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QUALITY DECLARATION - SUMMARY
Revisions to previous cycle data occur on discovery of:
Revisions are only applied, up to two cycles prior to the current cycle, where the impact on:
This release includes revised data for the 2005-06 and 2006-07 reference periods. This must be taken into consideration when interpreting results, particularly when comparing estimates over time.
While every effort is made to ensure that all businesses with significant expenditure on R&D are included in the survey (refer to the Scope and Coverage section of the Explanatory Notes), complete coverage cannot be guaranteed.
In 2007-08, the Survey of R&D for the Business sector achieved a 92% response rate.
There are no other data sources with which ABS R&D data for the Business sector can be directly compared. However, some observations can be made which suggest the survey outputs give a reasonable indication of real world expectations and events. For example, trends in R&D survey data aligning with trends in values claimed, or intending to be claimed, through the R&D Tax Concession Scheme.
While the ABS seeks to maximise consistency and comparability over time by minimising changes to the survey, sound survey practice requires ongoing development to maintain the integrity of the data, its relevance to the changing needs of users and the efficiency of the collection.
Comparability of R&D estimates for the Business sector over time may have been affected by changes in imputation methods, concepts, data item definitions and classifications. For example, ABS R&D collections use classifications specific to R&D which are periodically updated. From the 2007-08 cycle, the classification used is the 2008 edition of the Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification (ANZSRC) and replaces the previously used Australian Standard Research Classification. Previous estimates for classification level data were not revised and, therefore, the introduction of updated classifications represents a break in the relevant time series.
R&D as collected by the ABS is defined in accordance with the OECD standard as 'creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of man, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications'.
The ABS Survey of R&D also uses classifications specific to R&D: results presented in this release are based on ANZSRC 2008.
Statistics shown are classified by: Socio-economic objective; Field of research; and Type of activity. Data providers self-classify R&D expenditure based on their interpretation of OECD/ABS definitions. The ABS makes every effort to ensure correct and consistent interpretation and reporting of these data and applies consistent processing methodologies. See also the Reliability of Statistics and Revisions sections of the Technical Note.
Further important contextual information, to be considered when interpreting the results presented in this release, is provided in the Explanatory Notes (including the Technical Note and Glossary). Additionally, for a more comprehensive interpretation of the definitions and classifications relating to R&D activity, refer to:
In addition to main features (which include key findings commentary) resulting from the Survey of R&D for Australian businesses, data at more detailed levels and time series data (in spreadsheet format) are included on the ABS website free of charge.
Links to other data releases relating to the Research and Experimental Development Survey can be found on the ABS website, via the Innovation, Science and Technology Home page under Themes/Industry.
If the information you require is not available as a standard product, inquiries can be made by contacting the National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070 or Kirsty Rothenbury on (08) 9360 5382.
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