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4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 1996  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 24/06/1996   
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Health


HEALTH STATUS

Life expectancy at birth

Reference year
Infant mortality rate(a)
Reference year
Males
Females
Country
no.
years
years

Australia
1992
7.0
1992
74.5
80.4
Canada
1990
6.8
1985-87
73.0
79.8
China
1990-95
44.5
1990-95
66.7
70.5
France
1991
7.3
1991
72.9
81.1
Greece
1993
8.5
1980
72.2
76.4
Hong Kong
1992
4.8
1992
74.8
80.5
Indonesia
1990-95
58.1
1990-95
61.0
64.5
Italy
1993
7.4
1989
73.5
80.0
Japan
1992
4.5
1992
76.1
82.2
Korea (Republic of)
1992
3.0
1989
66.9
75.0
Malaysia
1990-95
13.0
1990-95
68.7
73.0
New Zealand
1993
7.2
1990-92
72.9
78.7
Papua New Guinea
1990-95
68.3
1990-95
55.2
56.7
Singapore
1993
4.7
1992
73.7
78.3
Sweden
1993
4.8
1992
75.4
80.8
UK
1992
6.6
1992
73.5
79.1
USA
1992
8.4
1991
72.0
78.9
Viet Nam
1990-95
42.0
1979
63.7
67.9

(a) Per 1,000 live births.

Source: United Nations (1995) 1993 Demographic Yearbook

STANDARDISED DEATH RATES(a) FOR SELECTED CAUSES OF DEATH

Reference year
Malignant neoplasms (cancer)
Ischaemic heart disease
Cerebrovascular disease (stroke)
Motor vehicle traffic accidents
Suicide and self-inflicted injury(b)
All
causes
Country
no.
no.
no.
no.
no.
no.

Australia
1992
125.3
105.5
37.4
10.7
11.3
454.4
Canada
1992
130.5
89.1
27.0
10.8
11.4
438.9
China
. .
na
na
na
na
na
na
France
1992
134.8
35.8
29.5
14.0
15.4
440.9
Greece
1993
108.7
57.0
66.9
16.7
3.0
452.6
Hong Kong
1993
130.3
40.7
42.0
4.5
8.5
412.3
Indonesia
. .
na
na
na
na
na
na
Italy
1991
137.1
58.0
51.7
14.1
5.5
475.9
Japan
1993
106.1
20.2
45.8
9.3
12.0
377.8
Korea (Republic of)
. .
na
na
na
na
na
na
Malaysia
. .
na
na
na
na
na
na
New Zealand
1992
141.1
127.5
44.1
18.0
13.4
522.6
Papua New Guinea
. .
na
na
na
na
na
na
Singapore
1992
131.7
103.4
62.9
8.1
9.3
532.5
Sweden
1992
109.3
103.8
38.5
6.8
11.9
435.4
UK
. .
na
na
na
na
na
na
USA
1991
133.5
103.8
28.6
15.8
10.5
529.1
Viet Nam
. .
na
na
na
na
na
na

(a) Standardised death rates are the overall death rates per 100,000 population that would have prevailed in a standard population if it had experienced at each age the death rates of the population being studied. The standard population used in this table is the World Health Organisation world standard population. The figures in this table differ from those in the previous two editions due to the use of a different standard population. Standardised death rates for Australia presented in the Health chapter of this publication or elsewhere in ABS publications are not comparable due the use of a different standard population and different reference periods.
(b) It is generally acknowledged that suicides are under-reported as a cause of death. The degree of under-reporting varies from country to country, partly for social and cultural reasons, but also because of differences in legal requirements and administrative procedures in arriving at a verdict of suicide.

Source: World Health Organisation (1995) World Health Statistics Annual 1994

HEALTH SERVICES AND EXPENDITURE

Reference year
Health expenditure
as % of GDP
Health expenditure per capita at PPP(a)
Reference year
Doctors per 1,000 population
Reference year
Acute hospital beds per 1,000 population
Country
%
$US '000
no.
no.

Australia
1992
7.9
1.3
1991
2.3
1992
4.5
Canada
1992
10.8
2.1
1991
2.2
1989
5.0
China
. .
na
na
. .
na
. .
na
France
1992
9.4
1.7
1991
2.7
1990
5.2
Greece
1992
5.4
0.3
1990
3.4
. .
na
Hong Kong
. .
na
na
. .
na
. .
na
Indonesia
. .
na
na
. .
na
. .
na
Italy
1992
8.5
1.5
1989
1.3
. .
na
Japan
1992
7.0
1.4
1990
1.6
. .
na
Korea (Republic of)
. .
na
na
. .
na
. .
na
Malaysia
. .
na
na
. .
na
. .
na
New Zealand
1992
7.7
1.1
1989
1.9
. .
na
Papua New Guinea
. .
na
na
. .
na
. .
na
Singapore
. .
na
na
. .
na
. .
na
Sweden
1992
7.9
1.3
1991
2.9
1990
3.9
UK
1992
7.1
1.2
1990
1.4
1986
2.8
USA
1992
14.0
3.2
1990
2.3
1991
3.5
Viet Nam
. .
na
na
. .
na
. .
na

(a) PPP (purchasing power parities) are the rates of currency conversion which eliminate the differences in price levels between countries.

Source: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (1993) OECD Health Systems: facts and trends 1960-1991



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