Australian Bureau of Statistics
1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2002
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 25/01/2002
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The most recent survey of the museums industry was conducted in respect of financial year 1999-2000. This survey was different to those conducted in respect of 1996-97 and 1997-98 in that the 1999-2000 survey attempted to cover all museum establishments, whereas previous surveys were both of limited scope. For the purpose of the 1999-2000 survey, a museum establishment was defined as an enclosed area which stored artefacts, artworks and museum objects and which was open to the general public.
At the end of June 2000, there were 2,049 museum establishments in Australia, of which 1,188 (58%) were operated on a volunteer basis (table 21.38). The 2,049 museums contained a total of 61.6 million artefacts, artworks and museum objects at the end of June 2000, and were visited by 27.5 million visitors during 1999-2000. The majority of admissions to museums were free of charge (60%) and, on average, museums were open for 30 hours per week during 1999-2000.
At the end of June 2000, there were 37,402 persons working in museums, comprising 6,956 persons directly employed by the museums, 29,963 volunteers and 484 persons paid by other (related) organisations. The volunteers worked a total of 379,110 hours during June 2000, representing an average of 13 hours per volunteer for the month.
During 1999-2000, museums accrued a total of $716m in income. The main sources were Government funding ($487m), fundraising income ($54m) and admissions income ($52m).
Of the $643m incurred in expenses by museums during 1999-2000, labour costs were the most significant at $233m (36% of total expenses). Other major expenses for museum establishments included depreciation and amortisation ($45m), repair and maintenance expenses ($43m), and exhibition/display development costs ($25m).
21.38 MUSEUMS INDUSTRY - 1999-00
Commercial art galleries
The ABS conducted the second survey of the commercial art galleries industry in respect of 1999-2000, following an earlier collection in respect of 1996-97. The businesses included in the survey were those mainly engaged in the display and sale of artworks, and also included Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander art centres. The survey did not cover direct sales by the artist, or sales of artworks by auction houses, art museums, department stores, etc.
At the end of June 2000, there were 514 commercial art gallery businesses operating in Australia, comprising 31 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander art centres and 483 other commercial art gallery businesses. Commercial art gallery businesses employed 1,409 persons, females accounting for 61% of total persons employed (table 21.39).
The total income of commercial art gallery businesses in 1999-2000 was $132m. Income from the sale of artworks owned by the business was $73m (55% of total income), while commission income from the sale of artworks (selling artworks on behalf of others) was $43m, or 33% of total income.
Commercial art gallery businesses incurred total expenses of $122m during 1999-2000, the most significant expense being the purchase of artworks for resale at $44m (36% of total expenses).
The total value of artworks sold by commercial art gallery businesses in 1999-2000 was $218m, the total value of artworks sold on commission accounting for $145m. The total value of artworks sold of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander artists was $36m, while the sale of artworks of other Australian artists raised $168m.
The ABS conducted its second survey of botanic gardens in respect of 1999-2000, following a previous collection in respect of 1996-97. The information relates to employing businesses and statutory authorities, the main activity of which was the operation of a botanic garden, herbarium or arboretum. In addition, botanic garden activities of Commonwealth and State government departments and local government authorities which employ staff to operate and maintain botanic gardens were included in the collection. However, non employing organisations operating botanic gardens were excluded.
At the end of June 2000, there were 72 employing organisations operating botanic gardens. These organisations operated from 123 locations, comprising 74 mainly botanic gardens, 24 arboreta and 25 herbaria. During 1999-2000 there were 11.8 million visits to botanic gardens (table 21.40).
At the end of June 2000 there were 1,250 employees and 1,991 volunteers working for botanic gardens, a total workforce of 3,241 persons. The main employment groupings of employees were curatorial, horticultural and gardening (692 persons), managerial and administrative (186 persons), educational, public relations and retail sales (183 persons) and specialists and research (158 persons).
The total income of botanic gardens during 1999-2000 was $92m, income from government funding ($73m) accounting for 80% of their total income. Other significant sources of income were fundraising ($5m) and rent, leasing and hiring income ($4m).
During 1999-2000, botanic gardens had total expenses of $82m, the major expense being labour costs of $50m, of which wages and salaries accounted for $44m. Other major expenses included depreciation and amortisation ($6m), repair and maintenance expenses ($5m) and electricity, gas and water charges ($3m).
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