Australian Bureau of Statistics

Rate the ABS website
ABS Home > Statistics > By Catalogue Number
ABS @ Facebook ABS @ Twitter ABS RSS ABS Email notification service
3412.0 - Migration, Australia, 2013-14 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 29/01/2015   
   Page tools: Print Print Page Print all pages in this productPrint All RSS Feed RSS Bookmark and Share Search this Product
MEDIA RELEASE
29 January 2015
Embargoed: 11.30 am (Canberra time)
09/2015

Overseas born Aussies hit a 120 year peak

The proportion of Australians who were born overseas has hit its highest point in 120 years, with 28 per cent of Australia's population - 6.6 million people - born overseas, according to figures released today by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS).

"Australia traditionally had a high proportion of migrants, but we've now hit a peak not seen since the gold rushes of the late 1800s," said Denise Carlton from the ABS.

"Overseas migration has been a large contributor to the total Australian population growth for several years - it has consistently been the main driver since 2005-06, contributing more than 50 per cent of population growth in Australia.

"While the largest migrant groups were people born in the United Kingdom and New Zealand - with a total of over 1.8 million Australian residents being born in those two countries, the next two most common birth places were from the Asian region.

"These were China and India, with around 450,000 and 400,000 people respectively.

"Of the top ten countries of birth, the number of Australian residents who were born in India increased the most, almost tripling from just 132,800 people in 2004 to 397,200 people in 2014," said Ms Carlton.

"The number of residents born in China also more than doubled, going from 205,200 persons to 447,400 persons over those ten years.

"In contrast, the proportion of the population born in the United Kingdom saw a drop, falling from 5.6 to 5.2 per cent over the last ten years. Over the same time, New Zealand born migrants have grown from 2.1 to 2.6 per cent."



    Top 10 countries of birth, selected characteristics - Australia - 30 June 2014(a)

    Persons
    Median age
    Sex ratio
    Country of birth
    no.
    % of Australian
    population
    years
    males per
    100 females

    United Kingdom
    1,221,300
    5.2
    54.4
    104.6
    New Zealand
    617,000
    2.6
    39.7
    105.2
    China
    447,400
    1.9
    35.5
    81.9
    India
    397,200
    1.7
    33.2
    119.7
    Philippines
    225,100
    1.0
    39.5
    63.7
    Vietnam
    223,200
    1.0
    44.5
    85.0
    Italy
    201,800
    0.9
    68.8
    108.5
    South Africa
    176,300
    0.8
    40.9
    99.8
    Malaysia
    153,900
    0.7
    38.6
    88.3
    Germany
    129,000
    0.5
    62.9
    92.4

    (a) Estimates from June quarter 2013 onwards are preliminary - see paragraph 9 of the Explanatory Notes.

Australia's larger states gained the biggest share of net overseas migration, with New South Wales gaining 73,300, Victoria 59,400, Western Australia 32,300 and Queensland 30,300. Tasmania had the smallest net overseas migration gain, adding 1,300 people.

Looking at migration within Australia, net interstate migration contributed to population gains for Victoria (8,800 persons), Queensland (5,800 persons) and Western Australia (1,000 persons). Those states that experienced population loss through interstate migration were New South Wales (6,900 persons), the Northern Territory (3,300 persons), South Australia (3,000 persons) and the Australian Capital Territory and Tasmania (each 1,200 persons).

More information on migrants living in Australia, and data on overseas and interstate migration can be found in Migration, Australia, 2013-14 (cat. no. 3412.0), available from www.abs.gov.au.

Media Note:

  • Country of birth data is available at the state and territory level in Census years only.
  • When reporting ABS data you must attribute the Australian Bureau of Statistics (or the ABS) as the source.
  • Media requests and interviews - contact the ABS Communications Section on 1300 175 070.

Bookmark and Share. Opens in a new window

Commonwealth of Australia 2015

Unless otherwise noted, content on this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Australia Licence together with any terms, conditions and exclusions as set out in the website Copyright notice. For permission to do anything beyond the scope of this licence and copyright terms contact us.