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1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2008  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 07/02/2008   
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Contents >> Government finance >> Taxation revenue

TAXATION REVENUE

A distinctive feature of the Australian federal system is that the Commonwealth (Australian) Government levies and collects all income tax, from individuals as well as from enterprises. The Commonwealth Government also collects taxes on the provision of goods and services, including: the Goods and Services Tax (GST); taxes on the use of goods and performance of activities; and some taxes on employers' payrolls. The taxation revenue base of state and territory governments consists of taxes on: property; employers' payrolls; and the provision and use of goods and services. The sole source of taxation revenue for local governments is taxes on property.

Total taxation revenue collected in Australia in 2005-06 was $297,942 million (m), an increase of 6.9% compared with 2004-05 (table 28.7). Of this, $176,194m (59.1%) was for taxes on income and $75,994m (25.5%) for taxes on the provision of goods and services.

Commonwealth Government taxation revenue, including taxes from the other levels of government and Commonwealth public corporations, rose from $229,131m in 2004-05 to $245,223m in 2005-06, an increase of 7.0%. In 2005-06, Commonwealth Government taxation represented 82.3% of taxation revenue for all levels of government.

State government taxation revenue increased by 6.2%, from $41,649m in 2004-05 to $44,235m in 2005-06. In 2005-06 taxes on property were the single largest taxation revenue source for state governments (38.3%), followed by employers' payroll taxes (29.6%). The revenue base of state and territory governments is supplemented by the distribution of grants from the Commonwealth Government, which includes the allocation of GST revenue.

Australian residents paid an average of $14,571 in tax in 2005-06, an increase of 5.5% compared with 2004-05 (table 28.8). The amount of Commonwealth Government taxation per person rose by 5.6% from $11,340 in 2004-05 to $11,976 in 2005-06. State and territory governments and local councils combined charged residents an average of $2,594 a year in property taxes, stamp duty, gambling taxes, payroll and other taxes in 2005-06. This was an increase of 5.0% compared with that collected in 2004-05.

28.7 TAXATION REVENUE, By level of government

2001-02
2002-03
2003-04
2004-05
2005-06
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Commonwealth

Taxes on income
123 065
134 432
145 709
162 974
176 199
Employers' payroll taxes
156
253
381
292
369
Taxes on property
12
13
13
14
14
Taxes on provision of goods and services
53 883
59 371
62 646
64 997
67 822
Taxes on use of goods and performance of activities
722
757
811
854
819
Total
177 838
194 827
209 560
229 131
245 223

State(a)

Taxes on income
-
-
-
-
-
Employers' payroll taxes
9 671
10 162
10 839
11 996
13 087
Taxes on property
12 434
14 166
16 683
16 043
16 937
Taxes on provision of goods and services
6 552
6 990
7 275
7 865
8 173
Taxes on use of goods and performance of activities
4 685
5 100
5 597
5 745
6 038
Total
33 341
36 418
40 394
41 649
44 235

Local

Taxes on income
-
-
-
-
-
Employers' payroll taxes
-
-
-
-
-
Taxes on property
6 668
7 224
7 673
8 306
8 920
Taxes on provision of goods and services
-
-
-
-
-
Taxes on use of goods and performance of activities
-
-
-
-
-
Total
6 668
7 224
7 673
8 306
8 920

All levels

Taxes on income
123 064
134 432
145 707
162 972
176 194
Employers' payroll taxes
9 509
10 076
10 862
11 898
13 035
Taxes on property
19 106
21 395
24 360
24 356
25 863
Taxes on provision of goods and services
60 435
66 360
69 922
72 861
75 994
Taxes on use of goods and performance of activities
5 407
5 854
6 404
6 598
6 855
Total
217 520
238 118
257 255
278 685
297 942

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) Includes Northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory.
Source: Taxation Revenue, Australia (5506.0).

28.8 TAXATION PER PERSON(a), By level of government

2000-01
2001-02
2002-03
2003-04
2004-05
2005-06
$
$
$
$
$
$

Commonwealth Government
9 111
9 106
9 862
10 487
11 340
11 976
State and Local government
Nsw South Wales
2 362
2 324
2 478
2 601
2 647
2 721
Victoria
2 124
2 177
2 285
2 458
2 539
2 651
Queensland
1 530
1 671
1 864
2 127
2 187
2 287
South Australia
1 818
1 836
2 019
2 281
2 394
2 433
Western Australia
1 886
1 908
2 147
2 506
2 600
3 015
Tasmania
1 499
1 475
1 558
1 697
1 818
1 860
Northern Territory
1 319
1 373
1 498
1 595
1 783
2 137
Australian Capital Territory(b)
2 016
1 809
2 121
2 331
2 195
2 386
All state and local governments
2 022
2 048
2 208
2 404
2 471
2 594
All levels of government
11 118
11 138
12 054
12 874
13 792
14 551

(a) Estimated resident population.
(b) ACT excludes Jervis Bay Territory from September 1993 onwards.
Source: Taxation Revenue, Australia (5506.0).


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