kazakhstan
1
2
10
1
1
3
- Kenya
78
54
102
21
16
18
- Kiribati
28
27
33
1
. .
. .
- Kuwait
274
299
402
54
106
163
- Laos
4
2
14
. .
1
1
- Latvia
8
8
7
1
2
2
- Lebanon
40
57
31
7
7
5
- Libya
58
33
35
. .
. .
. .
- Lithuania
9
3
2
1
3
3
- Macau (SAR of China)
15
16
32
7
7
7
- Madagascar
7
4
9
1
1
3
- Malawi
2
1
3
6
7
9
- Maldives
6
7
15
. .
. .
. .
- Malta
13
13
14
4
5
6
- Marianas, Northern
3
2
3
. .
. .
. .
- Marshall Islands
6
6
6
. .
. .
. .
- Mauritius
106
109
130
2
3
8
- Micronesia, Federated States of
16
14
20
. .
. .
. .
- Morocco
29
13
58
26
27
33
- Mozambique
21
36
164
. .
. .
. .
- Myanmar
13
17
21
12
17
19
- Namibia
5
58
6
8
8
8
- Nauru
17
23
26
6
7
9
- Nepal
15
6
11
1
3
3
- Netherlands Antilles
67
5
4
1
. .
1
- New Caledonia
184
200
243
46
48
51
- Nigeria
14
19
25
12
61
. .
- Norfolk Island
17
18
19
1
1
. .
- Norway
159
111
128
206
149
214
- Oman
131
203
179
16
86
26
- Pakistan
475
532
403
162
156
203
- Palau
1
2
1
. .
. .
. .
- Panama
2
20
7
. .
. .
4
- Poland
22
20
22
35
38
38
- Puerto Rico
7
6
20
124
192
120
- Qatar
67
68
98
74
170
211
- Reunion
7
9
11
. .
. .
. .
- Romania
78
62
70
9
9
10
- Samoa
31
42
58
56
58
76
- Samoa (American)
14
45
102
4
3
4
- Saudi Arabia
1,060
1,334
2,196
532
1,002
1,613
- Seychelles
7
5
5
. .
. .
. .
- Slovak Republic
4
6
9
8
6
17
- Slovenia
12
11
9
35
33
47
- Solomon Islands
98
83
52
4
4
4
- South Africa
944
1,039
1,296
537
749
877
- Sri Lanka
242
221
345
75
76
87
- Sudan
50
67
116
. .
46
. .
- Switzerland
443
319
268
1,092
1,279
1,171
- Syria
14
16
19
1
1
1
- Tanzania
70
84
120
5
5
7
- Tonga
17
16
15
1
1
1
- Trinidad and Tobago
29
35
38
1
1
2
- Tunisia
15
5
5
16
3
3
- Turkey
349
231
309
114
134
152
- Uganda
2
6
5
6
15
13
- Ukraine
9
31
50
8
7
3
- United Arab Emirates
835
872
1,162
201
401
1,114
- United States Virgin Islands
1
1
. .
1
1
2
- Uruguay
11
11
15
6
4
7
- Vanuatu
49
53
52
1
1
2
- Venezuela
15
14
12
2
1
2
- Wallis & Futuna Islands
8
7
6
. .
. .
. .
- Yemen
119
131
146
42
67
. .
- Zimbabwe
15
9
8
12
16
22
- Zone of Co-op A-Timor Gap
25
28
17
41
64
. .
- Other countries
3,008
4,068
5,701
1,164
2,366
2,759
- Destination or Origin Unknown
1
2
8
61
219
22
- International Waters
125
626
595
. .
. .
. .
- No country details(a)(b)
412
440
710
. .
. .
. .
- Ships’ stores
467
735
984
. .
. .
. .
- Total
13,007
14,037
18,286
6,156
7,965
9,215
Total
85,991
97,286
119,602
97,611
110,078
118,264

(a) Exports of alumina to Bahrain, Egypt and Iceland are excluded from country totals and included in the ‘No country details’ category.
(b) Includes some exports for June 2001 which cannot yet be allocated by country.

Source: International Merchandise Trade, Australia (5422.0).


Previous PageNext Page

Bookmark and Share. Opens in a new window


Commonwealth of Australia 2014

Unless otherwise noted, content on this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Australia Licence together with any terms, conditions and exclusions as set out in the website Copyright notice. For permission to do anything beyond the scope of this licence and copyright terms contact us.